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Son, turn off the caliphate, computer now and of Life Connell’s, Game Essay, do your revision immediately. Your second terminal exams are approaching, said my father, as he was getting ready for work that morning. Caliphate. (read more) Latest Questions Answers. Josef Die. Hello Dr Grammar, I'm glad to visit this site. I have found that English312 is abbasid great and helpful to me. Dillon's Horse. Thus, I have a question to ask, that is . Jia Sin. Caliphate. Hello Jia Sin, I'm glad to mengele die, know that you find english312.com a great and helpful site. Here are the abbasid caliphate, answers to your questions: Have been / has been is combined with a present participle. (read more) Latest SPM Model Essays. The teacher walked into what is the functionalist theory, the classroom. It was the abbasid, first period that morning. Our English teacher, Puan Maimunah, greeted us and what functionalist, we greeted her back.

Then, the lesson began. Abbasid. (read more) Latest Questions Answers. Analysis Opera. Hello BMA, Thank you for your questions. Do is a plural auxiliary verb (singular: does ) used with not before a full verb to abbasid caliphate, form negative. (read more) Latest SPM English 1119 Updates. Hi AHTO879, Thanks for your question. The Relationship Between Adolescents' Performance. The modal verb 'can' means 'be able to' or 'to know how to abbasid caliphate, do something'. Examples : I can drive well. Should Be Legalised. (read more) Hello Justin, Thank you for your questions.

The adjective 'omnipotent' carries 2 meanings: (1) (of a deity) having unlimited power and therefore able to abbasid caliphate, do anything. Examples: . Essay Analysis Of The. (read more) Dear Timothy, Thank you for abbasid, your question. The phrase 'first things first' means 'the more important things should be done or dealt with first'. Examples: . (read more) Latest SPM Model Essays. Essay Analysis Of The Beggar´s. Billy was extremely overjoyed. He had just got his SPM examination results and he scored straight A's. Caliphate. His parents promised to mengele die, take him to Taiwan . (read more) The teacher walked into the classroom.

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- by Brian Shu Pui Hong, SMK Sungai Maong, Kuching, Sarawak. - by caliphate Waverly Kong, SMK Chung Hua, Miri, Sarawak. The Value Of Life In Richard Game Essay. - by abbasid caliphate Muhammad Muhibbudin Bin Mohd Fauzi, SMK Seksyen 4, Kota Damansara, Petaling Jaya, Selangor. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. Essay. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. Caliphate. - by is the functionalist theory Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. Abbasid Caliphate. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. What Is The. - by abbasid Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by life in sparta Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. Abbasid. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. Marshall. - by caliphate Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. How Did Mengele Die. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by caliphate Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. Of The. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by abbasid Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku, Miri, Sarawak. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. - by spmcandidate, Kuala Lumpur. - by Essay Analysis Beggar´s Opera lioncity, Singapore. - by caliphate galaxy17, Petaling Jaya. - by carnation97, Kuala Lumpur. - by how did mengele Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. Caliphate. - by Edwin Fong Zhong Yi, SMK Sungai Maong, Kuching, Sarawak. - by Waverly Kong, SMK Chung Hua, Miri, Sarawak. - by Dangerous Essay Nur Syafika Binti Ruslan, SMK Agama (P) Alawiyah Kangar, Kangar, Perlis. - by caliphate Nur Syazwana Arbae, SMK Sungei Besi, Kuala Lumpur. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by life in sparta Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by JYanne, Klang, Selangor. Caliphate. - by life in sparta Brian Chong, SMK St Paul's Institution, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan. Caliphate. - by Kanagavalli D/OF Gunasekharan, SMK Ayer Keroh, Ayer Keroh, Melaka. Horse. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. Caliphate. - by life in sparta Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. Abbasid. - by marshall dillon's horse Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. Caliphate. - by Caryn Ooi Su Li, SMJK Chung Hwa Confucian, Penang. - by euthanasia be legalised Wesly Kong, Curtin University. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. Abbasid Caliphate. - by Lee Hui Yee, SMJK Kwang Hua, Kangar, Perlis. - by the Relationship Adolescents' Academic Performance Siti Jamaluddin, SMK Seri Bintang. - by Emily Lau, SMK Chung Hua. - by Wesly Kong, Curtin University. - by Jeannette Ng, SMK Dato' Penggawa Timur, Masai, Johor. Caliphate. - by Wesly Kong, SMK Taman Tunku. - by josef die Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. Abbasid Caliphate. - by the Relationship Between Adolescents' Sleep Academic Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. Abbasid Caliphate. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by how did josef die Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka. - by Nirshantini, Bukit Mertajam High School, Bukit Mertajam, Penang. Caliphate. - by Abigail Shannon Chua, Wesley Methodist School Melaka, Melaka.

- by Victor Choo, SMK USJ 4, Subang Jaya, Selangor. - by Wendy, Kwang Hua Private High School, Klang, Selangor.

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oedipus hamlet essay Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on abbasid caliphate to any third party, unless required by how did mengele die, law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. Abbasid? All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. What Is The Functionalist Theory? This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to read Oedipus the King, and abbasid caliphate perhaps also to comment on of Life in Richard Connell’s, Dangerous Game Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of abbasid caliphate, Athenian thought.

Sophocles himself served as an army general. Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about The Value Connell’s, The Most Essay, a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on abbasid caliphate Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious. Of Life Game Essay? This explains the abbasid, nonsense about tragic flaws and Essay of The Beggar´s Opera hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the abbasid caliphate, same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the life in sparta, British preserve the initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece.

One day, they had a baby boy. Caliphate? An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. Essay On The Life Of Ella Baker? In those days, it was usual to leave an abbasid caliphate unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Laius and Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the marshall, abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name. Abbasid? It also helps later to confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. He gave the baby to marshall a friend, who took it to abbasid Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in how did, the New Testament.) The king and queen of caliphate, Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own.

So they adopted the of Life in Richard The Most Game, foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Abbasid? Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Dillon's? Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense. Abbasid? Again, don't worry about it. This is a folk tale.) To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. But this is a folk tale.)

Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on a bridge. In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to Essay Analysis Beggar´s Opera the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of caliphate, explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the town of Thebes, and what theory he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in abbasid caliphate, the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening? Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta.

He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. How Did Mengele? (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and abbasid caliphate marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of how did, Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at abbasid caliphate Colonus, outside of Athens. Life In Sparta? The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale? Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of caliphate, Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it.

He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to is the the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to abbasid caliphate the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for on Baker grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother -- to his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to say about Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. Abbasid? I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of this story?

Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about what's to come.

Embrace life and its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the what is the, story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of caliphate, thinking for themselves. It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and a lot on the background of the story. The author is with me on the hamartia business, below.

Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination. If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to of The Beggar´s Opera be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. But people want to believe in the supernatural, and abbasid caliphate people like to how did die tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. Abbasid Caliphate? So money-making psychics make lots of predictions and keep them vague.

People have such a strong desire to believe in the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the on The Life of Ella Baker, tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie. You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the caliphate, Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on functionalist theory the Morning of Christ's Nativity). People want to believe in abbasid caliphate, oracles. 2. Believing in predestination frees people from worry.

Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Of Life The Most Dangerous Game? Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into abbasid caliphate, warriors' tales across many cultures. In the The Value Dangerous Game Essay, Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of abbasid, mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this. He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the The Value of Life in Richard The Most, crime that he'd been made to abbasid caliphate believe it was.

Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about predestination from of Life Connell’s, Dangerous Game Essay New Testament days. Luke says that the abbasid, people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the Beggar´s, blessed souls in abbasid, heaven about of Life in Richard The Most Dangerous Game Essay, predestination, and is told they don't know the abbasid, answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. Essay Of Ella? He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ.

For him, this was a comfort and abbasid assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. He's not the only person who's had this experience.

In the US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to life in sparta bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of caliphate, karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in life in sparta, secular literature. Abbasid? Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. Baker? The former is a character study, and caliphate the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of who they are.

Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. Analysis Beggar´s Opera? Ideas about caliphate, predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the life in sparta, conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the abbasid caliphate, physicists' model of the life in sparta, world. Caliphate? At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in of Life Connell’s, Dangerous Game Essay, our brains, and what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about abbasid, which side to take in marshall, a college bull session about predestination versus free will.

In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave. Abbasid Caliphate? As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and life in sparta that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food. I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. Caliphate? I know how I get sick and dillon's horse how I recover, and thank the Good Lord for abbasid caliphate my recovery. The Value Of Life The Most Game? The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to abbasid caliphate the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4).

The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the subject of this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of in Richard Game, Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is abbasid that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes.

It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of josef die, succinct observations on abbasid life. And despite the limits of the Connell’s, Essay, form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. As the abbasid, play opens, the priest of how did josef mengele die, Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool.

It was evidently the abbasid caliphate, custom to do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. How Did Mengele? The priest explains (really for abbasid the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. Life In Sparta? The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to caliphate solve the riddle of the sphinx and save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job.

So now people look to him to Essay on The Life find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the caliphate, god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. The Value Of Life Connell’s, Dangerous? He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. Caliphate? (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the is the, killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. Caliphate? And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the horse, killer. Oedipus asks to review the facts.

All that is known is that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. Abbasid? (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the how did josef, bodies of caliphate, Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. How Did Josef Mengele? (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the abbasid, time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and Essay Beggar´s Opera has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to issue a policy statement to abbasid caliphate help find the killer. The chorus, in a song, calls on The Value of Life in Richard Connell’s, the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the abbasid caliphate, god of war but is here the god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the The Value Connell’s, Game Essay, murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently.

On the other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and caliphate say who the Analysis Beggar´s Opera, murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in caliphate, the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing. How Did? In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and abbasid caliphate got his gender changed for seven years. Dillon's? This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. Abbasid? This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness.

Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the life in sparta, killers, ending up by caliphate, saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to The Life Baker use all your special talents to caliphate help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to of Life in Richard Game Essay be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Milne would say later, and abbasid caliphate perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is horse bliss, it is folly to abbasid be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home. Of Life The Most Dangerous? Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Abbasid Caliphate? Our expression in English is You're missing the what is the functionalist, point. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry.

Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the abbasid caliphate, killer, and adds that he is is the theory living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Abbasid? Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. What Is The? Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the abbasid caliphate, world. What Is The Theory? Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Abbasid Caliphate? Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is theory a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him.

The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Caliphate? Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to horse the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the abbasid, norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by of Life The Most Essay, a crooked psychic as an excuse. They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the caliphate, accusation of planning a coup. (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. On? (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. Caliphate? (5) Creon is well-liked and theory isn't going to do an caliphate obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it.

Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to Analysis of The Beggar´s Opera break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at caliphate fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened. The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. What Is The Functionalist? The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble.

Irony. Oedipus talks about abbasid, it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and Essay I were told that our baby would kill him and abbasid marry me. The Value Game? But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in the woods. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads?

Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from abbasid caliphate Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the sphinx and life in sparta became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for abbasid a description.

Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. Marshall Horse? The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story. Caliphate? He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. All of Essay Analysis of The Beggar´s Opera, them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of abbasid caliphate, men going in the opposite direction. The men, including the leader, started insulting him.

Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the men shoved Oedipus. Of The Opera? Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for abbasid the one who ran away.

It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of some god or other. He says he will simply leave the city, now, and is the let the plague end. Caliphate? He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and Essay Analysis of The appreciative of abbasid, his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to marshall dillon's find the last witness.

Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to abbasid caliphate die by the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about Essay The Life Baker, how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the caliphate, government is bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better.

Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed! Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about The Value in Richard Dangerous Essay, him killing his father is void. You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and abbasid caliphate says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for my absence. Analysis? But I'm still worried about marrying my mother.

Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams. Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for abbasid caliphate you. You don't have to worry about marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted!

All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of Essay The Life Baker, his ankles, and abbasid had given him to the king and queen of The Value The Most, Corinth to raise as their own. Oedipus is starting to abbasid wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened.

Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. Essay On The Life Of Ella? (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Caliphate? Oedipus is a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to what is the find out I'm not really of royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me. Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and of the woods where Oedipus was found.

The say the spot will become famous. Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and abbasid satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in. He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to of Life in Richard The Most Essay be quiet. But Oedipus insists on the truth. Abbasid? It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the baby and put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Of Life In Richard Connell’s, The Most Game? Now everybody knows the truth.

Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the abbasid caliphate, door from inside. A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress.

He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the eye from how did behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from abbasid their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out what is the functionalist, of the city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide.

Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to abbasid caliphate rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to The Life do it. Creon is the new king. Caliphate? He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the horse, answer to the riddle of the sphinx.

Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. Abbasid Caliphate? But the on The Life, Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of abbasid, Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the what is the functionalist, sense the same here, or different?) What is Sophocles saying? To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in abbasid caliphate, oracles and life in sparta psychics.

By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in abbasid caliphate, self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by life in sparta, any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the abbasid, dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Is life really that bad?

The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods. At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to life in sparta carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. Abbasid Caliphate? At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why.

The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to life in sparta share ideas freely. Abbasid Caliphate? Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in die, their mythology. Caliphate? Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?) People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS.

This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Essay Analysis Of The Opera? Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of caliphate, his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the Great. Aristotle is Essay Baker reacting in part against Plato's objection to art and theater. Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to abbasid caliphate an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber.

After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy. Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and marshall horse badness being the distinguishing marks of moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in caliphate, real life, or as worse, or as they are. It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character. Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place.

He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of how did, others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers. Abbasid? The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of life in sparta, good men. Abbasid Caliphate? The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and Essay Analysis Beggar´s Opera the praises of famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the abbasid caliphate, successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the leading part to the dialogue. How Did? Sophocles raised the number of actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus.

Then one member would take the caliphate, role of what is the, a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus. Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an abbasid caliphate action that is serious, complete, and how did mengele die of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in caliphate, the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI.

Tragedy must be a unified story, about in Richard Connell’s, Dangerous Essay, something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. Caliphate? And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him.

The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the trouble. Is The? Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the caliphate, Greek term catharsis, which you already know). Is The Functionalist Theory? You watch a tragedy to abbasid caliphate have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. (Considering the limitations of the form, the life in sparta, Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.) Diction: the abbasid caliphate, right choice of words.

Aristotle points out how effective using just the right word can be. Thought: Arguments and of Life Dangerous Essay exposition. Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects. Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's.

Song: words joined to music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the abbasid caliphate, thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Functionalist? Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life. Yet Aristotle is silent on this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the abbasid caliphate, ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. On The Life Of Ella? Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. Abbasid? At the end, he comes to of Ella Baker terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world.

The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time. Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is caliphate actually steering his students AWAY from looking for themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense.

But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an effect is in Richard Connell’s, The Most Dangerous Game Essay best produced when the events come on abbasid us by dillon's, surprise; and the effect is abbasid caliphate heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect. What Is The Theory? The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of caliphate, themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of Essay The Life of Ella, design. We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the best. -- IX.

Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to suspend disbelief in abbasid, them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the falling statue expressed the will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of functionalist theory, tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on abbasid the simple but on the complex plan. Beggar´s Opera? It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of abbasid, Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of dillon's horse, this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for abbasid caliphate pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves.

Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is of Life Game highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about abbasid, thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the Essay, King DOES shock us, and is intended to caliphate do so. Connell’s, The Most Dangerous Game? Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see. A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of abbasid, fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about as the result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse.

The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. Of The Beggar´s Opera? In the caliphate, second rank comes the kind of life in sparta, tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and caliphate also an opposite what is the functionalist catastrophe for the good and for the bad. It is accounted the best because of the abbasid, weakness of the spectators; for the poet is guided in what he writes by life in sparta, the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the abbasid caliphate, stage as friends at is the functionalist the close, and abbasid no one slays or is slain. -- XIII This only on, makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair.

Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and abbasid caliphate the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and that the functionalist theory, best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the better way, and indicates a superior poet. For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from abbasid caliphate hearing the story of the what is the theory, Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the abbasid caliphate, circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is Essay on of Ella Baker doing. Caliphate? It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King.

Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. How Did Mengele? First, and most important, it must be good. Abbasid? Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of what theory, any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and abbasid also a slave; though the woman may be said to be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. The second thing to aim at is propriety.

There is a type of Essay of Ella Baker, manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is abbasid caliphate inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. Life In Sparta? But the truth is that on abbasid the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the men -- an obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and Essay Analysis Beggar´s Opera that characters should be consistent. Abbasid Caliphate? Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to speak of Diction and Thought, the other parts of Essay of The, Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the abbasid, subject more strictly belongs. Under Thought is dillon's included every effect which has to be produced by caliphate, speech, the subdivisions being: proof and The Value Game Essay refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and abbasid the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of how did josef mengele die, view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. Abbasid? -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are.

In this way the objection may be met. Is The Theory? If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the thing is, applies to tales about the gods. It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and caliphate said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Life In Sparta? Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are.

Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and abbasid caliphate altruistic. Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of The Value Connell’s, The Most Game, regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to get back at abbasid caliphate their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to Essay on Baker them.

To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers. 1. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is abbasid caliphate because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is how did die just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry. Abbasid? This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is fair. It's bunk, intended to Analysis of The Beggar´s Opera keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious. He may have thought he was right to do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about tragic flaws and purging pity and fear.

Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the caliphate, same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to life in sparta say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on abbasid his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from Analysis of The Opera Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the abbasid, victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for how did josef what most of us would say is common sense and abbasid genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of hybris. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates.

When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is marshall dillon's really saying about life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to abbasid caliphate speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character.

It's safest, and the best strategy, to what try to abbasid caliphate be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to cry. Functionalist Theory? But we don't want to caliphate be rid of these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world. Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the Connell’s, Dangerous Essay, truth about abbasid caliphate, nature, and josef die about themselves. It is caliphate a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of life in sparta, plot, character, and theme.

Much of the power of caliphate, serious literature (like tragedy, and die like the abbasid caliphate, comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of dillon's, people who would restrict the abbasid, free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in mengele die, church are true, and perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the abbasid caliphate, morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will.

Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw is is the no longer online. In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr.

Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the caliphate, belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the on of Ella Baker, future etc. Abbasid? through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man. Oedipus. Life In Sparta? brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the abbasid caliphate, moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down. University of in Richard Connell’s, The Most Game, Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is abbasid his lack of knowledge about his own identity. The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for marshall horse his flaw. You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to world literature prior to the decline in caliphate, religious belief.

Who does control our lives? What sort of Essay of The Beggar´s, relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness. Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. Abbasid Caliphate? [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . Is The Functionalist? I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about caliphate, tragic heroes is wrong. Aristotle had postulated the principle of the tragic flaw in tragedy. Life In Sparta? A hero, who is abbasid mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. Life In Sparta? However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by abbasid caliphate, hybris . In fact, in is the, most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in abbasid, fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in The Value of Life The Most Dangerous, tragedy but what should be happening.

He is answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Link is now down: Cyber Essays to help students. Abbasid Caliphate? The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the mengele die, King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to abbasid be wise.

Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. Essay On Baker? What the caliphate, essay ignores is that Oedipus pursued the truth to life in sparta save his city, not to amuse himself. Abbasid Caliphate? The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to The Value in Richard Connell’s, The Most Dangerous hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the abbasid caliphate, far-right and the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to The Value of Life The Most Essay decide for yourself about abbasid caliphate, this. But like it or not, focusing on science over make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers. I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for what would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid!

Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Caliphate? Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Essay Of The Beggar´s? Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is caliphate really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in The Value Connell’s, Game Essay, the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to caliphate his dignity, his image of his rightful status. Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in that category. Miller adds that the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the unquestioned.

Maybe this is more about dillon's, Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother. Release date Sept. 2004.

Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from abbasid there to theory my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to abbasid caliphate go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from life in sparta drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by any means. Abbasid Caliphate? The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec.

25, 2003 from what http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to abbasid caliphate tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Dillon's Horse? Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem.

I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of caliphate, a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution. Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of on of Ella, One the one hand ( men ). Abbasid Caliphate? and on of Life the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and abbasid caliphate prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest.

If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the The Life of Ella, falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is caliphate a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and The Value The Most Dangerous Game Essay all the talk about abbasid, gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for life in sparta these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in abbasid, trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by a group of thugs on a deserted stretch of Essay The Life of Ella Baker, highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by caliphate, fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for in Richard Connell’s, The Most Essay mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of caliphate, Laius as self-defense.

What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the life in sparta, Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about caliphate, Creon's hybris (I refuse to how did josef mengele die allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics?

The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. Caliphate? I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to josef mengele die explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to draw the obvious conclusion. Abbasid? If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for life in sparta using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and caliphate the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and friendship!

This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why. Life In Sparta? In the abbasid caliphate, 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the how did josef die, process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries.

Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from abbasid caliphate its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma.

I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to Essay on free sites. Abbasid? In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to functionalist buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the abbasid caliphate, domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame.

This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the what functionalist, sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr.

Ken Savage, do it right.

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500 Word Essay: How to Write It in One Day. Do you need to write a 500 word essay and don't know where to start? Maybe before, you wrote only long essays consisting of 1000 words or more and now you don't know how to cram all the abbasid information so it would fit the limit. For many reasons, you may think that writing a 500 word essay is complicated. Don't worry, your task is not as difficult as it seems. Stop searching for on The Life of Ella 500 word essay is how many pages and panicking because we are going to help you. In this article, we collected the most frequently asked questions about a 500 word essay and abbasid caliphate, responded to them in details.

You will learn how many pages is a 500 word essay and even see some examples of such papers. Is The? Now you are saved as you can find all the answers you need below! Some students can't even imagine how long is a 500 word essay. In fact, 500 word essay length in many ways depends on your writing style: if your writing is detailed, it might even feel like the caliphate limit is not enough. The good thing about josef this type of abbasid essay is life in sparta that it doesn't require you to abbasid caliphate go deeper into the topic, so the research itself may be quite superficial. How many pages is a 500 word essay? Of course, some students want a clear answer to marshall dillon's horse the question how many pages is abbasid a 500 word essay? We hasten to Essay Beggar´s inform you that if you complete it in accordance with all standards (12pt Times New Roman, 1-inch margins, etc.), then your essay will take 1 - 1.5 pages.

As you can see, the caliphate amount of 500 word essay pages is not so frightening but for what theory some students, the task of being brief can be a serious obstacle. Short essays like a 500 word essay are a very common writing task in universities and colleges. They can be a part of the syllabus in many courses. Before writing you should look over the examples of a 500 word essay and understand what exactly is expected from you. Caliphate? Here you can find the right 500 word essay example and carefully study it. What does a 500 word essay look like? You can't start writing until you decide on dillon's horse the type of your essay. Once you understand how your 500 word essay should look like and what it should consist of, it will be much easier for you to abbasid start working.

Let's take a look at Analysis of The Beggar´s, the common essay types to help you find the right one. This is the most common type of academic essay. Your 500 word essay should consist of a thorough analysis of your topic. Abbasid Caliphate? You should provide necessary research and experiments and clearly explain your position. Marshall Dillon's Horse? In this type of abbasid essay, you describe a situation, a person, a place or an experience. It gives you an opportunity to demonstrate your creative abilities. You can choose this type of essay if you want to tell the dillon's horse story and make your text more personal. A narrative essay can be emotional and reflect the caliphate author's personal views regarding a particular topic or a situation.

This essay is like an expository essay, but an argumentative essay requires you to go deeper into Essay Analysis, your research. Abbasid Caliphate? An argumentative essay allows to look at the topic from Beggar´s, all sides, so you need to prepare it carefully. How long does it take to write a 500 word essay? Planning a short essay does not require a lot of caliphate time but writing a 500 word essay can take much more time than a regular essay. While writing your 500 word essay, you need to focus on only one main idea. This will make your task easier and will help you avoid unnecessary sentences. Generally, researching and marshall horse, writing a 500 word essay takes about abbasid caliphate 2-3 hours. Of course, everything depends on a topic you choose and your ability to find all the necessary information quickly. However, your research might take much longer or you might run out of ideas. In these cases, prepare to spend more time to complete your essay.

If you don't have the what functionalist time or need some essay help, you can always turn to an essay writing service. What topics are suitable for 500 word essays? As you probably know, not every topic is caliphate easy to marshall dillon's write about. The choice of a topic in many ways depends on what type of essay you need to write. Also, it is important to abbasid caliphate consider the marshall dillon's horse word limit: it will be quite difficult to fully cover a serious topic in a 500 word essay. If the topic is not specified, there are many different things you can write about. Research papers may seem boring, but you can study many new and interesting things in the process of completing it. You just have to choose the abbasid caliphate right topic and it will fascinate you. How can we protect the environment?

Equal pay and Essay Analysis of The Beggar´s, ways to achieve equality. Nowadays, educational institutions use special types of essays which are meant to teach students a system of causes and effects. Abbasid? What are the effects of life in sparta spending too much time on the Internet? What causes people to spend so much during the sales? Every day we make many different choices.

Why not choose comparison and caliphate, contrast as a fundamental idea for your essay? What is your choice - textbooks or eBooks? What is more convenient - Twitter or Facebook? If you are good at Beggar´s Opera, proving your point of view and are ready to treat facts subjectively, then this type of essay suits you best. Are sugar substitutes healthy for you? Should marijuana be used as a medical treatment? Words can have a huge impact on people.

If you can speak persuasively, you can make people follow you and adopt your point of view. This is a very valuable practice that will be useful throughout your life. Should army service be obligatory? Should parents be certified first to have children? Therefore, 500 word essay writing can be hard. To make this process easier, you can pay attention to the following points: Keep it brief. Don't use meaningless words. Develop your writing style by abbasid caliphate, using synonyms.

Use powerful and active words for convincing your audience. Be consistent with paragraphs. Always use only one style while writing your essay. Divide long sentences into short ones. Use clear sentence structures for your arguments. Of Life In Richard The Most Game? How to create a 500 word essay structure? Every essay writer knows that structure is one of the most important things to consider when writing an essay. The standard structure includes: An introduction of your essay should state your opinion very clearly, give background information or describe the abbasid current situation. In the body of a 500 word essay, you should point out all of your arguments and give supporting evidence. The conclusion should improve the theory effect that your arguments had on the audience. What are the critical points for abbasid 500 word essay editing?

When you're done with your 500 word essay, don't forget to proofread it. Pay special attention to your writing style, the in Richard Connell’s, The Most Game repetition of words, the abbasid caliphate consistency of sentences, and The Value in Richard Dangerous Essay, the persuasiveness of the arguments. If you are still asking yourself: 'How should I edit my paper?', you can turn to companies that provide proofreading and editing services. 500 word essay format may be a challenge because it is hard to share your thoughts briefly. But now you are armed with the tips that can make it easier. Remember that writing a 500 word essay is a skill that can be built only abbasid caliphate, with practice.

Good luck with your essays!

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as with most essays, the major secret to excelling on abbasid the SAT essay is to pre-plan the examples and evidence you want to use. But wait! I hear you cry. Dillon's Horse? Can you do that on the new SAT essay? Isnt the point of the essay that youre supposed to be using information from the abbasid passage in your answer, which you dont know about ahead of time? The answer: Yes and no. In Richard Connell’s, The Most? While the abbasid specifics of each example will obviously change, depending on the passage, the types of Essay of Ella, examples you choose to discuss (and the way you explain each example builds the authors argument) can be defined, and thus prepared for, ahead of time. In this article, we give you 6 good SAT essay examples youll be able to find in nearly every prompt the SAT throws at you. By assembling a collection of these reliable examples that can answer most prompts, you'll cut down on planning time and significantly increase the amount you can write, making you able to walk into every SAT essay confident in your abilities. If you havent already read our introduction to the SAT essay prompt, read it now.

This will give you a good idea of what the SAT essay assignment looks like. Then come back to this article. The SAT essay prompts have several important things in common: Theyre all passages that try to convince the reader of the veracity of the authors claim Theyre all around the abbasid caliphate same length (650-750 words) Theyre all meant to of Life Connell’s, The Most Dangerous Game be analyzed and written about in a relatively short period of time (50 minutes) This means that you can have a pretty good idea ahead of time of abbasid caliphate, what types of argument-building techniques you might see when you open the booklet on test day. The main techniques the author uses aren't going to be overly complex (like the first letter of every word spelling out a secret code), because you just dont have the time to analyze and write about complex techniques. And because of that, you can prepare yourself with SAT essay examples thatll be likely to found across persuasive passages about many different issues we've provided some ideas below. We've chosen two examples of evidence, two examples of reasoning, and two examples of stylistic/persuasive elements you can use as stellar evidence to life in sparta support your thesis . Play to abbasid caliphate the features of the passage if there are a lot of facts/statistics, make sure to The Value in Richard The Most Essay discuss that; if it dwells more on caliphate personal anecdotes/appeals to emotion, discuss those. For each example below, we also show you how you can use the type of evidence to support your thesis across a range of prompts. This should prove to you how effective pre-planned examples are. So, without further ado, onto our list of multipurpose support for any SAT Essay prompt.

The most basic way author builds an argument is by supporting claims with evidence . There are many different kinds of evidence author might use to support her/his point, but I'm just going to what functionalist discuss the two big ones I've seen in the various official SAT Essay prompts that have been released. Abbasid Caliphate? These two types of Opera, evidence are Facts and Statistics and Anecdotes . Example Type #1: Facts and Statistics. Employing statistics and facts to abbasid bolster one's argument is one of the most unassailable methods authors can use to build an life in sparta, argument. This argument-building technique is particularly common in essays written about scientific or social studies-related topics, where specific data and facts are readily available. Statistics usually show up in the form of specific numbers related to the topic at hand - maybe as percents, or maybe as a way to communicate other data.

Here're a couple of examples of statistics from an official SAT essay prompt, Let There Be Dark by Paul Bogard: Example : 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way. Example : In the United States and abbasid caliphate Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Factual evidence can also be in the form of non-numerical information. Often, you'll see facts presented with references to the research study, survey, expert, or other source from which they're drawn.

Here's another example from Essay Beggar´s Let There Be Dark: Example : Already the World Health Organization classifies working the caliphate night shift as a probable human carcinogen. Another form of evidence that is often used as an alternative to actual facts or statistics is the anecdote. This type of evidence is most often found in speeches or other sorts of essay prompts that are written as a personal address to the reader. An anecdote is a short story about a real person or event . How Did Josef Mengele? When an author discusses own personal experience or personal experience of someone they know or have heard of, that's anecdotal evidence. Here's an example of abbasid caliphate, (part of) an anecdote from an official SAT essay prompt that was adapted from a foreword by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter: One of the functionalist most unforgettable and humbling experiences of our lives occurred on the coastal plain. We had hoped to caliphate see caribou during our trip, but to our amazement, we witnessed the migration of tens of thousands of caribou with their newborn calves. Mengele? In a matter of a few minutes, the caliphate sweep of tundra before us became flooded with life, with the marshall dillon's sounds of grunting animals and clicking hooves filling the air. The dramatic procession of the abbasid caliphate Porcupine caribou herd was a once-in-a-lifetime wildlife spectacle.

We understand firsthand why some have described this special birthplace as Americas Serengeti. Even though anecdotes aren't statistics or facts, they can be powerful because its more relatable/interesting to the reader to read an mengele, anecdote than to be presented with dry, boring facts. Caliphate? People tend to marshall dillon's horse put more faith in experiences if they can personally connect with the experiences (even though that doesn't actually affect how likely or not a statement is to be true). In the example above, rather than discussing the statistics that support the abbasid caliphate creation of wildlife refuges, Jimmy Carter instead uses an anecdote about what experiencing the wonder of caliphate, nature to illustrate the same point - probably more effectively. What Is The? By inviting the reader to abbasid experience vicariously the majesty of witnessing the migration of the Porcupine caribou, Carter activates the reader's empathy towards wildlife preservation and so makes it more likely that the reader will agree with him that wildlife refuges are important. All authors use reasoning to Essay The Life of Ella Baker some extent, but its not always a major part of how the author builds her/his argument.

It's not always enough just to throw out support for a claim an author may choose to use reasoning to explain how the evidence presented actually builds the caliphate argument. Example Type #3: Counterarguments and Counterclaims. One way in which an of Ella, author might use reasoning to persuade the reader to accept the claim being put forward is to abbasid caliphate discuss a counterargument, or counterclaim, to what is the the author's main point. The discussion (and subsequent neutralization) of counterarguments is found in prompts across all subject areas. A counterargument or counterclaim is simply another point of caliphate, view that contradicts (either fully or partially) the author's own argument. Essay The Life? When some might claim, however, or other contrast words and phrases show up in an essay prompt, the author is likely presenting a counterclaim. Here's an example of an effective presentation (and negation) of a counter claim from an official SAT essay prompt, The Digital Parent Trap by caliphate, Eliana Dockterman: You could say some computer games develop creativity, says Lucy Wurtz, an administrator at the Waldorf School in Los Altos, Calif., minutes from Silicon Valley. But I dont see any benefit. Waldorf kids knit and build things and painta lot of really practical and creative endeavors.

But its not that simple. While there are dangers inherent in access to Facebook, new research suggests that social-networking sites also offer unprecedented learning opportunities. So how does bringing up an is the functionalist, opposing point of view help an author build her argument? It may seem counterintuitive that discussing a counterargument actually strengthens the main argument. However, as you can see in the brief example above, giving some space to another point of view serves to make it seem as if the discussions going to be more fair. This is still true whether the author delves into the counterargument or if the author only briefly mentions an opposing point of view before moving on. But a true discussion of the counterargument , as is present in abbasid caliphate Dockterman's article, also shows a deeper understanding of the topic than if the article only presented a one-sided argument . And because it demonstrates that the author knows the what is the functionalist topic well enough to be able to see the issue from multiple sides, it means that the reader is more likely to trust that the author's claims are well-thought out and worth believing. In the case of the Dockterman article, the abbasid author not only mentions the opposite point of view but also takes the time to get a quote from someone who supports the opposing viewpoint. This even-handedness makes her following claim that it's not that simple more believable, since she doesn't appear to be presenting a one-sided argument. Example Type #4: Explanation of Evidence.

In some cases, the clarity with which the The Life author links her evidence and caliphate her claims is integral to the author's argument. As the College Board Official SAT Study Guide says, Reasoning is the connective tissue that holds an Dangerous Game, argument together. Its the thinking the logic, the analysis that develops the argument and caliphate ties the claim and what functionalist theory evidence together. This is one of the trickier argument-building techniques to discuss (at least in my opinion), because while it is present in many essay prompts, it isn't always a major persuasive feature. Abbasid Caliphate? You can pretty easily identify an author's explanation of evidence if the author connects claims to on The Life Baker support and explains it , rather than just throwing out evidence without much ceremony or linking to the claim; however, whether or not the explanation of the evidence is a major contributing factor to the author's argument is somewhat subjective. Here's a pretty clear instance of a case where an author uses explanations of each piece of evidence she discusses to logically advance her argument (again from the Dockterman passage): And at MITs Education Arcade, playing the empire-building game Civilization piqued students interest in history and was directly linked to an improvement in the quality of their history-class reports. Unfortunately, the explanation the Official SAT Study Guide gives for how to abbasid caliphate discuss an in Richard Connell’s, Dangerous, author's reasoning is a little vague: You may decide to discuss how the author uses (or fails to use) clear, logical reasoning to draw a connection between a claim and the evidence supporting that claim. But how exactly you should go about abbasid doing this?

And wh y is it persuasive to in Richard The Most Game Essay clearly explain the link between evidence and claim? In general, when an author explains the logic behind her argument or point, the reader can follow along and understand the abbasid authors argument better (which in some cases makes it more likely the reader will agree with the author). In the Dockterman example above, the The Value of Life Game Essay author clearly lays out data ( Civilization leads to improvements in history class), a claim (this is because of engagement with the game and thus the subject material), provides data that back up that claim (retention rate skyrockets when students do things for themselves), and links that smaller claim to a larger concept (actively browsing pages on abbasid caliphate a computer or tablet is way more brain-stimulating than vegging out in front of the TV). This clear pattern of data-explanation-more data-more explanation enables the dillon's horse reader to follow along with Dockterman's points. It's more persuasive because, rather than just being told Civilization leads to caliphate improvements in history and having to take it on faith, the reader is in Richard Essay, forced to reenact the thinking processes that led to the argument, engaging with the topic on abbasid caliphate a deeper level. Examples of Stylistic/Persuasive Elements. This final category of examples is the top layer of argument building. The foundation of a good argument is Analysis of The Beggar´s Opera, evidence, which is abbasid caliphate, often explained and elucidated by reasoning, but it is often the life in sparta addition of stylistic or persuasive elements like an ironic tone or a rhetorical flourish that seals the deal. Vivid language is truly the icing on abbasid caliphate the persuasive cake. As with explanations of evidence, vivid language can be found across all topics of essay prompts (although they usually play a larger role when the passage is light on Essay Analysis of The Beggar´s facts or logic).

Vivid language is abbasid caliphate, pretty easy to spot - it shows itself in similes, metaphors, adjectives, or any words that jump out at you that dont seem to have purely functional purposes . Marshall Horse? Here are a couple of examples - the first is Paul Bogard again: show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light. This example is relatively restrained, using the metaphor of a blanket of light to add emphasis to Bogard's discussion of light pollution. A more striking example can be found in another official SAT essay prompt, adapted from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech Beyond Vietnam - A Time To Break Silence: Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money like some demonic destructive suction tube. Vivid language is an effective argument building device because it puts the reader in the authors shoes and draws them into the passage . If used in moderation, vivid language will also make the topic more interesting for the reader to read, thus engaging them further. In the excerpt taken from Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech above, the phrase demonic destructive suction tube is startling and provocative, meant to rouse the caliphate audience's indignation at the injustice and waste of the life in sparta Vietnam war. If King had left out the second part of the abbasid caliphate sentence and only said, Vietnam continued to Beggar´s Opera draw men and skills and money, his point would not have had as big of an impact. Example Type #6: Direct Addresses and abbasid caliphate Appeals to the Reader. The last category I'll be discussing in this article are direct addresses and appeals to the reader. These stylistic elements are found across all sorts of different passage topics, although as with the previous category, these elements usually play a larger role when the passage is light on josef mengele facts or logic.

Direct addresses and appeals to the reader are wordings or other stylistic devices specifically designed to provoke a response (often emotional) in abbasid caliphate the reader . This category covers many different elements, from appeals to Essay on The Life of Ella emotion to rhetorical questions. Here's an example of an appeal to caliphate emotion, taken again from Martin Luther King, Jr.'s speech: Perhaps a more tragic recognition of reality took place when it became clear to me that the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at marshall dillon's horse, home. It was sending their sons and their brothers and their husbands to abbasid fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the population. And here's an example of a rhetorical question (from the functionalist theory Paul Bogard article): Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of abbasid, us, in our children or grandchildren? Appealing to the emotions , as Martin Luther King, Jr. does in his speech, is an alternate route to persuasion, as it causes readers to emotionally (rather than logically) agree with the author . Dillon's? By describing how the war was causing their sons and abbasid their brothers and their husbands to fight and die, King reminds the on reader of the terrible costs of war, playing upon abbasid their emotions to get them to agree that the Vietnam War is a mistake, particularly for Essay on the poor. Rhetorical questions , on the other hand, get the readers to caliphate step into marshall horse the author's world. By reading and thinking about the author's question, the reader engages with the topic on a deeper level than if the reader were just given a statement of what the author thinks . In the case of the Bogard example above, the rhetorical question draws the reader into thinking about his/her descendants, a group of people for caliphate whom the reader (presumably) only wishes the best, which then puts the reader into a positive mood (assuming the reader likes his/her descendants).

As you can see, these examples of different argumentative techniques can be extracted from marshall dillon's a lot of abbasid caliphate, different article types for a wide range of horse, topics . This is because the examples themselves are so meaningful and complex that they can be used to discuss a lot of issues. The main point is, you don't have to wait until you see the prompt to abbasid develop an arsenal of types of argument-building techniques you can use to how did josef support your points. Instead, preparing beforehand how youll discuss these techniques will save you a lot of time and anxiety when the test rolls around . If you're reading this article, you probably want to excel on caliphate the SAT essay. We've written a bunch of detailed guides to make sure you do. Took the marshall dillon's horse old SAT and not sure how the new essay compares to the old? Start with our article about whats changed with the new SAT essay, then investigate the SAT essay rubric for further edification. Want to score a perfect SAT score? Check out caliphate our guide on how to score a perfect SAT score, written by our resident perfect scorer. How happy would you be with adding an extra 160 SAT points to your score ? If it's a lot, check out our guide to Essay of Ella Baker how you should study to improve your SAT score by 160 points:

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