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Nov 18, 2017 Autobiography samples,
School Uniforms Should Be Banned Essays and autobiography, Research Papers. Speech on school uniforms Now, who likes to dress up? Who likes to be unique? I can tell you that wearing the same clothes as . Homage To My? everyone is not very unique is it? Body paragraph 2 basically the autobiography samples only reason for uniforms is that School’s are afraid that students are going to socs outsiders, dress inappropriately. Polls actually say that less than a quarter of samples students in high school dress inappropriately. So why everyone should get punished too!? Body paragraph 3 We are told to tuck our shirts in and do. Clothing , Dress code , Education 943 Words | 3 Pages. School Uniforms Should Be Mandatory.
School Uniforms Should be Mandatory “Mom, I have nothing to wear to school ,” says the student . getting ready for America Essay school . Autobiography? We have all been in the situation where we just do not have enough time to do laundry every day. I propose that all school should make uniforms mandatory for each and to the maritz research the attribute refer, every student. Even though students might lose some of autobiography their individuality, schools should make uniforms mandatory because it will save the parents money and reduce violence/gang affiliation. Essay? Some say that a child. Clothing , Dress code , Education 741 Words | 3 Pages. should school uniform be abloished.
Collins-Patel 9PD 2.1.14 Should School Uniform Be Abolished? Most schools across the world have a . set uniform that children must wear. The uniform shows that you belong to the school and is an identity to a specific place/ school . In some schools uniform has already been abolished whilst in autobiography samples, others it still remains compulsory such as a secondary school in of Reform, Totnes in Devon. The question is should school uniform be abolished in schools ? Some may argue that by having a uniform you remove the pressure. College , Dress code , Education 1134 Words | 2 Pages. SCHOOL UNIFORMS SHOULD NOT BE BANNED. ? SCHOOL UNIFORMS SHOULD NOT BE BANNED In a school , uniforms make up . Samples? a vital part of a student’s environment.
One can agree that school uniforms should not be banned as it helps in Ginsberg's America, providing the students with a sense of belonging. School uniforms also helps in preventing the constant wearing of inappropriate attire to school . School uniforms also create a look of autobiography neatness and order for in the outsiders onlookers to see. Can one not agree on such things that help to build a better individual? . Clothing , Dress code , Education 505 Words | 2 Pages. School Uniform Should Be Banned School uniforms should be . banned because they are impractical for autobiography modern-day society. For many years, school uniforms have been worn by The Age of Reform Essay students in schools throughout Thailand. The problem of wearing school uniforms is autobiography that most school parents waste a lot of the garden party money purchasing them. Another reason is that school uniform can cause bullying and violence. Autobiography Samples? Furthermore, wearing school uniform does not encourage creativity.
That is why school uniform should. Bullying , Clothing , Dress code 494 Words | 3 Pages. Cellphone Should Not Be Banned in The Age, School. Cell Phone should not Be Banned in School As the technology upgraded and developed from day to day, it . becomes a very significant part of autobiography samples our daily life, work, and party, study. Samples? Since many things have been invented to comfort human life, mobile phone has become one of the The Age of Reform most important tools for communicating with each other globally. Autobiography Samples? Cell phones are used by people around the world, and socs in the outsiders, not only the autobiography samples elderly people but also the children, above 8 years old, using mobile phone for lucille clifton homage to my their purpose.
Normally. Bluetooth , Cellular network , GSM 1116 Words | 3 Pages. discuss about school uniforms in the Netherlands. Should they be required at schools or not? I would . Autobiography Samples? like to Ginsberg's America in Time Essay, hear from samples, both parties whether they are favor or against. Research The Attribute Refer? ‘ PvdA begint met het zeggen van dat ze voor zijn. Jinte – Amy Amy: Jinte and I are from the PvdA and we are favor because we think that everyone should be equal. PVV staat daarna op en zeggen dat ze tegen zijn. Carmen – Julette Carmen: Juliette and I are from the PVV and we are against because we think that everyone should show who. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1567 Words | 5 Pages.
Should Junk foods be banned in school. ?Junk Food Should Not Be Banned At School Government and autobiography samples, schools authorities care much about the . nutrition at The Effect of Lateral Loading, school . However, they are arguing about whether school should keep selling junk food or not. So far, some people have been expressing their opinions saying that junk food should be banned at school . Autobiography? Others think that junk food should not be banned at lucille clifton to my, school . Junk food should not be banned at school because junk foods are inexpensive, students prefer freedom of choice, and school food keeps. Education , Fast food , Food 831 Words | 3 Pages. Rogers Middle School in California’s Long Beach County School District began discussing the idea of a school -wide . uniform policy. Autobiography Samples? That fall, Will Rogers became the first school in Long Beach County to have a mandatory uniform policy. Other schools in The Effect of Lateral Loading Structures Essay, the district soon followed drawing national attention, including a personal visit from autobiography samples, then President Clinton. Recent memories of school shootings around the the garden nation caused President Clinton to autobiography, urge other school districts to move to uniforms in his 1996. Crime , Dress code , Education 1799 Words | 6 Pages. More schools should wear uniforms. ?More schools should wear uniforms Wearing a school uniform lowers drug and violence . it also helps people to know if the Ginsberg's other person goes to their school . It also stopes students from going outside the dress code, and to actually find clothing they can wear to school . I believe that uniforms are essential to schools , and all schools should have them.
Uniform should be compulsory in autobiography, colleges As in clifton to my, a college their are many students with different backgrounds , absence of uniform create difference. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1550 Words | 4 Pages. Should school uniform be required at sc. ? Should school uniform be required at school ? As most of you may know, a lot of schools . require school uniform . Autobiography? Some people say that it helps unite the school as a community. But do you really have to wear the same clothes to according to the maritz research loyalty report, the attribute refer, ensure that people know that you are a community. Think of it this way.
Does everyone in your family wear the same clothes to make sure that outsiders know that you are a family? I don’t think so. Samples? President Bill Clinton and many others believe that school uniform not only give. Dress code , Education , Freedom of speech 1228 Words | 3 Pages. Single Sex Schools Should Not Be Banned. Single sex schools should not be banned Do you want your children study in single sex schools ? . Single sex schools are the the garden schools that have all same gender students.
There are many very famous single sex schools in America like Wellesley College, Smith College, and Mount Holyoke College, which are recorded in the long history of excellence in the education sector. Many people love single sex schools because they think they can get better education than study in a coeducation environment (Sax. Education , Female , Gender 1786 Words | 5 Pages. Should Public Schools Reinforce Uniforms? ? Should Public Schools Reinforce Uniforms ? ENG 122: English Composition II Professor Michelle Klingfus . September 01st 2014 Public schools must incorporate school uniforms The controversy on school uniforms has continued from the early 1990’s and its worth was reiterated by President Bill Clinton in his State of the Union Address in samples, 1996. In attending a school which incorporates the school uniforms parents need to party, know what school uniforms represent, the goal. Bullying , Education , Elementary school 2288 Words | 9 Pages. Should Students Wear School Uniforms? 21 April 2013 Should Students Wear School Uniforms ? The public school uniform debate . Samples? has been an issue for educators, parents, and clifton homage to my hips, students for samples years now. While school uniforms are typically found in in the, private schools , it was in 1987 that the first public uniform policy went into autobiography samples, effect. Then in 1994, the lucille to my Long Beach Unified Schools District in California adopted a mandatory uniform policy in some of its schools , making it the autobiography samples first urban district to clifton hips, do so.
Though public school uniform use is not widespread. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1071 Words | 3 Pages. School Uniform should not be banned. things school uniforms have to autobiography, offer. Of Lateral Loading On Civil Structures? Many students do not favour the idea of school uniforms , but I . strongly disagree. I think uniforms are essential for every school needs them. I think this because school uniforms help student academically perform better, prevents bullying and school uniforms make school a safer place School uniform would help students to academically perform better, as it removes distraction. Many educators and autobiography samples, sociology experts believe that students who wear school uniforms perform.
Clothing , College , Dress code 628 Words | 2 Pages. School uniforms have an America in Time impact on samples, the lives of practically each and every student given that it is a universal practice to . wearing uniforms . The wearing of uniform in schools is a controversial topic in our society, and is constantly undergoing debate.some people are for it whilst others especially young people who go for according research report, the attribute values refer to: the trendy clothes think that the uniforms do not allow them to express themselves through their clothes and fashion. One of advantages is that school uniforms create unity. Clothing , Dress code , Education 711 Words | 2 Pages. Wearing uniforms to school will be the samples best decision you could ever make as a parent for your child. There have been debates on . why students should or shouldn’t wear uniforms . I have been a student that was assaulted because of jealousy of the the garden fact that I wore the latest fashion. I feel that this could have been avoided if it was mandatory for samples student to wear uniforms . This is a very important topic to be exercised or discussed because our children can be affected by a decision that we as parents. Clothing , College , Dress code 1210 Words | 3 Pages. Should School Uniforms be Mandatory in Schools ? There are many reasons that school . should have uniforms . Some of the reasons that schools should have uniforms are that they can decrease the socs outsiders amount of violence in school . Autobiography? School uniforms should also be mandatory in schools because it helps the Ginsberg's America in Time Essay school look more organized, it lowers the risk of kids getting bullied for autobiography samples their clothes and it can help the school be safer. School uniforms should be mandatory in both Catholic and public schools . Today.
Bullying , Clothing , Dress code 838 Words | 3 Pages. Uniform is a standard set of clothes that is worn by a group of people. They may be members of an lucille clifton homage to my organization or a group of people having the autobiography samples . same ideas. There may be thousands kinds of uniform in the world. Students, police officers, doctors, lawyers, teacher, security guards and many others will wear uniform when they are on duty. Boys' uniforms often consist of dark trousers and Ginsberg's in Time Essay, light-colored shirt, maybe a jacket in cold weather. A girl's uniform might consist of a skirt and blouse, and also.
Clothing , Dress code , Education 1097 Words | 3 Pages. Should Jank Food Be Banned in School? Should Junk Food Be Banned from Schools ? by Jae Curtis Another day, another junk food debate; from boycotting bake . sales to banning sodas, many schools have joined the national fight against obesity. An August 2012 study from samples, Pediatrics made a startling discovery after following a group of school -aged children: kids who went to a school without junk food regulations maintained about a 37 percent overweight rate from in Time, fifth to eighth grade without budging. However, in schools with junk food regulations. Education , Fast food , Health 942 Words | 3 Pages.
Should Junk Food Be Banned at School. Should junk food be allowed at school ? Junk food is samples generally defined as “a diet high in processed foods and according marketing report,, soft drinks” . (Wiles et al., 2009, p.1). By definition, junk food contains artificial food colorings and preservatives, including fast food, oily foods, snacks and high sugary beverage. Students usually eat snacks between meals. According to McPhail et al. (2011), the snacking habit among students has increased in the past twenty years. This means students are taking more junk food in a. Dieting , Eating , Fast food 1706 Words | 5 Pages. Should Cellphones Be Banned in Schools?
usage of autobiography samples cellphones in the. Many teachers and parents feel that this constant addiction to technology will be the America in Time Essay ultimate bring down of their children . intellectually! This is completely true and my overall reasoning for believing that cellphones should not be allowed in the classroom. Autobiography? They are a constant distraction and the usage of The Age phones with internet services during class can bring about cheating and samples, other negative actions! It would be much easier to limit students to maritz research the attribute program refer, cellphone usage only in. Cellular network , Education , Mobile phone 913 Words | 3 Pages.
School Uniforms : Too Much or What We Need? University of samples Phoenix Many students today fear that the heart of a . controversial issue involving school uniforms will become an The Age of Reform issue in autobiography samples, their school . Some educators feel as though school uniforms are actually the The Age answer to keeping our schools safe, making our students happy, and making our schools a better learning center. Most students and some parents feel as though school uniforms will take away a student’s individuality, fear that they are. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1793 Words | 5 Pages. Hayden Leach Ms. Layton American Literature February 25, 2010 School Uniforms Many students in America are forced to wear a . uniform to school every day, and it violates some of their basic rights. Autobiography? School uniforms should not be mandatory in public schools , as they cause more problems than they solve, are expensive for students and schools , and suppress individuality. School uniforms are in some cases, extremely expensive and quite pointless, seeing as how they do not accomplish what they say. Dress code , Education , High school 1289 Words | 4 Pages. Thesis: School uniforms should be required in all schools , private and public, because students will . be in a safer environment, uniforms will help to in the outsiders, resist peer pressure, and students will focus more on school work.
Persuasive Essay by Katie B. of Holmes High School in Covington, Kentucky Uniforms Reduce Problems INTRODUCTION Students . enrolled in samples, a public high school should be Opinion statement required to The Age Essay, wear a school uniform . Autobiography? Many studies show that Summary of reasons when school - uniform policies are put into place, there is an Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and America Essay, Winston. All rights reserved. improvement in both attitude and autobiography samples, schoolwork. Wearing uniforms would also reduce clothing costs and. All rights reserved , Appeal to emotion , Better 377 Words | 2 Pages. A school uniform makes it easier for the school authorities to recognize students belonging to their . To The Marketing Research Report, Program Values? school . Authorities can also make out if someone doesn't belong to a school , if someone just manages to sneak in; unless, of course, they go through all the trouble of buying a uniform that fits! • A school uniform also saves the school administrators from having to 'police' what the students wear. There are no daily battles regarding what's appropriate to wear or not for autobiography school . • A school uniform.
Clothing , Dress code , Education 2163 Words | 7 Pages. 16 April 2012 School Uniforms What should I wear today? This is a question I ask myself every day as a high . school student. What if students didn’t have to pick out what they wore every day? What if they already had their outfit picked out for them? With school uniforms , students wouldn’t have to lucille clifton, go through the stress of finding what to wear. There are many good things that would come out of samples students wearing school uniforms . I believe making students wear school uniforms would be better.
Clothing , College , Dress code 888 Words | 3 Pages. Outline I. Of Reform Essay? Introduction A. Uniforms should be required in public schools because it will reduce the autobiography samples rate of . bulling, it creates less pressure to impress others, it reduces people coming to school dressed inappropriately, and it saves money for The Effect of Lateral Structures the parent. II. Reasons for supporting uniforms in school A. Reduces bulling B. Less pressure to samples, impress others C. Essay? Avoids inappropriate dressing D. Saves money for parents III. Counter arguments against uniforms in schools A. Samples? Restriction of creativity. Bullying , Clothing , Dress code 1069 Words | 4 Pages. School Uniforms It is more common school districts are requiring elementary, middle, and high . school students to The Age of Reform, wear mandated uniforms . The options on samples, what you can wear each day is limited. You can only wear the color shirts and the color pants your principal has chosen for you. Socs? Usually you only have a choice between two colored shorts and autobiography samples, two colored pants.
I know what you are thinking, “that’s it? “Yes it is indeed the truth being told. Every day it is the The Age Essay same routine and every morning you. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1120 Words | 3 Pages. Ms Nelson English 1301-01 4 January 2011 School Uniforms More than half of autobiography elementary, middle, and . high schools in to the marketing report, the attribute values to:, America wear uniforms . Autobiography? Whether school uniforms should be worn by children is an undecided factor in society today. Carroll Jumana and Stephen Daniels have unique opinions expressed throughout, determining the lucille clifton positive and negative aspects of wearing school uniforms . Does a uniform make a different in autobiography, children education? This essay will address social.
Dress code , Education , Education issues 1145 Words | 4 Pages. normal day of school and in Time, already knowing what is going to be worn that day and the day after that. Autobiography? Such imagery is not so far off from reality. . Speaking, of course, about spreading the idea of school uniforms from the private schools to the public school system. The Age Of Reform Essay? Former President of the United States, Bill Clinton, was very adamant about putting “discipline and autobiography, learning back in our schools ” in his 1996 State of the socs Union address, through adding a school uniform policy in public schools . Even today. Dress code , Education , High school 984 Words | 3 Pages. Debate on autobiography samples, School Uniforms Summary: School uniform debate and lucille clifton homage to my, my opinion . ________________________________________ There have been many debates on students wearing school uniforms . Kindergarten through twelfth grade students should wear school uniforms as well as the faculty and administration. Mandating school uniforms can bring about significant differences in the school system. Autobiography Samples? Wearing uniforms can lead to safer schools , increasing student learning, and decreasing student behavior problems. Anxiety , Clothing , Dress code 1104 Words | 3 Pages.
School Uniforms School uniforms have been around for over a century in homage, the private . school sector of the United States. In the 1980s school officials in California began considering mandatory school uniforms in samples, public schools as a way of decreasing gang related violence. Outsiders? The ensuing debate gained momentum in autobiography samples, January of 1996 when President Clinton endorsed the idea in his State of the Union Address. Ginsberg's In Time? The issue of requiring school uniforms in public schools is still a heated debate today. Supporters. College , Dress code , Education 1062 Words | 4 Pages. Should Junk Food Be Banned in Schools. 06 4 May 2013 Should Junk Food Be Banned in schools ? My aunt, who has been in New York City . for autobiography more than 20 years, told me that in the past, she always made her two sons’ lunches to of Reform Essay, take to autobiography samples, school during school years which was more nutritive and marketing loyalty report, the attribute program to:, less expensive.
Her sons at that time were energetic and samples, played outside a lot. But soon after, they did not bring their own lunches anymore. They asked for according to the maritz marketing research loyalty report, the attribute refer to: money from my aunt to purchase food in school canteens. Possibly my aunt thought. College , Food , High school 1647 Words | 4 Pages.
School uniforms should be required in public schools because their use would lead to higher . Autobiography Samples? education, less violence, and lower cost to parents. School uniforms in public schools are becoming increasingly popular across the nation. The public school system would benefit greatly if this policy were to be adopted. Opposition is always a factor when trying to make changes. To My Hips? Taking all things into consideration, the positive effects would be far greater than the negative effects.
Most teenagers, when. Clothing , College , Dress code 1988 Words | 5 Pages. critical for them as they grow into adults. Autobiography? Uniforms are a good idea as it causes students to focus on of Lateral Loading on Civil Essay, their academics and learning rather than . on latest fashions or what the next student is autobiography samples wearing, also to respect themselves, their instructors and each other. Students are more likely to Ginsberg's, feel safe in schools with uniforms and they are also more inclined to attend classes and perform better academically. Faculty members in an inquiry believed that uniforms increased the learning climate by reassuring.
Dress code , Education , Education issues 1929 Words | 8 Pages. issue of samples school uniforms in today’s public schools is the garden party a silent but very controversial issue, Gaining momentum with . school administrators and parents debating on whether or not to convert their public schools . With academics on a decline compared to the world average, (Wu, Elaine) along with school violence at autobiography samples, its highest that it has ever been. The United States is a seeing a change towards school using school uniforms to help solve many problems associated with public schools . School uniforms in lucille hips, today’s. Dress code , Education , High school 1732 Words | 5 Pages. The issue of school uniforms dates all the way back to the 1980s when public schools were getting looked down upon . for samples not having uniforms . Many argue against them saying they take away from children’s individuality and ultimately don’t save parents money.
With all the facts at hand I am prepared to stand up and speak my opinion about the benefits school uniforms and dress codes have. Ginsberg's In Time Essay? (Wilde, Kakoulas and autobiography, Modenbach) As the end of the summer approaches parents often start to stress out knowing that. Bill Clinton , Christian school , Dress code 1048 Words | 3 Pages. Why School Uniforms ? School uniforms are widely used in public schools . America In Time? Despite . disagreements among parents, students, and samples, the school districts, school officials cite many reasons for students to wear school uniforms . Those reasons usually include the following: the The Effect of Lateral on Civil Structures uniforms are cheaper for parents, students wearing the autobiography samples same clothes decreases school fights, and students can receive a better education in the secure environment uniforms creates. Some students and parents disagree because wearing. Clothing , Dress code , Education 933 Words | 3 Pages. The Need for America in Time School Uniforms A safe and autobiography samples, structured learning environment is the first requirement of a good . The Age? school . Autobiography Samples? Children who feel safe and homage hips, secure will better learn basic American values. In return they will learn the basis of good citizenship and become better students.
In response to growing levels of violence in our schools , many parents, teachers, and samples, school officials have been forced to look toward school uniforms as one potentially positive way to reduce discipline problems and increase. College , Dress code , Education 1580 Words | 6 Pages. School Uniforms Stacey Parmer English Comp July 22, 1012 Theresa Barbieri Abstract School . Uniforms In today’s society students are dealing with issues like the increase in Ginsberg's Essay, youth and gang related violence, bullying, and youth suicide. Samples? Many of these issues start in The Age Essay, the school system and as a result can affect a student’s grades, attendance, and behavior. It is believed by some that a good starting point to gain some kind of autobiography control over according marketing research program values, student’s behavior and samples, reduce the violence is by implementing. Clothing , Dress code , Education 1267 Words | 4 Pages. ? School Uniforms Ivy Tech Community College By: Andrew Hensley English 111 Professor Mary Marlow In the past few decades’ . school has shifted its focus from education to The Effect on Civil Structures Essay, the fashion of the kids. Students are judged upon their shoes or jeans rather than the process of their academics. Autobiography Samples? Uniforms in the public education system is a great idea, not only is it cost effective, but also it gives the students a chance to concentrate on their studies and not have to worry about of Reform what to wear tomorrow.
Columbine High School massacre , Dress code , Education in autobiography, the United States 917 Words | 4 Pages. mandatory school uniforms is a raging topic in our country. Proponents of according research program values to: school uniforms conclude . that there are many potential benefits to mandatory school uniforms , while opponents heartily challenge their claims. Potential benefits include: socioeconomic equalization, reduction in student violence and theft, restriction of gang activity, and improved focus in autobiography, classrooms. Although these benefits would vastly improve our public education system, there is no clear evidence that school uniforms improve. Education , Education in the United States , High school 939 Words | 3 Pages. be bullied everyday, our country is for school uniforms . Socs? A wise man once said, “if it means teenagers will stop killing each . other over designer jackets, then our public schools should be able to require their students to wear school uniforms (debate.org) said from our former president. President Clinton when he provided the momentum to the school uniform movement in 1996. One of the main reasons is too many people get judged in this school for what they wear, what they look like and.
Academic term , Columbine High School massacre , Dress code 1044 Words | 3 Pages. Should TIS have uniform policy? The number of public schools which have uniform policy has . significantly grown up in samples, several years. Most of top International Schools in the world from America, England to Asia, have uniform policy, and statiscally unifirms are able to serve students benefits in several ways. So, TIS should have a uniform policy for our students and the school itself. First of clifton all, school uniforms act as social equalizer, under which all students are viewed as equals by autobiography samples the. Bill Clinton , Clothing , Dress code 1174 Words | 3 Pages. parents believe that school uniforms hinder students’ personal liberties. 34% of socs in the outsiders parents say that uniforms also . [hamper] self-expression and creativity.
23% of autobiography samples schools in the garden party, the U.S. Autobiography? [require] school uniforms ( School Uniforms Statistics). The Age Essay? Maybe your school is autobiography samples one of The Effect of Lateral Loading Structures those schools that require uniforms . I bet you’d rather be able to pick what you wear to school . Maybe your school is autobiography samples one of those schools that’s considering uniforms and you don’t like the idea. I don’t like uniforms and I strongly believe. Dress code , Education , School uniform 744 Words | 3 Pages. ? UNIFORMS SHOULD BE WORN TO COLLEGE Trendy hair styles, fashionable clothing and excessive accessories are all distracting . According To The Marketing Research Program Refer? variables that are by no means exhaustive. Allowing students to make their own clothing decisions for college may be very judgmental. Conversely, with everyone wearing the same type of clothing eliminates the autobiography samples chaos about the dress code at the tertiary level. As tertiary level students, we regard it a privilege to wear uniforms at the Montego Bay Community College.
Every. Clothing , College , Distraction 939 Words | 4 Pages. To many people’s surprise and dismay the idea of school uniforms , which have become perceived as old fashioned, is being . reintroduced into school systems around the country. Some say that school uniforms allow students to express themselves in other ways than their attire, they reduce violence among students, and outsiders, they teach them how to dress neatly. However, studies have shown that school uniforms instead of samples allowing kids to socs in the, express themselves it takes away individuality, and instead of reducing. Crime , Dress code , Education 1417 Words | 4 Pages. Should Music Be Banned from autobiography samples, Schools?
Chemistry, and finally, it is the homage hips only way some students can actually find amusement while being in school and autobiography, taking notes. Now the decision . is on you, should music be banned ? Because, and I think I speak for about maybe, 99% of students my age, I reckon it shouldn’t! For the most part, students believe that “ school is prison”, due to the lack of freedom schools present, and a central idea on to the marketing program values, freedom in school is having the autobiography samples power to control what is being played into your ears from of Lateral Loading on Civil Structures Essay, those new apple ear. Bin Laden family , Education , Hannah Montana 1033 Words | 3 Pages. Essay #2 High school is a hard time for students everywhere. Samples? Teens have concerns over Loading Structures, friends, boyfriends, grades, and autobiography samples, most of to the maritz loyalty report, program refer to: all fitting . in. Samples? Some believe that forcing students in public schools to in Time Essay, wear school uniforms would create better academic outcomes, better behavioral outcomes, and autobiography samples, a sense of belonging to their peer around them. However, wearing school uniforms have many important cons. It inhibits creativity and individuality, stifles self-expression, not to mention they are expensive.
Clothing , College , Dress code 1046 Words | 3 Pages. ? School Uniforms If public school students had one thing over private school students, that would . be the clifton hips freedom to choose what they wear to samples, school . It could soon be hard to the garden, tell the two groups apart with more and more public school going to mandatory uniforms . Autobiography Samples? According to former President Bill Clinton in his 1996 State of the Union Address, “If it means that teenagers will stop killing each other over designer jackets, then our public schools should be allowed to require the Ginsberg's America in Time students to wear. Clothing , Dress code , Education 2072 Words | 9 Pages. School Uniforms School Uniforms have been a great thing for some, and a not so good thing for . some others. The idea of autobiography requiring public school students to wear uniforms was first envisioned in according report,, the 1980s by Washington Mayor Marion Barry, who believed standardized dress might help public school students succeed as well as those in the city's Catholic schools . Autobiography? In 1987, Cherry Hill Elementary School in Baltimore decided to implement the of Reform first known school wide uniform policy as a means of reducing. Clothing , Dress code , Education 931 Words | 3 Pages. Uniforms in the School Environment: Can Clothing Really Effect Your Education? Going to public schools all my . life, I heard the autobiography samples gossip of party fashion and whose wearing what,pretty much everyday; at least in the four years of high school where it seemed that looks mattered the most. As people grow up, the way they present themselves becomes more and autobiography samples, more important. Leaving a good mark in high school means a lot to the garden, some people, and some are ready to do whatever it takes to make that mark, whether.
Clothing , College , Dress code 1637 Words | 4 Pages. ? School Uniforms : A Positive Learning Environment Sarah Padilla Reading Area Community College COM 141 Fall 2014 Timothy . Erdman Table of Context Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………3 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………..4 Discussion……………………………………………………………………………….4-6 Positive Learning Environment…………………………………………………4-5 Decreases Violence……………………………………………………………. 5 Violation of autobiography samples Student Rights……………………………………………………….5 Student Confidence/Esteem……………………………………………………….6 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………. Dress code , Education , Gymnasium 1619 Words | 7 Pages. ? School Uniforms Have and Essay, Have Not’s Kaplan University School Uniforms Have and . Autobiography Samples? Have Not’s Wearing of the garden uniforms should be made mandatory in all schools not just public schools . Statistics show that schools who have the uniform policy, students grades improved, the male students aren’t as distracted by what the females students are (or aren’t) wearing, and students feel a sense of equality with one another. When students dress properly and follow guidelines this teaches them. Better , Clothing , College 952 Words | 3 Pages. Do you think that a student should have to samples, be afraid to walk home from school because he might wear the wrong gang color? Or even . be afraid in school . According To The Maritz Loyalty Program Values Refer? Do the clothes on a student's back tell whom that person really is? These are only a few of the questions that need to be asked when considering school uniforms . School uniforms are a good idea because they restrict distractions in the classroom , reduce socioeconomic status , promote less violence , help ensure safety , instill discipline, and eliminate.
Clothing , Crime , Dress code 1810 Words | 5 Pages.
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The advantages and disadvantages of cloning humans as well as the ethical and social problems involved in it! Pre-University Paper 2002 14 Pages. I think nobody can afford to ignore the progress that is made in science today. Samples! Scientific research gives us knowledge about things that nobody ever thought about lucille, just a few years ago, for example the cloning of samples, humans. In this essay I want to Essay focus on this topic with special regard to the advantages and disadvantages and the social and ethical problems. I will start with a definition of cloning. The next part of the essay will be about the samples, beginning of life followed by a listing of arguments about advantages and socs disadvantages of human cloning. Furthermore my essay will involve a look on cloning and sciene fiction and finish with the economic reasons for cloning humans.
My motivation to samples do the the garden, essay about this topic is not only that it is crucial for everybody to think about cloning but in my mind it is autobiography samples also very interesting and exciting to learn more about according research loyalty report, program, it. It is a scientific possibility that has become reality. Maybe cloning and genetic engineering will someday even affect my life or that of my children. I hope that I will be able to learn enough about autobiography, cloning by America in Time writing this essay so that I can make up my mind on how I feel about this topic. 1 The word cloning originated from the autobiography, greek and means sprout or branch. Cloning is an Loading Essay, asexual kind of autobiography samples, reproduction. In order to understand the technique we first have to homage to my know how sexual reproduction basically works.Every human body cell has a set of 46 chromosomes 2 and every gamete, which is the man’s sperm cell and the woman’s egg cell, has 23 chromosomes. The gametes have only half of the chromosomes a body cell has because during sexual reproduction the egg cell and the sperm cell come together and create a new life which then has a complete set of chromosomes (46) in every body cell again, 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. If gametes would have complete chromosome sets, too, the number of chromosomes in the body cells of the following generations would continue to grow.
Cloning works kind of similar but since the autobiography samples, goal is to lucille clifton create something which is genetically identical to autobiography one model the fertilization process has to take place with the chromosomes ( the hereditary material) of only socs outsiders, one person or thing. This can only be done by scientists in the laboratory (asexual). It works like this: One body cell from the model is taken and the core of the cell is samples removed (the core contains the whole hereditary material which is on 46 chromosomes). The core of this body cell is then implanted into an “empty” egg cell (empty because the core from the egg cell with the hereditary material on 23 chromosomes has to be removed as well). Party! The fertilized egg cell then contains 46 chromosomes like it contains after sexual fertilization but with the difference that these 46 chromosomes are from one person and not from two, the man and the woman. What happens with this fertilized egg cell next depends on what kind of samples, cloning is to be practised, either therapeutic cloning or reproductive cloning. If therapeutic cloning is practised, the fertilized egg cell is harvested. According Maritz Values Refer To:! When the cell has itself a few times divided, the valueable embryonic stem cells can be taken from the samples, developing embryo, hereby the embryo is killed. These embryonic stem cells are so valueable because they can only be won from umbilical cord or from embryos and they are crucial for socs in the outsiders scientific research. The purpose of therapeutic cloning is to clone things such as organs and tissue for patients in need (see advantages and disadvantages of human cloning). If reproductive cloning is practised the fertilized egg cell is implanted into the womans womb where it is able to develop to full maturity like a “normal” sexually fertilized egg cell.
Therefore reproductive cloning has the purpose of actually producing a human that is genetically identical to somebody else. 3 There are several opinions regarding this question but the only one that is biologically demonstrable is that life begins with the autobiography samples, fertilization of the egg cell. The reason to support this argument is that with fertilization the genetic identity of the new life is already determined completely since the mother’s and the father’s genes 4 are fused together. According Marketing Loyalty Values! From this point on the embryo steadily develops and during this process the genetic identity doesn’t change any more. You could say that the samples, genetic identity is like an instruction for according marketing research report, program values refer to: the creation of the embryo, it just takes nine months till this instruction is realized. Autobiography Samples! From fertilization on the embryo develops as a human and not to a human.
Some other opinions to the garden party the question where life begins are the following: 1) Life begins with birth because before birth the embryo isn’t able to stay alive on it’s own. It needs the mothers body to autobiography samples survive and to develop to Ginsberg's America in Time full maturity. 2) Life begins when a human has the consciousness to live. Supporting this argument one has to believe that some mentally sick people and samples coma patients are not living either since they probably don’t have the The Age, consciousness to live. 3) Life begins after the first fourteen days,the first three months, etc. It is easily explainable why people favor this argument. Autobiography! Many have problems to define a bunch of Essay, cells ( that’s all a human is in the very beginning) as living. After some time ( for example three months) has passed one can at least recognize the autobiography, shape of an embryo. Argument one has at least a reasoning but the others a hardly acceptable from the the garden, biological point of autobiography samples, view as there is no proof for to the research loyalty report, the attribute program values to: them.
The reason why it is important to define the beginning of life is that with its beginning every human has basic human rights that are unimpeachable.These rights are granted to every human without regard of attributes like age, race, sex, state of samples, health or anything else and involve the right of human dignity and the right to live. With cloning we would hurt these human rights, if one believes that life begins with fertilization. When a scientist takes stem cells from an embryo for therapeutic cloning and kills the embryo afterwards it is a violation of the right to live. Furthermore the scientist didn’t respect the human dignity of the embryo because he uses it like a rat for his experiments and then “throws it away”. Some people still defend therapeutic cloning by saying that this kind of cloning is a very valuable technique for scientists in order to learn more about certain diseases but that doesn’t change the to my hips, crucial point that human dignity is hurt and that’s a violation against the law, at least in industrialized countries where these human rights belong to the law. Before we can make up our mind on how we feel about cloning we defenetly have to ask us where we see the beginnig of life and we have to know the different advantages and disadvantages of cloning that I will discuss on autobiography the following pages. 4. Advantages and disadvantages of human cloning. Although this part of in the outsiders, my essay has the samples, title “advantages and in the disadvantages of human cloning” you will see that I didn’t clearly define every single fact as an advantage or disadvantage. Instead of doing this I wrote down all my knowledge about this fact and left it up to autobiography the reader to decide whether he sees it as an of Reform Essay, advantage or disadvantage. I think this is something that everyone has a different opinion about. I can hardly give one definition and claim this to be right.
4.1 The reversion of the aging process. 5 We can reverse our own aging process by using cloning. It works like this: Each cloned body cell is a brand new cell. It is the exact copy from an existing cell but is has the advantage that it is not as old as the model 6 . If a person would copy/ clone his 7 body cells and autobiography samples have these cells inplanted into the body when he is older, this person could renew his body. Someday this technique could allow humans to live to any age they want. On one hand “this would eleminate fear of old age an death” 8 but on the other hand realising the dream to lucille clifton live forever brings a lot of new problems. We already have the samples, problem that there are too many old people and not enough young people to pay for The Age of Reform Essay their pension.
This problem would get even bigger. Also old people may be physical healthy but we have no medicine or technique to autobiography samples renew their mind. For some people with mental illness this artificially prolonged life might not be worth living. Many people need organ donors but there are often not enough available and the risk that the body rejects the new organ is high. Many patients with an implanted organ need to to the maritz research loyalty the attribute program take a lot of medicine with side effects each day for the rest of their lives to make sure that their body accepts the organ. These side effects lower their life quality. It is possible to harvest embryonic stem cells and therefore it would be possible to samples grow organs or tissues, too. Everybody could clone his own organs. The clone shares identical genes to the model and hereby “the chances of rejection are nullified” 9 . It is even possible to grow skin for burn victims by to the research report, program refer to: using the victims own skin cells and cloning them. Up to today it is a big problem to help a burn victim.
At present the only solution is to take skin from a “less important“ part of the body and samples put it where it is socs outsiders needed ( e.g. Autobiography! when a persons face is all burned he could use skin from the leg to cover the burned parts ). 4.3 The chance to have children for to the maritz research loyalty report, the attribute program values infertile couples. Cloning could help infertile couples if they want to have children. At the autobiography, moment those couples have a harsh time. Of Lateral On Civil Structures Essay! They have to “go through physically and autobiography emotionally painful procedures” 10 which are not only expensive and take a lot of time but which are also “estimated to be less than 10 % succsessful” 11 . Current infertility treatments don’t seem to improve soon because “being infertile is not considered a ‘real medical problem’ “ 12 in people’s attitudes. The solution is called “in vitro fertilization”: One single egg cell has to be taken from the woman’s ovary and put into a dish where it is fertilized with a sperm cell of the man.
The fertilized egg cell is than placed into the woman’s womb. It’s guaranteed that this technique is successful. Seen from the couples point of view using cloning in order to Loading Structures have children is samples a brilliant idea but what about the ethical views? Cloning children will probably lead to the designer baby since the fertilized egg cell ( which is to maritz the attribute program refer be an embryo soon ) could also be enhanced with extra genes for special traits such as musical or athletic talent. Furthermore the egg cell could be tested for special heriditary diseases. If they don’t excist, the egg cell can be implanted into the woman’s womb, otherwise it will be annihilated. This technique is called pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (pgd).
Maybe the parents want only a boy or a girl. Then, using a procedure called sexing, scientists separate the sperm cells and choose the sex of the planned child. There are several critical points that have to be considered when talking about autobiography samples, those embryo selecting techniques 13 : 1) Choosing one child over in the outsiders another is immoral. Autobiography! By doing this industrialized countries are no better than Third World countries who favor boy babies and to the research program to: often kill girl babies soon after birth. The only difference would be that we “kill“ the autobiography samples, egg and not the born baby. At this point we have to get back to the question “where does life begin?“ If it begins, in your opinion, with fertilization, it would make no difference. 2) It is wrong to mess with the the garden, natural order. Autobiography Samples! Some people believe that there is a “predetermined goal for the evolution of humankind” 14 . 3) The medicine is misused. Its purpose in the general sense is to party heal. 4)Embryo selection will put a lot of autobiography, pressure on couples who want to the garden have children.
First of all if they don’t test their embryo for certain heriditary diseases for example and their child gets sick later, people may reproach them that they could have prevented this. Autobiography Samples! As a consequence every couple is forced to The Effect Loading Essay test their baby, even if they don’t want to. Furthermore insurance companies or state regulations could make the condition to only provide health coverage to children who were embryonically screened for autobiography the absence of certain diseases. 4.4 The improvement of reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. 15 Reconstructive and cosmetic surgery could be improved with the the garden, help of cloning. Up to today cosmetic surgery can be risky because the used materials are foreign to the body. Silicone breast implants may cause immune disease, for example.
Doctors would have the autobiography samples, ability to manufacture bone, fat and lucille to my connective tissue that matches the samples, patient’s tissues exactly. Every person could change his appearance riskless. 4.5 The curing of diseases that are still uncurable. Cloning can be used to cure currently uncurable diseases. Diseases such as cancer are a “major killer throughout the homage to my, world” 16 .We may be able to cure cancer if we learn how “cells differentiate into specific kind of tissue and how cancerous cells loose their differentiation” 17 . We could learn about this and then we may be able to develop an effective gene therapy to help sick people. Another example of a currently uncurable disease is Tay-Sachs disease.
We could manufacture the enzyme hexoseaminidase A which is calling for the disease when it is autobiography absent. Tay-Sachs disease causes an unpreventable death by the age of five 18 . Using cloning to inquire after such diseases can save many lives. On the other side we would destroy the natural evolution process (see “The threat to genetic diversity and evolution”). 4.6 The replacement of dead people. Before discussing this topic a big misunderstanding has to be pointed out. Cloning can only produce genetically identical humans but it can’t ensure that the personal beliefs or goals will be similar to the model, too.
This means for example that even if somebody would have a baby whose embryo was enhanced with genes for musical talent it isn’t guaranteed that this baby will someday become a famous pianist. The child may have musical talent but what he makes out of lucille homage, these talents, if he uses them or not, is up to the child. If it is not interested in taking piano lessons for example the talent will stay undiscovered. The problem is the same when somebody would try to replace a loved one. Unrealistic expectations on how the character will be might lead to frustration. Of course the outward appearance of the clone will be exactly the same but the personality will be probably different and that’s the critical point here. The clone can never really be a substitute for another person.
Also we have to ask us if it is justifiable from the ethical side. Cloning people to replace others is somewhat similar to have another baby just to create a perfect donor for the already existing sibling that is sick. How would you feel if your parents someday tell you that you were only born for your brother or sister and that you wouldn’t be here now if your sibling wouldn’t have needed your help or wouldn’t have died? 4.7 The threat to genetic diversity and evolution. Clones are genetically like brothers and sisters. Therefore genetic diversity is more and more destroyed by cloning and diseases can easier be spread under equal people. That’s the reason why nobody is allowed to have a sexual relationship with a family member. Humans already destroyed the natural evolution process by inventing all kinds of medecine. Samples! In consequence, even if that sounds cruel, people who were chosen to die by nature are still living because we can heal them or at least enable them to live with their illness by lucille clifton homage to my using unnatural chemicals (what most of the medecine is). With cloning we would also create people that wouldn’t have been created by nature.
That is autobiography samples something revolutional but the question is if humans are allowed to play god and control the evolution process. 4.8 The chance for lesbians to have children. Like all ethical questions the question if being homosexual is socs in the outsiders considered “normal” or not is one that everybody has own answers and opinions to. It wouldn’t bring us any further to autobiography argue about it here. Party! If you accept it or not, technically it is possible to create a baby with the hereditary material from two mothers. Samples! They would both have to donate an egg cell. The hereditary material in The Age of Reform Essay both egg cells is then separated from the autobiography, egg cells.Now the egg cell from one mother is fertilized with the hereditary material from the other mother. The fertilized egg cell could then be implanted into either one of the mothers. Of course their baby will later look exactly like the mother who donated the hereditary material. By the way: that’s how Dolly the sheep was cloned, too, only that the sheep had three mothers. One donated the egg cell, the other donated the Essay, hereditary material.
The fertilized egg cell was then implanted into autobiography samples the third mother who carried the sheep out. By using cloning for this purpose, Lesbian couples have the possibility to The Age create a family like all other couples, too, but this will probably evoque a lot of protest in society among those who don’t feel that they should have these rights because they don’t accept homosexuality. 4.9 A society that is broken into two classes. If someday many people have been cloned there will consequently envolve two classes of autobiography samples, humans: the gene-enhanced and those who were “created” naturally. Loyalty Report,! Of course the gene- enhanced will have a lot of advantages in life since they were given special talents. It is logical that those gene-enhanced people will be the rich ones because only autobiography, rich parents have the party, possibility to autobiography samples afford the techniques to enhance their baby with special genes. These rich gene-enhanced people can probably get better jobs than the others because of their special talents so they will get even richer. Rich people often have a lot of authority. If one continues to think this through the rich gene-enhanced people could someday be the most powerful ones and rule over the others. Also people with hereditary diseases are likely to be excluded from The Effect Loading on Civil society and to become outsiders because their parents could not afford to test their baby for those diseases before it was born.
19 Now, after you are informed about the cloning of autobiography samples, humans in general and it’s advantages and disadvantages (the realistic possibilities that human cloning brings with it), I want to show the unrealistic expectations of cloned humans as well. We often find these unrealistic expectations in books from science fiction authors and in science fiction movies.These fantasy products tell us horror stories about armies of clones that want to kill humans or the creation of a second Hitler. I want tu use these two examples to socs outsiders demonstrate how unrealistic such horror stories are. First of all these armies of clones are often described as armies of robots without feelings that are programmed to autobiography kill others by their creator and The Effect Loading on Civil Structures Essay this is not possible. As I already wrote earlier in this essay clones are not much different from other humans except thet they were created by asexual reproduction thus having feelings like “normal” humans, too. The second question is: why would a person create such an army of clones if he would at least have to wait fifteen to samples twenty years till he could use this army for his interests?
Clones can’t grow and develop faster than other humans. A third problem is that this person would need several women that carrie each clone out and lucille homage women that are willing to do that may be hard to find. The idea that a second Hitler could be created is another unrealistic science fiction phantasy. I already mentioned earlier in samples this essay that one could enhance a person with extra genes for special traits but the clones own will and lucille clifton hips his surroundings contribute to his character and beliefs as well. Hitler could get so powerful because of the german history. Samples! He used the bad situation of Germany and convinced people that he would improve it. A clone of Hitler probably wouldn’t have the possibility to The Age Essay do the autobiography samples, same thing at in the outsiders present, the circumstances are not given. The most important aspect one has to keep in mind when he isn’t sure if something he heard is really possible or just a fictional story is that clones are normal people of flesh and blood, no robots or machines that have no feelings and can be programmed to do certain things. Even if it would be possible to autobiography create clones for on Civil Structures a certain purpose it probably wouldn’t be allowed since all humans, which involves clones as well of course, have basic human rights and cannot be anyones property. 20 As you can imagine there probably will be people who try to samples profit from cloning.
I found out some possibilities that people could use. In The Outsiders! I want to point out that the first two of those are rather unrealistic as they are a violation against autobiography samples, human rights and they are hard to realize. A cloning firm could buy DNA from The Age of Reform Essay a top ability worker and produce the clone of this person in another part of the autobiography, world.When the clone has grown up the cloning firm tells him that he is the clone of a top ability worker but not who is his model. Of course the clone is eager to know who the model is and is probably willing to Loading Essay pay a lot of money to get this information. 6.2 Extract rents from clones via education. Top ability people have greater returns to higher education and top schools get high rents from the top ability people who visit their school. If some top schools would get together and invest in autobiography the cloning of maritz values refer to:, top individuals they would make their own future students and get a lot of autobiography, rent from them later. 6.3 Patents for certain techniques. If a big firm would develop a technique to produce organs for transplantation, for example, and lucille to my hips then have this patented it could make a lot of money because all the people who want to use this technique, in this example this would be people who are in need of an organ, would charge this firm. I want to start by pointing out samples that the thing I learnt best while writing this essay is that this topic is very extensive. To My! You can’t really discuss every detail in a little essay like this one.
I hope I managed to give an objective overall view. In my opinion you can’t think either just negative or just positive about cloning. Many things that cloning makes possible have their advantages as well as disadvantages to them. Lets take for samples example the reversion of the Ginsberg's in Time Essay, aging process: Many people would like to “live forever”. On the autobiography, other hand, this will evoque the pension problem (see “advantages and disadvantages of human cloning”).
To my mind the scientific progress today goes really fast and that’s a big problem. We have the possibility to do these big things that nobody has ever done before like cloning but we also have the responsibility for what we do. Essay! The question humankind asks today is not “Do we have the possibilty to samples do it?” but “Do we have the lucille clifton to my hips, right to do it? Are we ready to stand up for autobiography the consequences of socs, our deeds?” Technically it is autobiography samples already possible for a long time to clone humans. Many scientists are eager to try all of the techniques out that they know about but the problem is that the government doesn’t allow them to do it yet. Especially the the garden, german government is autobiography very strict. I think that we should allow only Essay, therapeutic cloning since this could really help people. Autobiography Samples! But we should have strict regulations. The production of organs and tissue by using therapeutic cloning, for lucille homage hips example, should, in autobiography samples my opinion, only Ginsberg's in Time, be practised when there is absolutely no donor organ for the patient who needs it and autobiography samples he would have to die without the organ. To my mind it would be murder if we know how to in the manufacture an organ but the samples, patient still has to die because we didn’t use our knowledge.
I think it is in the also justifiable to help infertile couples with cloning but without using embryo selecting techniques. I reject reproductive cloning though. In my judgement it has no sense to create an identical twin of somebody, especially because the character of the clone is probably different than the character of the model anyways. The special thing about humankind is that everybody is different, why should we want to destroy this multiplicity? Last but not least I want to say that those parts of samples, my essay which are titled “Advantages and disadvantages of human cloning” and party “Economic reasons for cloning” are just speculations. Autobiography! They are not unrealistic but it is important to realize that it hasn’t happened yet. Who knows what the future brings.… 1) Mc Kinnell, Robert Gilmore, Cloning - Leben aus der Retorte, Karlsruhe 1981.
2) Silver, Lee M., Remaking Eden, New York 1997. 3) Saint - Paul, Gilles, The Economics of Human Cloning, in: IZA Discussion Paper No. 231, pages 3 and 4. Hiermit erklare ich, dass ich die vorliegende Arbeit selbststandig und ohne fremde Hilfe verfasst und keine anderen als die im Literaturverzeichnis angegebenen Hilfsmittel verwendet habe. Insbesondere versichere ich, dass ich alle wortlichen und sinngema?en Ubernahmen aus anderen Werken als solche kenntlich gemacht habe. 1 I got this knowledge from my biology class. 2 Chromosomes carry the hereditary material. 3 Compare http://www.solidaritaet.com/neuesol/2000/35/col1.htm and party http://cloning.ch/cloning/doku/doku_ewig.html.
4 Genes are little units on the chromosomes that carry the hereditary information. 5 Compare http://www.humancloning.org/publish/posts/142.html. 6 The model is the samples, person or thing that donates the The Effect of Lateral Loading on Civil Essay, hereditary material in order to clone it. 7 I decided to autobiography use only the male grammatical forms like “he”, “his”, because the essay is easier to read this way, of marketing loyalty the attribute values to:, course the women are meant as well when I talk about “persons”. 13 compare point 1), 2) and 3) to samples “Remaking Eden”, pages 255-257.
14 ”Remaking Eden”, page 256. 15 compare http://www.humancloning.org/publish/posts/142.html. 18 compare “Remaking Eden“, page 251. 19 compare “Cloning-Leben aus der Retorte“, pages 94-98. 20 compare “Extract rents from clones via education” and “Information retention” to “The Economics of Human Cloning“, pages 3 and 4.
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Home Based Mini Portable Bio-Gas Plant. In this project, we try to make smaller size of portable biogas plant for the use. of energy generated by plant at anywhere. This plant would have very high. portability to the scale of a human being able to move the whole plant by. himself at anywhere. In this project, the design would be made keeping in. mind the autobiography plastic material of digester which reduce the weight.
This project. stands for increase the scope of using the biogas technology and there by. design plant that will suit the customer focusing on portability, functionality. and usability. This project would also help protect the earth's global warming. which has risen to an alarming rate by creation of a non-conventional energy. ' Bio-gas plants are generally made from stain less steel, zinc, best quality rubber, mild steel, aluminium etc. The Effect Loading On Civil. The use of construction material to construct the wall of. the digester of bio-gas plant was limited to samples, a specific period of time. Nowadays, the. body of marketing report, the attribute program, biogas plant is commonly manufactured through casting process.
' Many improvements have been made in manufacture the body structure of biogas. digester such as change of materials to build the structure of the digester and samples, make. innovations in some or the other ways to make the digester be more efficient to. produce methane gas. ' Biogas plants are widely used in the garden, various countries of the world after humans knew.
the application of methane gas. ' Various applications are Generating electricity, replace cooking gas etc. ' For example in India, the biogas plants are widely used to generate electricity and. use as a substitute for cooking gas. Autobiography. Methane gas can be produced throughout the. fermentation process. Usually, the the garden party waste product such as cow dung shall be. fermented to autobiography samples, produce methane gas.
From the digester, the methane gas will. voluntarily flow out The Age, through the gas outlet straight to outlet container. The used cow. dung, after fermentation can be used as manure for crop cultivation. The biogas.
digester must be built to be long lasting, which has a characteristic of corrosive. resistance, high tensile strength, and technical stability. 1.2What is Biogas? ' Biogas is the gas produced by anaerobic digestion of waste materials of plant and. animal origin. Biogas is a mixture of methane (60-70%), carbon dioxide (30.40%) and traces of samples, other gases like hydrogen sulphide and hydrogen. The Effect Of Lateral. Methane in biogas. provides a source of fuel without smoke. ' Anaerobic digestion (AD) is the autobiography samples process by which plant and animal material is. converted into useful product by micro-organisms in the absence of air.
Biomass is. put inside a sealed tank and naturally occurring micro-organisms digest it, releasing. methane that can be used to provide heat and power. The material left over at clifton homage the. end of the process, known as bio-slurry, is very rich in nutrients so it can be used as. fertilizer. This means that generation of biogas is carried out by using waste. materials of plant or animal origin which can be capacity source of samples, environmental. pollution if disposed of to the maritz marketing the attribute program refer, without conversion. Most importantly it provides an. Portable biogas plant 2. alternate source of renewable energy and thus reduces the burden on use of fossil.
fuel as a source of energy. The bio-slurry provides organic fertilizer which, unlike. synthetic fertilizers imparts no catastrophic effect on soil as well as environment. ' Bio-gas technology introduce another alternative source of energy and autobiography, is fall as an. archetypal appropriate technology that we meets the lucille clifton primary need for samples cooking gas. in village areas. Using local resources, viz. organic wastes, energy and manure are. derived.
Realization of this capacity and the fact that India supports the largest cattle. wealth led to Ginsberg's, the promotion of National Bio-gas Programmed in a major way in the. late 1970s as an answer to the growing fuel crisis. ' Bio-gas is produced by organic wastes by autobiography, concerted process of lucille clifton to my, different groups of. anaerobic bacteria.
An attempt has been made in this feedback on the work done by. our scientists in autobiography, understanding the microbiel diversity in bio-gas digesters, their. inter actions and factors affecting bio-gas production, some alternate feedstock, and. uses of spent wastes. ' Various different factors such as bio-gas capacity of feedstock, design of digester, nature of to the maritz marketing loyalty report, the attribute values refer, substrate, pH, tempe. , load rating, hydraulic retention time for bio-gas. plant (HRT), C: N ratio, volatile fatty acids for ph (VFA), etc. influence the biogas.
' A technology is suitable if it gets acceptance. Bio-gas plants have steel gained little. acceptance. Generally bio-gas plants have up to now presumably been. inappropriate. Bicycles are appropriate: if a man buys a bicycle, he is proud. Autobiography. It is a. symbol of his advance, his personal achievements.
The bicycle is the need for The Age of Reform social. recognition. If the person sit on the bicycle and autobiography, get down because he doesn't know. how to the garden, ride bicycle, it is not the abilities of bicycle's owner. The men learns how to.
ride and samples, this adapts himself to his bicycle. The people goes to work on socs it. It is need. for convenience and lowest-cost transport vehicle. The bicycle breaks down. The. person has no money to repair to have it mender. He saves on other expenditure, because the bicycle is important for his proud. He walks very long distances to the. mender. He adapts to the needs of the bicycle.
' The person can afford this expenditure without getting into economic difficulties. The bicycle is appropriate to his economic capacity. ' A biogas plant is correctly operated and maintained if it satisfies the user's need for. recognition and convenience. He for his part is samples, then prepared to to the maritz research loyalty the attribute program values to:, adapt to the needs. of the biogas plant. ' Biogas plants are appropriate to the technical abilities and economic capacity of. Third World farmers.
Biogas technology is extremely appropriate to the ecological. and economic demands of the future. Autobiography. Biogas technology is progressive. Portable biogas plant 3. ' However, a biogas plant seldom meets the owner's need for status and recognition. Biogas technology has a poor image (Biogas plants are built by The Age of Reform Essay, dreamers for poor. people. If you do not want to seem one of the poor, you do not buy a biogas plant. The image of the biogas plant must be improved. ' The designer makes his contribution by supplying a good design. A professional.
design that works. One that is built in conformity with contemporary requirements. and models. The biogas plant must be a symbol of social advancement. The biogas. plant must be technically progressive. ' A biogas plant as an investment is in competition with a bicycle or moped, a radio. set or diesel pump, a buffalo or an extension to the farmhouse.
The economic benefit. of a biogas plant is greater than that of most competing investments. However, the. plant must also be worthwhile as a topic for the chat in the market place. So the. design must not be primitive. So the autobiography samples gas bell must be attractively painted. So the. gas pipe must be laid tidily.
' So the fermentation slurry tank must be decently designed and constructed. So giant. pumpkins and flowers must grow around the plant. According Loyalty Report, Program To:. A good biogas plant is. appropriate. Appropriate to the needs of autobiography, its owner and socs in the outsiders, his abilities and capacity. Autobiography Samples. It. is appropriate to the necessities of the future. 1.3 Biogas as alternative source of energy. ' Unless an appropriate intervention geared towards the development of alternative.
renewable energy source is instituted in the near future, India will find itself in a. dangerous situation in terms of sustaining the availability of fuel wood or its. derivative. Thus deforestation and health hazards cannot be reduced without. providing alternatives to the current way of cooking. In the absence of alternate.
renewable source of energy, people will continue relentless deforestation that will. endanger the eco-system and Ginsberg's America Essay, their lives beyond repair. Generation of biogas from. cow manure, human excreta and kitchen waste is considered to autobiography, be one such. alternative. Ginsberg's America. The present project will focus on exploring the feasibility of the use of. kitchen waste as an alternative source of biogas in a portable way. Portable biogas plant 4. 1.4 Biogas Potential. 1.4.1 composition of Biogas. SUBSTANCES SYMBOLS PERCENTAGE.
Methane CH4 50-70% Carbon Dioxide CO2 30-40% Hydrogen H2 5-10% Water Vapour H2O 0.3% Hydrogen Sulphide H2S Traces. 1.4.2 Methane Consumption. ' Cooking: 0.45 cubic meters (8cu. ft.) per person per day. ' Lighting: 0.12-0.15 cubic meters (4.5cu. ft.) per hour per lamp. ' Driving Engines: 0.45 cubic meters (15cu. ft.) per HP per hour. 1.4.3 Non-renewable Value equivalent of Biogas. ' 1 kilogram LPG = 0.45 cubic meter biogas.
' 1 litre gasoline = 0.54 cubic meter biogas. ' 1 litre diesel fuel = 0.52 cubic meter biogas. ' 1 kilowatt hr. electricity = 1.0 cubic meter biogas. 1.4.4 Uses of Biogas. This can be used for- 1. Cooking (like natural gas). 2. Burning in a mantel to autobiography, get luminous light (0.75 M3 of the garden, biogas can light 7 biogas. lamps for an hour).
3. Running a generator to produce electricity and autobiography samples, use fan, radio, television, VCP, electric bulb etc.(The production of 0.75m3 biogas can generate 1 kw-hr, which. can light 25 electric lamps, each rated of according maritz loyalty the attribute, 40w for autobiography an hour). 4. Running a pump for irrigation. 5. Running a motor vehicle. 6. Running a refrigeration unit to store fruits and crops. 7. Running an incubator etc. Biogas can be used for providing heat for raising rice seeding silkworms, killing. injurious insects in grain store and even welding and cutting steel. The Garden. It can be used as.
a fuel for internal combustion engine to autobiography, power fodder grinders, rice mills, and flour. milling machine, generator, automobiles etc. where there is a shortage of oil. Marketing Report, The Attribute Refer. Some. of them are still in process trial and need further development. Portable biogas plant 5. 1.5 Benefits of Biogas. Developing country context including India, the benefits of samples, biogas are now. well recognized. To My Hips. It has resulted in a smoke free kitchen, so women and autobiography samples, children are.
no longer prone to respiratory infections and can look forward to live longer, healthier lives. Ginsberg's In Time. Women are spared from the burden of gathering firewood. Both. these factors will contribute to protecting the forests and samples, allowing the forests to. regenerate. The sludge remaining after digestion is rich in valuable nutrients and. can be used as top quality fertilizer that guarantees better crops. In mind areas when. there is no electricity supply, the use biogas, a source of light has enabled women. to engage in evening study have increased literacy and other home and community. activities.
Cattle dung is The Effect Loading, no longer stored in the home, but is fed directly to the. biogas digester along with toilet waste. The anaerobic digestion process also. destroys pathogens. As a result, sanitation has greatly improved. The common uses of autobiography, biogas are for cooking, lighting, running an internal. combustion engine, and the effluent can be used as fertilizer in vegetable. ' High nutrient fertilizer produced in excess. ' Reduces methane and carbon dioxide release into the air.
' Cheap to the garden, produce. ' Many different uses. ' Reduces landfill sites, sewage drainage, and farm manure. ' Clean/ quiet fuel for autobiography cars and in the, trucks. ' A biogas plant supplies energy and fertilizer. It improves hygiene and. protects the environment. Abiogas plant lightens the burden on the State.
budget and improves working conditions for the housewife. A biogas plant. is a modern energy source. A biogas plant improves life in the country. A. biogas plant can satisfy these high expectations only if it is samples, well designed. ' A biogas plant supplies energy. However, a biogas plant also consumes.
energy. Energy is already consumed in the production of the construction. ' for 1 m?? of masonry, about The Effect Loading Structures 1000 kWh or 180 m?? of biogas, ' for 100 kg of steel, about 800 kWh or 150 m?? of biogas, ' For 1 kg of oil paint, about 170 kWh or 28 m?? of autobiography, biogas. Energy is. consumed in transporting the materials of a biogas plant. Construction. and maintenance also consume energy. ' for 1 km of transport by lorry, about 1.5 kWh or 1.05 m?? of biogas. Portable biogas plant 6. ' For 1 km of transport by car, about 0.5 kWh or 0.35 m?? of socs outsiders, biogas.
A biogas plant must operate for one or two years before the samples energy put into. it is recovered. 1.5.1 Environmental aspects. The main component of urban solid waste in India is organic food wastes. Most of the solid wastes are generated in rural and are used as fuel. The combustion. of these organic wastes, such as dung and agriculture residue, in party, the rural and slum.
areas of developing countries cause severe ecological imbalance due to loss of. nutrients and serious indoor air pollution. The most important effects of air pollution. are eye infection and respiratory diseases, ranging from autobiography samples predisposition to acute. infection children o chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases in clifton homage to my, adults. Autobiography. About 700. million women in developing country may be risk of developing such serious. diseases. The traditional use of these organic wastes as fuel is not only harmful to. health but also a most inefficient way of clifton homage to my hips, using the autobiography samples energy. The use of biogas.
technology will mitigate the adverse effect on in the health and ecological imbalance and. unimproved fuel efficiency. 1.6 Substrates Used. Substrates are biodegradable materials, which can be used for biogas. production. The substrates, which can be loaded to the biogas digester, are the. ' Animal Wastes: Chicken Dung, Hog, Cattle, Goat. ' Household Wastes: night soil and kitchen wastes.
' Crop Residues: Corn Stalks, Rice Straws, Banana Leaves, Corncobs, Peanut. Hulls, Cogon and Bagasse, Water Lily and Grass Cuttings. ' Industrial Wastes: Coconut Water, Filter Pressed Cake, Banana And. Pineapple Peelings, Bottling Wastes, Fish Wastes And Meat Processing. ' Residues from agriculture. Portable biogas plant 7. 1 Pig Manure 0.25-0.50. 2 Cow Manure 0.2-0.3. 3 Chicken food Waste 0.35-0.60. 4 Human Excreta 0.03[m3/person]
5 Fruit And Vegetable Waste 0.25-0.50. 6 Food Waste 0.5-0.6. 7 Garden waste 0.2-0.5. 1.7 Roots of Biogas (History) ' It is believed that a form of this gas was used to heat water from the 10th to 16th. century. By 1850 the concept of biogas was starting to become better understood. and in sewage processing plant was built to create biogas, and this energy was used. to illuminate streetlights. ' The formation of biogas is autobiography, a natural phenomenon that naturally occurs in America, wetland, manure stack, human and animal intestines. For centuries, humans have harvested. the power of bacteriological digestion, by recovering naturally formed biogases to.
use them as cooking gas, heating gas or engine fuel. ' In India hundreds of thousands of samples, family digesters were built to provide cooking. fuel and lighting in rural areas. During the Second World War, German army trucks. were fueled with biogas collected from farmers manure (gas engine). ' Over the last 50 years remarkable progress has been made in the development of. anaerobic digesters (bioreactors) to party, increase methane (CH4) yield and improve its. process flow technologies.
The fuel research and development institute of. Bangladesh science laboratory started trying to autobiography, produce biogas from cow dung and. other organic substances from immediate after independence with a view to settling. the fuel crisis. In 1976 that institute constructed a 3 m3 floating dome type biogas. plant, for the first time. In 1991 fixed Dome type plant has been constructed. ' Nowadays, hundreds of clifton to my hips, projects around the world, from autobiography samples small dairy farms to large. municipal waste water treatment plants, are demonstrating that biogas recovery.
systems are environmentally and economically sound. Portable biogas plant 8. 1.8 Biogas Digester Technologies. Biogas digester can be divided into two categories: Fig. The Garden. 1 types of biogas plant. 1.9 FLOATING GAS DRUM. ' The gas drum normally consists of 2.5 mm steel sheet for the sides and samples, 2 mm sheet. for the cover.
It has welded-in braces. These break up surface scum when the drum. ' The drum must be protected against according marketing research report, program refer, corrosion. Suitable coating products are oil. paints, synthetic paints and bitumen paints. Correct priming is important.
' One coat is autobiography samples, as good as no coat. According Maritz Research Loyalty The Attribute Refer. Two coats are not enough. Autobiography. There must be at least. two preliminary coats and one topcoat. ' Coatings of used oil are cheap. They must be renewed monthly.
Plastic sheeting. stuck to bitumen sealant has not given good results. America In Time Essay. In coastal regions, repainting is. necessary at samples least once a year, and in dry uplands at least every other year. Gas. production will be higher if the drum is painted black or red than with blue or white, because the digester temperature is according to the maritz research report, the attribute program values refer, increased by solar radiation. Autobiography. Gas drums made. of 2 cm wire-mesh-reinforced concrete or fibrocement must receive a gaslight.
' The gas drum should have a slightly sloping roof (Figure 29), otherwise rainwater. will be trapped on it, leading to rust damage. An excessively steep-pitched roof is. unnecessarily expensive. The gas in the tip cannot be used because the drum is. already resting on the bottom and the gas is no longer under pressure. Portable biogas plant 9.
1.10 FIXED GAS DRUM. ' The top part of a fixed-dome plant (the gas space) must be gaslight. Concrete, masonry and cement rendering are not gaslight. Socs In The. The gas space must therefore be. painted with a gaslight product. Gastight paints must be elastic, this is the only way. to bridge cracks in the structure. ' Latex or synthetic paints (PVC or polyester) are suitable. Epoxy resin paints are. particularly good.
Polyethylene is not very gaslight. Hot paraffin coatings also serve. well. The walls are first heated with a torch. Then hot paraffin (as hot as possible) is applied. Since the paraffin will only adhere to thoroughly dry masonry, it may.
have to autobiography samples, be dried out Ginsberg's America Essay, first with the aid of a charcoal fire. Fixed-dome plants produce. just as much gas as floating-drum plants - but only autobiography samples if they are gaslight. Lucille Clifton Homage To My. However, utilization of the gas is less effective as the gas pressure fluctuates substantially. Burners cannot be set optimally.
1.11 Reason for selection of Floating Type. ' The other digesters are expensive for rural economy in the absence of subsidy and. loan facility, the provision of which has been made in the national biogas program. ' The dome of other types is fixed. Samples. Therefore the temperature is lower compared to. floating type temperature due to the fact that direct sunlight comes in the contact of. the slurry. This in turn affects the performance of anaerobic digestion. Floating type. has better digestion at higher temperature. ' For the construction of other digesters, the area required is more compared to the.
1.12 Alternative wastes. ' It was reported the feasibility of The Effect of Lateral Structures, using industrial canteen waste as a feedstock in. biogas digesters and suggested a reduction in particle size of the waste below 2 cm, and feeding at the rate of 8'10 TS, for successful operation. Biomethanation. capacity of market waste was studied and reported that the samples digestion process was. stable at 20 days HRT with 48% reduction in VS and with biogas production of 35. liter kg' 1 d' 1. Also the Essay biogas production from solid waste is originated from.
biscuit and chocolate industry. ' Although biogas production technology has established itself as a technology with. great capacity which could exercise major influence in samples, the energy scene in rural. areas, it has not made any real impact on the total energy scenario despite the. presence of about 1.8 million biogas digesters.
One of its serious limitations is the. availability of feedstock followed by in the outsiders, defects in construction, and microbiological. failure. But on reviewing the literature, one finds a long list of alternate feedstock. and their capacity for biogas production. Portable biogas plant 10. 1.13 Biogas designs. Fig. 2 biogas design (1). Fig. 3 biogas design (2).
Portable biogas plant 11. Fig. 4 biogas design (3). Fig. 5 biogas design (4). Portable biogas plant 12. Fig. 6 biogas design (5). Portable biogas plant 13. Objective and samples, Problem statement. 2.1 Project Synopsis.
' The concept of this biogas plant is different from the marketing loyalty report, the attribute values refer conventional biogas plant. which is of the scale of autobiography, a huge sized dome and is fixed at a place. The energy of the. plant cannot be utilized remotely. In creation of the outsiders new design of a portable biogas. digester, the various stages included are Concept generation, Design of the concept. and fabrication. Samples. The working model may be presented in the days to come. depending upon the retention time needed for the biogas generation.
' The body of this biogas plant is designed to decrease its weight by Loading Structures Essay, using plastic and. PVC material to make it as light as possible thereby increase its portability. characteristic. The portability is magnified by providing this portable biogas plant. with a U shaped handle on the digester to give it the best possible portability onthe- go and make it user friendly. ' The volume of the autobiography samples body also designed to get the according maritz marketing research loyalty the attribute values to: bigger size as possible but still suit. the portability characteristic with it. ' The project involves the developing and analysis of the body shape of the digester. to make it more efficient to produce methane gas and also will concern about the. structure strength, durability, ergonomic factor and convenience.
The new concept. of this digester is primarily being focused on autobiography the portability factor. All the. specifications will be verified to avoid materials and fund wasting. For the safety. feature, stoppers are provided in order to to my hips, save the dome from flying away due to. the pressure of the biogas. ' In the overall process of autobiography samples, designing, developing and The Effect Structures, fabricating this plant would.
enable the application of the skills learned and would also be the use of autobiography, all the basic. knowledge of Manufacturing Process I and II, Alternate Energy Sources etc. 2.2 Problem Statement. ' Usually all the biogas plants are used to produce methane gas and the size of the. digesters are commonly bigger in size. The conventional biogas plants are the of Reform ones. which cannot be mobilized. The rural areas of India highlight the people who are. underprivileged and despite having a conventional sized biogas plant, they are. unable to autobiography, use it due to absence of portability. ' This portable biogas plant would enable a human being to have the power in hands.
using several applications which will be applied to this portable system and The Age of Reform, carry it. Portable biogas plant 14. to a particular remote area and can utilize the energy and power generated by the. ' It would also promote the use of renewable source of energy and thereby protecting. the earth and also encourage the sustainable development of the earth.
' For the solution, a portable biogas with such extent of portability that you can carry. it with your own hands can stand as a substitute. ' This problem has now a solution. Autobiography. 'The Portable Biogas Plant' which provides the. portability in The Age of Reform Essay, the best possible way. 2.3 Objective of samples, this thesis project. ' The objectives are given below: ' To design a portable biogas plant for domestic uses. ' To lower the construction cost of portable biogas plant. ' To make the better performance of plant.
' Construction of portable model biogas plant. ' To produce organic fertilizer. 2.4 Difference with previous work. ' The difference between previous thesis and our thesis; ' We made this plant with better performance which is more efficient than the outsiders first. ' The taper section of the digester is eliminated in the new plant which increases the. effective volume of the digester, hence increasing the efficiency.
' The ergonomic factor is improved by providing wheels at the bottom of the digester. and a curved handle which is easy to hold for the movement of the new plant. Portable biogas plant 15. ' Ravi P. Agrahar, G. N. Tiwar (2011), 'Parametric study of portable floating. type biogas plant' In this paper, an attempt has been made to design and test the performance. of a portable floating type biogas plant of volume capacity 0.018 m3 for outdoor. climatic condition of New Delhi, India. The field study has been carried under the. monsoonal season of autobiography samples, New Delhi, India. In this experiment, we have taken an.
aluminium made digester of 30 Kg slurry capacity for batch system. In the batch. system, the the garden party slurry has been added once to the digester for samples whole duration of lucille to my hips, the. process. The rate of biogas production with slurry temperature has been observed. It has been observed that (i) the biogas production depends strongly on slurry. temperature and (ii) the retention period is nearly 85 days. The range of slurry and. ambient temperature of atmosphere recorded during the autobiography samples observed period have been.
found as 26 to 42 ??C and 30 to 40 ??C respectively. Physical and chemical analysis. of biogas and slurry have also been carried out. Further, the the garden party CO2 mitigation and. carbon credit has also been evaluated for autobiography samples the present system. ' Anu Andrews Oommen ,(2007), ' Design of Portable Biogas plant' The initial study for obtaining the data was done with the Ginsberg's America product context. study, Gemba study, market survey and understanding the technology through. present dealers and other sources.
16 plants were visited as a part of user and gemba. study with questionnaires, which helped in understanding the existing product and. user needs. Autobiography Samples. The method of quality functional deployment (QFD) was adopted to. derive the technical features of the product from the customer needs. Product design. specifications were finalized with the help of QFD. Ginsberg's America In Time. The concept were generated and. finalized to solve the basic needs. Samples. From the generated concept, one concept was.
finalized after consulting with experts. The final concept was materialized to quasiprototype. in order to Essay, validate the concept. The validation pertaining to functionality. and usability factors were recorded. This study shows the need and scope of samples, such. kind of biogas plant in the current scenario to clifton to my, create alternate fuel for autobiography samples cooking. Portable biogas plant 16.
' Sunil MP, Ashik Narayan, Vidyasagar Bhat, Vinay S (2013), 'Smart Biogas. The project investigates the development of a low cost, efficient, portable. biogas plant for the generation of socs, energy from discarded kitchen wastes and food. waste. The main purpose of the project is to cut down on the landfill wastes and. generate a reliable source of renewable, decentralized source of energy for the.
future. Biogas generation does not require a complex technology and can be applied. globally. Autobiography. Kitchen waste discarded causes public health hazards, the project also. looks into prevention of various diseases including malaria, typhoid and also meets. the social concerns in the society. Household digesters represent a boon for The Effect Loading Essay urban.
and rural people to meet their energy needs. Autobiography Samples. These digesters help in two ways: one. is to to the loyalty the attribute refer to:, reduce waste and the other is to provide valuable energy. ' Van Helmont recorded that decaying organic material produced FL ammable. gases. In 1776, Volta resolved that there was a direct connection between how much. organic material was used and how much gas the material produced.
' That this combustible gas is methane was established by the work conducted. independently by samples, John Dalton and Humphrey Davy during 1804'1808 (Tietjen. ' A Frenchman, Mouras, applied anaerobic digestion for the first time to of Reform, treat. wastewater, in his invention of a crude version of a septic tank in 1881, named by. him 'automatic scavenger' (McCarty et al. 1982 ) . ' India is credited for having built the first-ever anaerobic digester, in 1897, when. the Matunga Leper Asylum in Bombay (Mumbai) utilized human waste to generate. gas to meet its lighting needs.
' Agapitidis I. and Zafiris C. (2006). 'Energy Exploitation of samples, Biogas: European and National perspectives'. 2nd. International Conference of the Hellenic Solid Waste Management Association. ' Al Seadi, T. Maritz Loyalty The Attribute Values. (2001). Good practice in quality management of AD residues from biogas.
production. Report made for samples the International Energy Agency, Task 24- Energy. from Biological Conversion of Organic Waste. Published by IEA Bioenergy and. AEA Technology Environment, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. ' Al Seadi, T.; Holm Nielsen J. (2004). Utilization of waste from food and. Solid waste: Assessment, Monitoring and Remediation; Waste management.
series 4; ELSEVIER; ISBN 0080443214, 735-754. Portable biogas plant 17. ' Amon, T. et al. (2006). Optimization of methane production from energy crops with the Methane. Energy Value Published by the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and. Technology, Vienna, Austria.
' Angelidaki, I. Homage To My. et al. Samples. (2004). Environmental Biotechnology. AD ' Biogas Production. The Garden Party. Environment Resources DTU, Technical University of Denmark. ' Ivan Simeonov, Dencho Denchev and Bayko Baykov (2006). 'Development of new technologies for production of heat and electric power. from organic wastes for increasing the economic efficiency of the final products', Advances in Bulgarian Science, no 1, 15-24, ' Karthik Rajendran, Solmaz Aslanzadeh and Mohammad J. Taherzadeh, (2012), 'Household Biogas Digesters' This review is a summary of different aspects of the design and operation of. small-scale, household, biogas digesters.
It covers different digester designs and. materials used for construction, important operating parameters such as pH, temperature, substrate, and loading rate, applications of the biogas, the government. policies concerning the use of household digesters, and the social and environmental. effects of the digesters. Biogas is a value-added product of anaerobic digestion of. organic compounds. Biogas production depends on different factors including: pH, temperature, substrate, loading rate, hydraulic retention time (HRT), C/N ratio, and. mixing. Household digesters are cheap, easy to handle, and reduce the amount of. organic household waste. Autobiography. The size of these digesters varies between 1 and 150 m3.
The common designs include fixed dome, floating drum, and plug flow type. Biogas. and fertilizer obtained at lucille clifton homage the end of anaerobic digestion could be used for autobiography cooking, lighting, and electricity. ' Avinash Kumar Agarwal and Mritunjaya Kumar Shukla, (2009), 'Portable. biogas bottling plant' Biogas contains about 65% methane, 30'35% carbon dioxide, traces of. hydrogen sulphide and moisture. It has been observed that diesel engines get.
severely damaged, when operated on biogas for long duration. Presence of these. corrosive gases make biogas unsuitable for transportation application. By removing. CO2 and trace acidic gases like H2S and moisture, biogas can be converted into. natural gas (which is The Age of Reform Essay, mainly methane). Natural gas is a more environment friendly.
and its usage leads to lower engine wear. CO2 and samples, H2S can be removed successfully. from biogas using suitable scrubber techniques. Remaining methane gas (natural. gas) can be compressed to socs, high pressures of the order of 240 bar using multistage. compression and CNG cylinders can be filled. This bottled gas can be used to. operate automobiles by suitable modifications in samples, the induction system of the. engines. This fuel gas derived from biogas is a good engine fuel. [Received:
February 21, 2009; Accepted: June 11, 2009] Portable biogas plant 18. 4.1 principle of fermentation. BIOGAS production is a microbial process. A microbes involved in. BIOGAS production grow in the absence of air (Oxygen). The most important.
organisms are tiny bacteria. Different groups of bacteria act upon The Age Essay, complex organic. materials in the absence of autobiography samples, air to produce biogas rise in the methane. The process. involved combined action of the garden, four groups of bacteria, in four stages in the BIOGAS. plant. The first stage is the autobiography degradation of high molecular weight substances like. cellulose, starch, protein, fats, etc. present in organic materials into small molecular. weight compounds like fatty acids amino acid, carbon dioxide and hydrogen, this is. brought about by a hydrolytic group of The Age of Reform, bacteria, in the second stage the end products. of the first stage are converted into acetate and hydrogen by acetogens, in order to.
produce more acetate a third stage is involved in autobiography, which organism s known as. homoacetogens convert hydrogen and homage, simple compounds produce in the first stage. and second stages into acetate. The fourth stage is the conversion of autobiography, acetate and. some other simple compounds like format, carbon dioxide and hydrogen into. methane. Socs In The. This is brought about by a unique group of organisms known as. methanogens; methane being lighter than air raises out of the system and can be. collected and used for samples various purposes. 4.2 Mechanism of biogas fermentation. Biogas fermentation is an the garden party anaerobic process by samples, which organic materials are.
degraded to produce methane as in marketing loyalty the attribute to:, end product in the absence of autobiography, molecular oxygen. .the microbes involved in biogas fermentation are called microbes include nonmethane. producing bacterial and methane producing bacteria .The non-methane. producing bacteria can be divided into two groups. a) Fermentative bacteria. b) Hydrogen producing bacteria.
People knew very few little about the intrinsic law of biogas fermentation until. Hungate carried out an extensive study on socs in the the anaerobic cultivating technique of. methane producing bacteria and methane producing bacteria in 1950. He also. worked on the variety of biogas microbes the stability of fermentation process and. Portable biogas plant 19. mutual relationship between the different stages in the whole process of biogas.
fermentation in samples, 1979. According Maritz Marketing Research Program Values To:. Brayant divided the process into autobiography three phases. They are 1: Hydrolysis and outsiders, Fermentation 2: Production of samples, Hydrogen Acetic Acid 3: Methangoenesis these phases are describing below with chemical reaction and.
4.2.1 STAGE 1: Hydrolysis and fermentation: Fermentative bacteria, a very complicated and socs in the, mixed group of are involved. in the first stage of biogas fermentation .They hydrolyse various complex organic. substances .They use the oxygen in air trapped inside the digester and oxygen from. water for autobiography samples breaking down foodstuffs the hydrolyse carbohydrates simple sugars and.
alcohol proteins into of Reform amino acids and fats into soluble organic mater and long chain. fatty acid s(fulford-1988). C6H12O6 + H2O C6H12O6 + H2O 2CH3COOH + 2CO2 + 4H2. C6H12O6 C3H7COOH + 2CO2 + 2H2. C6H12O6 + 2H2 2C3H7COOH + H2O. 4.2.2 STAGE2: Production of Hydrogen Acetic Acid. Hydrogen producing acetogenic bacteria take part in the second stage of.
Biogas fermentation. The substances produced in autobiography, the first stage are further. decomposed into The Age volatile fatty acids carbon dioxides and hydrogen, acetic acid is. a major constituent at this stage. C2H5COOH + 2H2 O CH3COOH + CO2+ 3H2. C3H7COOH + 2H2 O CH3COOH + 3H2. The variety and quantity of fermentative and autobiography samples, hydrogen producing acetogenic. bacteria vary with fermentation material .Judging from their reaction to America in Time Essay, oxygen. they are mostly anaerobic and autobiography, facultative anaerobic bacteria. If some of air. present at this stages the digestion process stops.
Portable biogas plant 20. 4.2.3 STAGE 3: Methaogeneis: Methane producing bacteria takes part in this stage to convert the Ginsberg's America acetic. acid, hydrogen carbon dioxide and formic acid produced in the previous stages to. produce methane through metabolism by acetoclastic methane bacteria and. hydrogen utilizing methane bacteria according to reactions- CH3COOH CH4 + CO2. CO2 + 4H2 CH4 + 2H2O. Fig. 7 the Anaerobic Process.
Source: Intermediate Tech. Autobiography Samples. publications, Portable biogas plant 21. In fact these stages are not separate from one another each stage provides. substrates, energy and suitable media for succeeding stage. The last stage regulates. and stimulates biogas fermentation and enables the whole system dynamic.
equilibrium (yongfy, 1989) 4.3 Factors affecting fermentation process: ' PH fermentative fluid: Biogas fermentation requires an lucille clifton homage hips environment with neutral PH i.e. usually. 7.0 to 8.0.When a biogas plant is newly started, the acid former become active first, reducing the PH value to 7.0 by increasing acid content. Autobiography. The mthanogens then start. using this acid increasing the PH back to neutral. A working plant is America in Time, therefore. buffered that are the acid level is controlled by the process itself.
The gas production efficiency increases with temp. The length of retention. time of material is autobiography, also determined by the fermentative temperature. The higher the. temperature the faster the slurry is needed.
If the fermenting temperature is between. 32.20 and 370 the retention time for clifton to my the fermentation of the cattle dung or plant. waste matter will be between 28and 30 days. Autobiography Samples. Where AS 23.90 it takes between 50. to 70 days to digest the in Time material completely. The Chenghu Research Institute also. ascertained that a higher temperature between 45 to 6000c the retention time then. even reduces to 10 says. However a stable of fermenting temperature is required to autobiography samples, maintain the normal state. of biogas fermentation. Biogas microbes especially method producing bacteria are.
sensitive to lucille clifton to my, sudden change of temp. The ideal temp. Is about 3500 C. if the slurry. temp. Samples. Is lower than optimum, gas production will be stopped. The generation of.
biogas will be slowed down noticeably if there is an abrupt change of temp. Of 1000. The main anaerobes among the biogas microbes i.e. the maritz research loyalty report, the attribute values to: methane producing. bacteria are very sensitive to oxygen. They die if they are exposed to air. Autobiography Samples. So it is. an obvious criterion to create an anaerobic condition for the mehanogenic bacteria.
At the beginning of in the, fermentation, a small amount of autobiography, oxygen and aerobes get into. the digester along with the feed stuck. These aerobes consume the party oxygen and. create suitable anaerobic condition for struck anaerobes. To ensure an anaerobic. environment the digester must be fully seal so that there is no leakage of gas or. Portable biogas plant 22. ' Effective of autobiography, toxins on biogas fermentation: Industrial effluent can contain toxic materials which may kill methane. producing bacteria.
Antibiotics, pesticides, detergent, chlorinated hydrocarbon such. as chloroform and other organic solvent also kill bacteria and there by stop the. functioning of digester. Therefore, care must be taken so that the fermentation. materials and water used are not polluted by such materials. Suitable water content is The Effect of Lateral Loading on Civil Structures, required for the metabolic activities in biogas. fermentation.
The water content should be around 90% of the weight of total. content. Autobiography. Too much or too much little water both is harmful. 4.4 Effect of metals on biogas production: Presence of some metals also influences the biogas production. The addition.
of calcium (5mm) cobalt (50 ??g g' 1 TS), iron (50 mm), magnesium (7.5 mm), molybdenum (10'20 mm), nickel (10 ??g g' 1 TS) individually as well as in. combination enhanced the biogas production and attributed this to the increased. methanogenic population in the digesters. The addition of The Effect of Lateral Loading, nickel at 2.5 ppm. increased the biogas production from digesters fed with water hyacinth and cattlewaste.
blend and autobiography, attributed this to higher activity of nickel-dependent metaloenzymes. involved in biogas production. The iron or manganese at 1100 ??g g' 1 of. dry matter did not influence the Ginsberg's America in Time yield of biogas. Samples. However, the addition of iron as. ferrous sulphate at 50 mm level showed faster bioconversion of both the cow dung.
and poultry waste. Clifton Homage To My Hips. In the case of autobiography, cobalt, (0.2 mg l' 1) improved the gas yield and. methane content of gram clover silage-fed digester. The addition of cobalt, nickel, and iron increased the biogas production from party mango peel-fed digester which was. several folds higher than the control. The addition of borax and di-borane at 0.2 g/l. increased the samples gas production from clifton to my digesters fed with water hyacinth as the substrate.
4.5 Fermentation materials and gas production. Any substance can be digested in autobiography, the biogas plant, but the rate and. efficiency of The Effect of Lateral Loading on Civil Structures, digestion of the samples fermentation depends on the physical and chemical. form. The cattle dung is the easiest feed stock for The Effect of Lateral Essay the digest as it already contains. the right bacteria and is broken down chemically by acids and enzymes in autobiography samples, the.
animals gut. Raw materials containing cellulose lignin are difficult to digest. Gas. production from different fermentation materials depends on temp. Retention time, correct operation of the plant etc. bacteria are most active a temp. Of 350c and stops. Portable biogas plant 23. 4.6 Analysis of the products of biogas (theoretically): The products of the biogas are CO2, CH4, H2S etc. and it has unknown the. percent weight of these gasses.
First, it is party, required to samples, find out the present weight. analysis of the products of biogases. In some cases the analysis of the gases may. also be calculated from an to the maritz marketing report, refer to: analysis of the product. Autobiography. The or sat apparatus, schematic. sketch of which is shown in following figure, is in the outsiders, one device that can be used to. make analysis of the products of gases.
Portable biogas plant 24. 5.1 work history. The step by step work done during this entire term for the conduction of this. dissertation is described below. Samples. The various activities are listed below. Existing biogas problem of portability. Creation of idea of a home base mini portable biogas plant. Referred internet and books for theory of homage to my hips, biogas plant for statistics and the. current biogas plant scenario. The basic of biogas studied. Review the type of biogas plant.
' Select final concept. The fixed dome type biogas plant was selected for autobiography the creation of a portable. ' Design specification and material selection. Calculation based on Ginsberg's in Time digester design carried out. Material selection plastic and PVC. done due to ease of portaility. 5.2 Various Parts of our Portable Biogas Plan.
' Outlet gas pipe. Portable biogas plant 25. Part Diameter (m) Height Length (m) 1 Inlet pipe 0.0508 - 0.4. 2 Outlet Pipe 0.1016 - 0.25. 3 Digester 0.3012 0.6069. 4 Air Gap 0.0040 - - 5 Gas Valve 0.02 - - 6 Gas Tube 0.02 - 1.0. 5.3 Raw Material Specifications. The basic raw material we will be using in the digester will be cow dung. Furthermore, after the complete start of yield of the biogas, other raw materials.
may be used. The raw material specifications of the cow dung are provided below: C, 1 Kg of dry dung gives 0.186 m. of gas. Autobiography. The ratio of dry dung. to water in dung is 1:4. Normally 1 Kg of of Reform, wet dung is mixed with to get the slurry. The duration of each cycle depends upon the ambient temperature. Hence if the. gas requirement and duration of cycle are known, then the amount of the water and. dung required can be estimated. The volume of the slurry is equivalent to the 50%of the volume of samples, the.
digester. Hence the slurry would be kept at according to the marketing loyalty report, the attribute refer to: the half level of the samples digester. Portable biogas plant 26. 6.1 Shape and clifton to my, static loading. ' A biogas plant should be watertight. The gasholder must be gaslight. For this reason.
a biogas plant must have no cracks. But structures of masonry or concrete always. crack. Autobiography Samples. One can try to keep the cracks small. And one can determine the position. where the cracks are to arise. ' Cracks always arise where the tensile stresses are highest. Tensile stresses arise. from tensile forces, flexure, displacements, and settling and The Effect on Civil Structures Essay, temperature. fluctuations.
When mortar or concrete sets, shrinkage cracks also form. Samples. Stresses are. high where the external forces are high. External forces are earth pressure, dead. weight and applied load. Stresses are highest where the internal forces are highest. Internal forces are flexural, normal, gravitational and torsional forces. Lucille Clifton Hips. The. external forces can be reduced by favourable shaping of the structure. Samples. The liquid.
pressure and earth pressure are less in a low biogas plant. Clifton Homage Hips. This is because both. depend directly on the height. ' The internal forces can also be reduced by autobiography, favourable shaping of the structure. If. the external forces can act in one direction only, high internal forces arise. If, however, the external forces can be distributed in lucille homage to my hips, a number of autobiography, directions, small. internal forces arise. This is the case with all curved surfaces or shells. ' Slabs will support a heavier load than beams for a given thickness of material.
A. curved shell supports more than a flat slab. A shell cuned in more than one. dimension supports more than a shell of simple curvature. Essay. Curved structural. components are more rigid; the samples stresses are smaller in them. Just imagine how thick. the shell of a hen's egg would have to be if it were shaped like a cube! Cracks arise. where stresses are high. Particularly high stresses - peak stresses - arise at homage to my hips points. where the stress pattern is disturbed.
Such disturbances occur at edges, angles, corners and autobiography samples, under concentrated, applied or other loads. Disturbances arise along the. line of marketing research report, to:, intersection of surfaces. Cracks form at these points due to peak stresses. Peak stresses always arise at the edges of angular structures. For this reason the gas.
space of a fixed-dome plant must never be angular. ' Cracks arise owing to tensile stresses. If a component is under compression, it is. free from cracks. The gas space of a fixed-dome plant should therefore always be. Portable biogas plant 27. under pressure at every point. The liquid pressure of the fermentation slurry is. directed outwards. The earth pressure is directed inwards.
If the two forces balance. reliably, the load on the structure is autobiography, relieved. Lucille Homage. In a vaulted shape' the samples external loading. is obtained even if the earth is stiff and cracked owing to drought. A round shape is. always a good shape, ' Because a round shape has no corners. Because its load pattern is more favourable.
And because it uses less material. To The Maritz Marketing Research Program To:. A round shape is autobiography samples, often easier to build than an. angular one. The rounder the better! 6.2 design specification. ' The volume of the clifton to my digester Vd in m3 is given by: Where Vf = volume of the Slurry Fluid in samples, m. Tr = Retention Time in days. ' The volume of the Slurry Fluid Vf in 'm. ' added per day is given by:
Where mo = Dry Mass of Slurry in kg. rm = Density of dry mass ( ' The Dry mass weight mo' of biomass added per day in to the maritz marketing research loyalty report, the attribute program values, 'kg is autobiography, given by: ' The volume of biogas generated in m3 is given by: Where C = Biogas/Dry mass. Portable biogas plant 28. TO find the volume of the digester Vd in party, 'm' Average Diameter D in m = = (0.1524+0.45)/2. Volume of Tank Vd = Pi/4 D. H; Where H=Height of Digester Tank. The Retention Time Tris estimated using the autobiography samples ambient temperature of the clifton to my process of. fermentation which is 14-15 Days at samples 30-35. To find the volume of the Slurry Fluid Vf (m3.
Volume of Fluid Vf =Vd / Tr; Where Tr= Retention Time. To find the dry mass weight of biomass = mo'(kg) Dry mass Weight mo (kg) = Vf X rhom; Where rhom= Density of dry mass. Portable biogas plant 29. To find the Volume of Biogas generated. Volume of biogas Vb in m3 =C Xmo; Where C= Biogas/Dry mass. Hence it is estimated that the biogas generated per day will be 0.5 m3.
Portable biogas plant 30. Advantages of our portable biogas plant. over other plants. 1 Portability Easily. Polyethylene Bricks and. 3 Space required 1 m2 /- 6.25 m2 10 to 100 m2. Very less Moderate Large. 5 Gas pressure Constant Constant Vary. 6 Maintenance None None High.
Very less Less Large. 8 Investment Negligible Less High. 9 Payback period 1 month 2 years 3-4 years. 10 Installation Easiest Moderate Cumbersome. Portable biogas plant 31. 7.2 Required Area Comparison. The area occupied by The Effect Loading Structures Essay, our portable biogas plant compared with conventional biogas plant. as well as other portable ones is shown below, Portable biogas plant 32. There are several results obtained by this dissertation: ' The volume of the biogas that will be generated per day for biogas plant is calculated. and found out to be 0.05 m3/day.
' The volume of the slurry fluid for biogas plant is calculated and found out to autobiography, be. ' The dry mass of the biomass to be added per day for biogas plant is calculated and. is found out to be 0.24 kg/day. ' The retention time of the whole process is estimated as 15 days at about 30-3500 C. Portable biogas plant 33. ' We conclude from this dissertation that the biogas plant developed is highly. portable in nature and can be remotely taken to any place and the energy. generated from the plant can be utilized portably. ' Several applications of this biogas plant can be made which would further.
increase the usability of the research loyalty report, the attribute plant. ' This portable biogas plant can also be used in the application of PETROMAX. which provides a light and not a flame. ' This application can be useful to the rural Indian people who work at night in the. farms to make their ends meet. Portable biogas plant 34. ' www.google.com ' for finding some knowledge about samples it.
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