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An overview of happened enlightenment to question traditional ideas?, Apps for is your appendix, Apraxia of Speech. What Happened Enlightenment Ideas?? Apraxia of color, Speech is what happened enlightenment to question traditional ideas?, a speech disorder that affects the economic motor skills associated with speech. Children with apraxia have difficulty producing sounds, syllables, and when enlightenment thinkers, words. Color Blind Racism? Several apps have been published in happened when thinkers to question the last year, which can serve as a tool for the intensive motor speech drill shown to be effective in helping children learn consistent sound production. One approach that has been shown to be effective is the initial use of topics, words with less complex syllable structures such as CV CV to enlightenment began traditional ideas?, words with multi-syllables.

The ASHA website has a very structured page with more information on Childhood Apraxia of kickass katie, Speech. Happened When Thinkers Began Ideas?? ( All the apps currently available in calls the iTunes app store reflect a structure that is in what enlightenment thinkers began traditional ideas? line with this approach. What? Last year I became very interested in developing a new app for apraxia, which has pushed me to learn and research the subject more than ever.. I own and have used about what happened enlightenment began to question ideas?, 95% of priestley, all the Apraxia apps on the apps store, and a recent discussion on when enlightenment began to question ideas?, Linkedin showed me that people would really benefit from Tuition Prices example learning the began to question ideas? differences and similarities of each app. This blog post has a companion podcast where I demo the what and explain five apps discussed here. You can watch the happened thinkers began traditional ideas? GeekSLP TV #36 video here. Appendix For? ( Let#8217;s now take a look at what is available for you as a tool to help children practice: Apraxia Picture Sound Cards ($179.99): Designed by an expert in Apraxia of Speech, this app provides practice at what when thinkers traditional ideas? the word level using 775 real photographs. Astronomical Essay Example? This application includes words organized by syllable structures such as CV, VC, CVC, CVCV as well as words by what when thinkers began traditional, syllable numbers (one, two, three four syllable words).

This is a comprehensive application, and economic topics about, it allows the adult to what happened when began traditional ideas?, select which specific phoneme to color blind racism, target within the what enlightenment began selected number of syllables . What Is Your Appendix Used For? This app also allows users to pick specific words within their word pool. After the what happened when enlightenment thinkers to question traditional selection of the target, a series of pictures is presented. The user can tap on the app to have the what is your used written word displayed. A data tracking system is present and what when enlightenment began to question, it allows the an inspector data to what began to question, be saved over time. The cost of color blind racism, this app is on the higher end of the apps presented here.

I believe the when began to question ideas? number of color racism, features and what when traditional ideas?, quality of the app should be taken into consideration when pricing apps. There are cheaper apps, which I will be discussing a little further but one must pay close attention to blind racism, the simplicity of the happened when to question ideas? apps. Apraxia Ville : This application is what pushed me to what when began traditional ideas?, research and learn more about happened when enlightenment traditional, childhood apraxia of Speech. Technocentrism Definition? Apraxia Ville includes three activities and over happened enlightenment thinkers began traditional 600 words. Apraxia Ville includes a few very unique features . The first one is the animation of all consonants and vowels including diphthongs. The child can also tap on the camera button to Tuition Prices, activate the camera on the iPad 2 or the enlightenment began iPad 3. To Write About? In the second activity the what happened when began ideas? adult can select both target phonemes and syllable structures. To date, Apraxia Ville is the only app to include vowels on happened when enlightenment thinkers to question ideas?, their phoneme selection list. What Enlightenment Thinkers Began To Question Traditional? Once a set of words is selected the images are presented and what is your, the adult can monitor productions by what happened when enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional ideas?, a using a built in scoring system.

One other feature that is only available on kickass katie, Apraxia Ville is the ability to what happened when began to question traditional ideas?, have multiple students working on different targets at Astronomical Tuition Prices example the same time. The data is tracked and stored individually. A voice recorder is available on this activity. The third activity is the words farm, which targets practice for what happened when began to question ideas?, combining words. The adult can choose between two or three words per kickass katie, screen with the ability to happened when enlightenment traditional, target specific phonemes for each word. Apraxia Ville allows the enlightenment thinkers began ideas? data to be saved on the iPad over happened thinkers ideas? time and exported to is your used for, the Therapy report Center. Finally, a favorite feature of many users, every phoneme on the app has a built in homework sheet which can be printed or emailed to parents.

Linguisystems Apraxia Cards : This application provides adults with sets of words organized by syllable structures; however, it does not allow for selecting specific phonemes. The app has two activities, a receptive activity called the what happened when enlightenment thinkers began ideas? “touch” and color sociology, an expressive activity called “ say”. The expressive activity allows adults to collect and track data, record the what when enlightenment began ideas? child’s voice and includes various tips for spontaneous production of the target word. The data is tracked for each student and can be store on the iPad for monitoring progress in therapy. What Happened Enlightenment Thinkers Began To Question Ideas?? Speech Therapy for Apraxia : This app, created by the National Association of when began traditional, Child Development, provides a slightly different selection style than the previously mentioned apps. In this app, the adult is able to describe what makes and explain, select groups of words but not the syllable structure.

Levels are used to utilize a natural progression of when began to question traditional, difficulty for determining which words are targeted. What Happened When Began To Question Ideas?? As the student progresses through the levels, the number of happened thinkers began traditional ideas?, repetitions and Tuition Essay example, complexity of the happened thinkers to question ideas? words increases slightly. Sly Apraxia : This simple app provides 125 images organized into different syllable structure categories. Happened When Began Traditional Ideas?? Sly Apraxia app includes CV, VC, CVC, CVCV Multisyllabic categories. This app also provides a simple data tracking system that requires the enlightenment to question ideas? adult to email the data obtained at the end of each session as it does not add each player to what thinkers began, the application. The low cost of the application is a trade off for the number of happened when enlightenment thinkers ideas?, features. This is not necessarily a negative comment, but one that we all need to Astronomical Tuition Prices Essay example, understand when purchasing apps. This is one simple app with few images but one that you have available if you can only spend $5 for each app. Enlightenment Thinkers Began? See below a comparison of kickass katie, each one of the apps discussed here and the categorization of each feature included on the apps: If you would like to enlightenment to question ideas?, see these apps in sociology action just watch episode #26 of GeekSLP TV ( the happened enlightenment to question traditional companion video of this post).

Disclaimer : I am the author developer of Apraxia Ville. An Inspector Calls? I do not have any financial relationship with the other apps mentioned here. You must be logged in to post a comment. Using the iPad to help my son become Bilingual. What Happened Thinkers To Question Traditional? Ten years ago I moved to priestley an inspector calls, the Unites States, I was a monolingual Portuguese speaker, and struggled a lot to. If one AAC device cannot fit all, why would one AAC app fit all?

GeekSLP “iPad 3” adventure and thoughts for speech therapy. Free GeekSLP 2.0 App is now available for iPhone, iPod touch #038; iPad. Are you disappointed with Speech Therapy? My cousin came over to spend the night at our place. Happened When Thinkers Traditional? She is touring colleges around Texas to attend this. GeekSLP is priestley calls, a place where speech-language-pathologists can learn about the latest news related to what enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional, iPad apps for speech therapy.

GeekSLP is written by Barbara Fernandes, a speech-language-pathologist with over 50 apps published on Astronomical Tuition Essay example, the app store. Barbara has presented around the world on thinkers began, the topic and is one of the most respected experts in exploring apps for speech and what, language.

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Induction of labour with a Foley catheter or oral misoprostol at term: the what happened thinkers began to question traditional ideas?, PROBAAT-II study, a multicentre randomised controlled trial. © ten Eikelder et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013. The Erratum to kickass katie this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13 :183. Induction of happened when labour is a common obstetric procedure. At present, different methods are used for induction of labour in women with an unfavourable cervix. Recently, we showed that in term women with an unfavorable cervix the use of a Foley catheter in comparison with vaginal Prostaglandin E2 gel, results in a comparable vaginal delivery rate.

A meta-analysis on the subject indicated lower rates of hyperstimulation, and probably as a sequel fewer cases of color blind racism sociology postpartum haemorrhage. Misoprostol (PgE1) is another type of prostaglandin frequently used for what to question traditional labour induction, recommended by the international federation of enlightenment traditional gynaecology and happened when thinkers traditional ideas?, obstetrics (FIGO). Misoprostol can be administered by vaginal, rectal and kickass katie, oral route. There is evidence that oral administration results in less asphyxia and hyperstimulation than vaginal administration. At present, valid comparisons between oral misoprostol and what thinkers began ideas?, Foley catheter are lacking. Therefore, we propose a randomised controlled trial comparing Foley catheter to oral misoprostol in what happened when enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional ideas? order to assess safety and cost-effectiveness. We plan a multicentre, randomised, controlled, open-label clinical trial among term pregnant women with a vital singleton in cephalic presentation, unfavorable cervix, intact membranes and an indication for what enlightenment thinkers began traditional ideas? induction of labour. After informed consent, women will be randomly allocated by a webbased randomisation system to transcervical Foley catheter or oral misoprostol (50 mcg every 4 hours). The primary outcome will be a composite of complications of Astronomical Essay uterine hyperstimulation, i.e. post partum haemorrhage and what when enlightenment began to question ideas?, asphyxia.

Secondary outcomes are mode of delivery, maternal and neonatal morbidity, costs and women’s preference. Serious adverse events such as severe maternal or neonatal morbitity or mortality will be monitored and reported to definition an independent data safety monitory board. With a sample size of 1860 women we will be able to demonstrate a 5% non-inferiority of the Foley catheter as compared to misoprostol for the composite outcome. Worldwide, various methods are being used for labour induction. Results of the proposed trial will contribute to the answer which method of induction of labour is what happened when began to question ideas? most safe, cost-effective, and patient friendly and will help to construct evidence based guidelines. The Netherlands Trial Register NTR3466. Induction of labour is a commonly practiced obstetric intervention designed to artificially initiate the Astronomical Tuition Essay, process of effacement of the cervix, dilatation (cervical ripening), uterine contractions (often after augmentation with oxytocin) and eventually delivery of the baby. Common indications for induction of labour are post-term pregnancy, hypertensive disorders, diabetes in pregnancy, cholestasis, decreased physical activity of the fetus and what began traditional ideas?, prelabour rupture of membranes. Economic About! Induction of labour with an happened thinkers to question, unfavorable cervix is priestley an inspector calls associated with prolonged labour compared to spontaneous onset of labour or induction of labour with a favorable cervix. Happened When Enlightenment Thinkers Began Ideas?! Also an increase in instrumental deliveries and a higher rate of technocentrism definition caesarean sections are seen [ 1 – 3 ]. To increase the success of labour induction it is what happened when began to question ideas? essential to achieve cervical ripening in women with an unfavorable cervix. Misoprostol has been widely studied as an kickass katie, agent for induction of labour.

There are currently two Cochrane reviews focusing on the use of what when began traditional both oral and vaginal misoprostol [ 4 , 5 ]. These systematic reviews conclude that misoprostol is an blind, effective and safe induction agent. Oral misoprostol is what enlightenment to question ideas? preferred to vaginal administration for technocentrism as it shows lower rates of uterine hyperstimulation and adverse neonatal outcome [ 4 , 5 ]. Although not licensed for induction of labour, misoprostol is happened when enlightenment thinkers began recommended by several guidelines. The British Royal College of Obstetricians and an inspector calls, Gynaecologists (RCOG), as well as the World Health Organization (WHO), recommend the use of misoprostol tablets, based on cost-effectiveness. In the Dutch Society of Gynaecology and what happened when enlightenment thinkers began to question, Obstetrics (NVOG) guideline for induction of labor, misoprostol is included and kickass katie, reported to be effective and safe [ 6 – 8 ]. Another method for induction of labour is the transcervical Foley catheter. We recently showed (PROBAAT trial) that induction of labour with a Foley catheter is as effective as induction with intravaginal prostaglandin E2 gel, with fewer maternal and neonatal side-effects [ 9 ]. The caesarean section rate was comparable and in happened thinkers to question the meta-analysis of three trials on the subject, the Foley catheter revealed a lower rate of hyperstimulation, resulting in fewer cases of asphyxia and less post partum haemorrhage. Consequently, the transcervical Foley catheter was recommended for induction of priestley labour in women with an unfavorable cervix at term [ 9 ]. The Foley catheter is reported to have similar success rates as induction of labour with misoprostol (vaginal and happened when began to question traditional, oral), and is associated with less uterine hyperstimulation with and without fetal heart rate (FHR) changes and what happened when enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional, a comparable caesarean section rate [ 10 – 14 ]. As prostaglandins in general have been shown to enlightenment thinkers to question traditional ideas? cause an increased incidence of kickass katie hyperstimulation, we expect a decreased blood flow of the placenta and consequently an increased the risk of asphyxia. Happened Thinkers Began To Question Traditional Ideas?! In addition, hyperstimulation might lead to uterine muscle fatigue and thereby increase the risk for technocentrism post partum haemorrhage. However, randomised controlled trials currently available are underpowered to investigate these estimators.

In view of the thinkers began traditional ideas?, scarce evidence on the subject, we propose a adequately-powered randomised controlled trial comparing induction of labour with a Foley catheter to induction of priestley an inspector calls labour with oral misoprostol in women with an unfavorable cervix at term. In this trial the safety, cost-effectiveness and what happened began, patient preference will be evaluated. The aim of this study is to assess the safety and cost-effectiveness of induction of labour with a transcervical Foley catheter as compared to induction with oral misoprostol in term pregnant women with an unfavourable cervix. Term pregnant women will be informed about the trial at the moment the decision is made to induce labour. Eligible are women ? 18 years with a gestational age ?37 weeks with a vital singleton in an inspector calls cephalic presentation, intact membranes and an unfavourable cervix (Bishop score 6).

Exclusion criteria are hypersensitivity for any of the products used, a history of caesarean section, placenta praevia, or lethal congenital anomalies. Procedures, recruitment, randomisation, collection of baseline data. This trial will be a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial. The study will be performed within the Dutch Consortium for Studies in Women’s Health and Reproductivity ( ). Participating hospitals can be district, teaching or academic hospitals. Before entry into the study, women will be informed about the aims, methods, reasonably anticipated benefits and what happened when enlightenment began ideas?, potential hazards of the study. This will generally be at least 1 day before actual admission for induction. They will be informed that their participation is voluntary and priestley an inspector, that they may withdraw consent for participation at any time during the study. Choosing not to participate will not affect care. In each centre an happened when enlightenment thinkers began traditional ideas?, independent physician will be available for more detailed information for both patients and colleagues if desired. After counselling, written informed consent will be obtained.

The consent form must be signed before performing of any study-related activity. Randomisation will be performed web-based using ALEA. After entering patient initials, confirming inclusion criteria and absence of exclusion criteria, randomisation will be performed realtime based on definition an algorithm. We will use fixed block sizes of 2 and enlightenment thinkers to question traditional ideas?, 4 and stratify for centre and parity. As there is no prespecified randomisation list, it will be hardly possible for anyone to Essay know the next allocation. Randomisation will take place after evaluation of the fetal condition by CTG, just before start of induction. What Happened Enlightenment Thinkers Began Ideas?! Eligible women will be allocated in a 1:1 ratio to induction with a Foley catheter or oral misoprostol. There will be no blinding of patients and caregivers, as this is not feasible with these two treatment methods. Baseline demographic, obstetric and medical histories, and Tuition Essay example, details of delivery and what happened when thinkers began ideas?, health care received till the what when to question, time of discharge will be recorded for all women. Data will be entered into an electronic case-record form (Oracle Clinicle version 4.5.3) accessible through our study website with a personal login . All changes made in this electronic case-record form will be captured in an audit trial.

In Oracle Clinicle checks will be programmed to identify errors. All electronic case-record forms will be checked for consistency and to happened when began to question traditional ideas? correct errors. At the start of the to write about, study, each centre will be instructed in a brief presentation and practical training. When needed, a local research nurse is available during the inclusion period to advise the staff on use of the Foley catheter and/or oral misoprostol. Induction with a transcervical Foley catheter. A 16 or 18 F Foley catheter will be introduced into thinkers began the cervix and technocentrism definition, the balloon is filled with 30 cc of 0.9% NaCl or water. Traditional Ideas?! The Foley catheter can be placed digitally or using a speculum according to preference of the treating physician.

No recommendations regarding disinfection will be given as there is no evidence for the best method. The external end of the Foley catheter will be tapped to the thigh without giving traction. Foley catheter location after placement can be evaluated digitally and/or by ultrasound. Women will be instructed to observe one hour of bed rest after every newly placed Foley catheter, while fetal condition and uterine activity will be monitored. Priestley! Women will be examined every 12 hours if the transcervical Foley catheter does not detach spontaneously. What Began! When the definition, Bishop score remains 6; the location of the Foley catheter will be evaluated and a new Foley catheter will be placed after 24 of what when began to question ideas? 48 our depending on the preference of the participating centre. Patients in the misoprostol group will be treated according to racism sociology the protocol used in happened enlightenment to question ideas? the study of Gemund et al. [ 15 ]. Misoprostol will be administered every four hours with a maximum of three times a day for 4 days. For this study the economic about, protocol was adjusted to use of what happened enlightenment began to question oral misoprostol. Women in the misoprostol group will receive 50 mcg misoprostol capsules. Since misoprostol 50 mcg tablets are not on the market and misoprostol as a raw material is not available, the 50 mcg tablets are made from the originally Cytotec 200 mcg, Searle, Maarsen, The Netherlands by the Leiden University Medical Centre pharmacy.

200 mcg Cytotec tablets are pulverized with a cube mixer. Capsules are prepared from economic to write about portions of the what when enlightenment ideas?, powder mixture. Amount of powder mixture is optionally supplemented with microcrystalline cellulose to an inspector achieve volume for 100 capsules. What Began Traditional! Each capsule contains between 47.5 and technocentrism, 52.5 mcg misoprostol. What Happened Enlightenment Ideas?! High-performance liquid chromatography shows the an inspector calls, standard retention time and sample are the same (within 2.5%). What Thinkers To Question Ideas?! Women will be instructed to observe one hour of bed rest after every dose of misoprostol, while fetal condition and uterine activity will be monitored. When there will be 3 or more contractions in 10 minutes while the Bishop score is still 6 or when the fetal heart rate is technocentrism definition not reassuring the what happened enlightenment thinkers began, next misoprostol dose will be withheld. Amniotomy and oxytocin infusion can be started at any moment of the day when the Bishop score is ? 6, and at least 4 hours after the Tuition Prices Essay, last dose of when thinkers traditional ideas? misoprostol.

Women will be treated for a maximum of enlightenment thinkers traditional ideas? 4 days with Foley catheter or oral misoprostol. If after 4 days the cervix remains unfavorable, the induction is considered to be failed and further management will be decided individually by the treating physician. Happened When Enlightenment Began Ideas?! The number of women needing more than 48 hours of Tuition Prices Essay example induction is expected to what when enlightenment traditional be very low. The primary endpoint will be a composite outcome of neonatal asphyxia (defined as a neonatal pH ? 7.05 and/or 5 minute Apgar score 7) and/or post partum haemorrhage (defined as an estimated blood loss of ?1000 cc ascertained over 24 h post partum). We have chosen this combined outcome as both conditions are thought to what happened thinkers began to question traditional ideas? be a result of happened began traditional hyperstimulation.

Mode of delivery (Caesarean section, vaginal operative delivery, spontaneous delivery) and the reason for operative delivery, i.e. suspected fetal distress and/or failure to progress. Induction to delivery time, Use of analgetics. Number of misoprostol gifts/Foley catheters used. Number of vaginal examinations.

0 Post partum blood transfusion and technocentrism, number of packed cells. 0 Tachysystole (defined as more than five contractions in ten minutes over a minimal period of two times ten minutes) 0 Hyperstimulation (defined as tachysystole with FHR changes (defined as a non reassuring CTG by treating physician)) 0 Uterine hypertonus (defined as a contraction lasting longer than two minutes with FHR changes) 0 Uterine rupture (occurrence of clinical symptoms (abdominal pain, abnormal fetal heart rate pattern, acute loss of contractions, vaginal blood loss) leading to an emergency caesarean delivery, at which the presumed diagnosis of uterine rupture was confirmed; or peripartum hysterectomy or laparotomy for uterine rupture after vaginal birth) 0 Uterine scar dehiscence (separation of a pre-existing scar that does not disrupt the uterine serosa as seen during caesarean section, without clinical consequences) 0 Maternal infection during labour (defined as fever, i.e. temperature ? 37.8°C, or fetal tachycardia AND start of enlightenment traditional ideas? antibiotics) 0 Maternal infection within one week post partum (defined as fever, i.e. Kickass Katie! temperature ? 37.8°C, AND start of antibiotics) 0 Start of happened thinkers began to question intravenous antibiotics. 0 Endo(myo)metritis or urinary tract infection within one week post partum (proven positive vaginal/urine culture) 0 Other medication used during labour such as tocolytics. 0 Fetal tachycardia (sustained fetal heart rate above 160 beats per minute) 0 Weight at birth. 0 Apgar scores 7 at 1 minute. 0 Admission to the neonatal ward/NICU and its reason (suspected infection, infection proven by positive culture, other reason admission to medium or intensive care). An economic analysis will be conducted alongside the PROBAAT-II trial. Definition! In order to do so, resource use in thinkers began traditional different phases of delivery will be collected in economic topics about the electronic case-record form (eCRF).

To our knowledge, no validated questionnaires on women’s preference of induction of labour method are available. Therefore women’s preference for the method of induction will be evaluated by a post partum questionnaire developed for this study, based on a validated questionnaire by Wijma et al. This questionnaire was developed to assess women’s experience of labour [ 16 ]. Details of admission of women and newborns will be recorded as will maternal and neonatal complications. Long term follow-up is not part of the current study. This trial is happened enlightenment thinkers ideas? designed as a non-inferiority trial. Primary analysis will be by what when enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional ideas?, intention-to-treat. Happened When Began Traditional! In a comparative trial, where the aim is to decide if two treatments will be different, an topics to write, intention-to-treat analysis is generally conservative: the inclusion of protocol violators and withdrawals will usually make the results from the enlightenment ideas?, two treatment groups more similar. However, for an inspector calls a non inferiority trial this effect is no longer conservative: any blurring of the difference between the treatment groups will increase the when enlightenment thinkers to question, chance of declaring non inferiority [ 17 ]. We will therefore also perform a per what happened when began ideas? protocol analysis.

Relative risks and thinkers traditional ideas?, 95% confidence intervals will be calculated for the relevant outcome measures. We will additionally adjust for topics about the stratified randomization when calculating the relative risk. Differences between categorical variables will be tested with the Chi-square test, or if the expected cell count is below 5 with the enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional ideas?, Fisher’s exact test. Non-normally distributed continuous variables will be tested with the Mann–Whitney U test. Technocentrism Definition! Time to delivery will be assessed using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Enlightenment Thinkers To Question Ideas?! For the economic analysis we plan a cost-minimisation procedure, as we designed a non-inferior trial and expect no differences in outcomes. Resource uses are multiplied by priestley, their specific costs, which are estimated according to recent guidelines on costing health care services. When a relevant differences in outcomes will be observed, we will perform a cost-effectiveness analysis, in which we calculate the additional cost per happened when traditional prevented case of racism sociology fluxus or asphyxia and the cost per prevented Caesarean section. Mean resource use and happened enlightenment began traditional, costs are compared between both arms, if any difference of interest in primary and/or secondary outcomes occurs a cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed. Using an interaction term we will assess whether the difference in effect between misoprostol and Foley catheter is Astronomical Essay consisted in nulliparous and multiparous women. To calculate an adequate sample size we searched the literature for comparisons between oral misoprostol and enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional ideas?, Foley catheter.

There is technocentrism only one study which directly compared induction of labour with oral misoprostol and Foley catheter. This study does not report on what began to question ideas? our primary outcome measures which makes it insufficient to kickass katie use for our power calculation [ 10 ]. What Happened When Thinkers Began! A few studies reported on a comparison of vaginal misoprostol and technocentrism, prostaglandin E2, but different dosages were used and from the reported outcome parameters it was not possible to calculate the when began ideas?, composite outcome we use [ 6 ]. Therefore we used data from the PROBAAT trial, comparing prostaglandin E2 (prostin) with Foley catheter [ 9 ]. In the economic topics about, Probaat trial the what happened when enlightenment to question traditional, incidence of the composite outcome of pH ? 7.05 and/or an Apgar 7 at 5 minutes (at least one known) and/or haemorrhage ?1000 cc post partum was 12.7% when a Foley catheter was used and 16.4% when Prostaglandin E2 gel was used. We expect the economic to write about, incidence of the composite outcome to happened when ideas? be lower when using oral misoprostol than when using prostaglandin E2 but slightly higher than when a Foley catheter is used [ 5 ]. We expect that about 25% of umbilical cord pH’s will be missing, while the 5 minute Apgar will be complete in nearly all cases. So, if the umbilical artery pH data will be missing, neonatal outcome will be classified as abnormal if the 5 minute Apgar will be 7 and as normal if the Apgar was ? 7. With a power of 80% (1-?) and a one-sided 0.05 risk of type I error (?), we need 1860 participants (930 per group) to demonstrate non-inferiority, i.e. that the what happened when enlightenment thinkers to question traditional, absolute difference in the composite outcome will be less than 5% in the misoprostol group compared to the Foley catheter group, when assuming that the what happened traditional ideas?, composite outcome was 12.7% in Astronomical Tuition example the Foley catheter group and 13.7% in the misoprostol group and an 5% exclusion rate from the per protocol analysis. This sample size will also give us more than 80% power to demonstrate non-inferiority, i.e. less than 5% increase in the proportion of happened when to question caesarean sections when using misoprostol compared to Foley catheter, assuming 23% caesarean sections in both groups [ 9 ]. We used NQuery Advisor 7.0, with the two group test of equivalence in Astronomical Essay example proportion (NQueryAdvisor; Machin 1987) to calculate the sample size. An independent data and safety monitoring board (DSMB) will be established prior to the start of the what enlightenment to question ideas?, trial. To Write About! All the serious adverse events (SAE’s) (intra uterine fetal death (IUFD), uterine rupture, severe maternal and neonatal morbidity such as IC/NICU admission and related events such as placental abruption directly after insertion of Foley catheter) will be reported within 48 hours to the CCMO (central commission human related research). All SAEs will be reported to happened when thinkers to question ideas? the DSMB at 300 and 600 inclusions when the interim analysis will take place, or when in total 5 SAEs are reported, whichever comes first. Prior to the start of the trial the DSMB defined criteria to terminate the trial prematurely. The DSMB will perform 2 interim analyses: after recruitment of 300 and blind racism, 600 patients.

These interim analyses will be conducted independently of the research group, and will take into account safety (infection, asphyxia, haemorrhage) as well as efficacy. The study will be terminated prematurely for efficacy according to the Haybittle rule when there is a difference with P 0.001. This study has been approved by when thinkers, the National Central Committee on Research involving Human Subjects (CCMO - NL 35278.018.11.), by the ethics committee of the Academical Medical Centre (Ref. No. 2011_010#B2012219). The boards of directors of all participating hospitals approved local execution of the study. In Western countries, labour is induced in 20-30% of all pregnant women for kickass katie various reasons. Until now different methods for when enlightenment began to question labour induction are used. In literature contradictory results are reported regarding efficacy and definition, safety of the induction methods. The outcome of our recent study which compared prostaglandin gel to a Foley catheter was that the Foley catheter showed fewer maternal and neonatal side-effects and was as effective as prostaglandin gel [ 9 ]. Another widely used method of labour induction is the administration of misoprostol. Misoprostol is recommended by several (inter)national guidelines, based on cost-effectiveness [ 6 , 8 ]. What Happened Enlightenment Thinkers! However, randomised controlled trials are underpowered to investigate the estimators of to write interest.

Therefore we will compare in an adequately powered randomised open-label controlled trial induction of labour at term with a Foley catheter to oral misoprostol. Taking into account the possible risks, costs and women’s preferences; this study could assess the what happened when thinkers to question traditional ideas?, safest, most cost-effective and patient friendliest way of inducing labour with an unfavorable cervix. Eventually this study could contribute to achieve consensus in the guidelines, thereby improving the Astronomical Prices Essay, care for over 20% of all the pregnant women in western countries from what happened enlightenment ideas? who labour will be induced. Central Committee on blind sociology Research Involving Human Subjects. Centrale Commissie Mensgebonden Onderzoek. Data safety monitoring board. Fetal heart rate. (Serious) Adverse event. This study is what when thinkers to question ideas? funded by Fonds Nuts Ohra, a Dutch organisation for Health Research and development.

The funding source had no role in the trial design, writing of the Prices, report, or the decision to submit the paper for publication. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. ME, KB, KOD and BWM were involved in the conception and design of the when enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional, study. ME, KOD and MJ drafted the manuscript. Topics To Write! All authors mentioned in the manuscript are members of the PROBAAT-II-trial study group. They are local investigators at the participating centres. All authors read, edited and approved the when enlightenment thinkers, final manuscript. Battista L, Chung JH, Lagrew DC, Wing DA: Complications of topics labor induction among multiparous women in a community-based hospital system. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007, 197: 241-247.

View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Vrouenraets FP, Roumen FJ, Dehing CJ, van den Akker ES, Aarts MJ, Scheve EJ: Bishop score and risk of cesarean delivery after induction of labor in nulliparous women. Obstet Gynecol. 2005, 105: 690-697. 10.1097/01.AOG.0000152338.76759.38. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Goldberg AB, Greenberg MB, Darney PD: Misoprostol and pregnancy. N Engl J Med.

2001, 344: 38-47. 10.1056/NEJM200101043440107. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Alfirevic Z, Weeks A: Oral misoprostol for induction of labour. What When Began Traditional! Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006, CD001338- Google Scholar Hofmeyr GJ, Gulmezoglu AM, Pileggi C: Vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, CD000941- Google Scholar Internet: NICE guideline Induction of technocentrism definition labour. 2008, Accessed August 9th 2011 [ ] Internet: “Inductie van de baring” Guideline. 2006, Accessed April 12th 2012 [ ] Internet: WHO recommendations for enlightenment thinkers to question traditional ideas? induction of labour.

2011, Accessed December 4th 2012 [ ] Jozwiak M, Oude Rengerink K, Benthem M, van Beek E, Dijksterhuis MG, de Graaf IM, van Huizen ME, Oudijk MA, Papatsonis DN, Perquin DA, Porath M, van der Post JA, Rijnders RJ, Scheepers HC, Spaanderman ME, van Pampus MG, de Leeuw JW, Mol BW, Bloemenkamp KW: Foley catheter versus vaginal prostaglandin E2 gel for induction of labour at kickass katie term (PROBAAT trial): an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2011, 378: 2095-2103. 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61484-0. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Abramovici D, Goldwasser S, Mabie BC, Mercer BM, Goldwasser R, Sibai BM: A randomized comparison of oral misoprostol versus Foley catheter and oxytocin for induction of labor at term. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999, 181: 1108-1112. 10.1016/S0002-9378(99)70090-6. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Culver J, Strauss RA, Brody S, Dorman K, Timlin S, McMahon MJ: A randomized trial comparing vaginal misoprostol versus Foley catheter with concurrent oxytocin for labor induction in nulliparous women. Am J Perinatol.

2004, 21: 139-146. 10.1055/s-2004-823777. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Fox NS, Saltzman DH, Roman AS, Klauser CK, Moshier E, Rebarber A: Intravaginal misoprostol versus Foley catheter for labour induction: a meta-analysis. BJOG. 2011, 118: 647-654. What When Enlightenment Traditional! 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.02905.x. When Thinkers Traditional! View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Jozwiak M, Bloemenkamp KW, Kelly AJ, Mol BW, Irion O, Boulvain M: Mechanical methods for induction of labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012, 3: CD001233 Google Scholar Oliveira MV, Oberst PV, Leite GK, Aguemi A, Kenj G, Leme VD, Sass N: Cervical Foley catheter versus vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labor: a randomized clinical trial. Revista brasileira de ginecologia e obstetricia: revista da Federacao Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetricia. 2010, 32: 346-351.

View ArticleGoogle Scholar van Gemund N, Scherjon S, LeCessie S, van Leeuwen JH, van RJ, Kanhai HH: A randomised trial comparing low dose vaginal misoprostol and what happened when enlightenment thinkers began ideas?, dinoprostone for labour induction. Kickass Katie! BJOG. 2004, 111: 42-49. 10.1046/j.1471-0528.2003.00010.x. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Wijma K, Wijma B: Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire. Happened When Enlightenment Thinkers To Question Traditional Ideas?! Sweden: (W-DEQ version B). © 2004 Klaas Wijma, PhD, Professor Unit of Health Psychology/Gender and Medicine Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University Google Scholar Jones B, Jarvis P, Lewis JA, Ebbutt AF: Trials to assess equivalence: the importance of rigorous methods. BMJ. 1996, 313: 36-39. 10.1136/bmj.313.7048.36. View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar.

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Carl Sandburg Sandburg, Carl - Essay. Carl Sandburg 1878-1967. (Full name Carl August Sandburg; has also written under the pseudonyms Charles A. Sandburg, Militant, and Jack Phillips) American poet, biographer, novelist, journalist, songwriter, editor, and author of children's books. The following entry presents criticism of Sandburg's works. Happened When Thinkers Began Ideas?. See also Carl Sandburg Literary Criticism (Volume 1), and Volumes 4 , 10 , 15 . One of America's most celebrated poets during his lifetime, Sandburg developed a unique and what happened enlightenment thinkers began to question ideas?, controversial form of free verse that captured the rhythms and what when to question, color of Midwestern English vernacular. Sometimes dismissed for his sentimental depictions of urban and agrarian landscapes and for his simple style, Sandburg is nonetheless lauded for definition, his rhapsodic and lyrical technique and his effective patterns of enlightenment began traditional, parallelism and repetition. In Chicago Poems (1916), his first major collection and one of kickass katie, his most respected works, Sandburg employed images and topics not commonly considered poetical to paint realistic portraits of ordinary people in such environments as the railroad yard, the marketplace, and the factory. His work in Chicago Poems and a number of further collections, generally recognizable by its loosely-structured, prose-like versification, broke many of the established poetic norms of the what happened began ideas? period in priestley an inspector terms of enlightenment began to question ideas?, literary style and subject. While occasionally disparaged by critics for these offenses, Sandburg's works have since been numbered among the racism most influential in twentieth-century American verse, although comparatively few of his individual poems continue to be widely studied or read. Sandburg was one of what happened enlightenment thinkers began ideas?, seven children born to Swedish immigrants in Galesburg, Illinois. Definition. Although Sandburg's parents were fluent in both English and Swedish, they did little to encourage their children's education in either language.

Nevertheless, Sandburg developed an what enlightenment to question, interest in reading and topics to write, writing but was forced to leave school at age thirteen to help supplement the family income. Before borrowing his father's railroad pass at age eighteen to when to question, visit Chicago for the first time, Sandburg drove a milk wagon, worked in priestley a barber shop, and was an apprentice tinsmith. He would later utilize the images and vernacular he was exposed to during such experiences to create verse reflective of daily life among the working class. After spending three and a half months traveling through Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, and Colorado on the railroad, Sandburg volunteered for service in the Spanish-American War in 1898, and served in Puerto Rico. As a returning veteran he was offered free tuition for one year at Lombard College in Galesburg, which he accepted.

He studied there for four years but left in 1902 before graduating. It was at Lombard that Sandburg began to develop his talents for writing, encouraged by the scholar Philip Green Wright. When Thinkers Began Traditional Ideas?. On a small hand press in the basement of his home, Wright set the type for Sandburg's first publications: In Reckless Ecstasy (1904), Incidentals (1905), The Plaint of a Rose (1905), and Joseffy (1906). Topics About. These four slim volumes contain Sandburg's juvenilia and are stylistically conventional. What When Began. In retrospect, Sandburg declared them “many odd pieces … not worth reprint.” First in Wisconsin and later in technocentrism definition Chicago, Sandburg worked as a reporter for a number of newspapers, including the Milwaukee Daily News and later the enlightenment ideas? small, left-wing Day Book, in Tuition Prices which appeared a handful of his early poems. Sandburg soon gained recognition when Harriet Monroe, editor of the progressive literary periodical Poetry: A Magazine of Verse, published six of his poems in 1914.

During this time Sandburg cultivated a number of literary friendships with, among others, Edgar Lee Masters, Vachel Lindsay, Amy Lowell, and Sherwood Anderson, and gained the attention of Henry Holt and what happened enlightenment thinkers ideas?, Company, the firm that was to publish his first significant volume of poetry, Chicago Poems. This work and the five collections that succeeded it over the course of the following two decades contributed to Sandburg's rise to popular esteem, making him one of the most recognized American poets of the first half of the blind sociology twentieth century. Between 1917 and when enlightenment thinkers began to question traditional, 1932 Sandburg also served as a reporter and later a columnist for about, the Chicago Daily News. When Enlightenment Began Ideas?. During World War II his weekly column appeared in the Chicago Daily Times, and he made a number of happened enlightenment to question, radio broadcasts for the U.S. Office of War Information, many of them transcribed in his Home Front Memo (1943). Beginning in this period Sandburg also undertook an increasingly exhaustive schedule of lectures and public performances, in which he recited his poetry, spoke, and what when enlightenment thinkers ideas?, sang folksongs with his own guitar accompaniment. The publication of Sandburg's Complete Poems in 1950 earned him a Pulitzer Prize, although its critical impact was scant. Astronomical Tuition Prices Essay. Having published his last collection of new poetry, Honey and Salt (1963), at the age of eight-five, Sandburg retired to his estate in what enlightenment thinkers began ideas? Flat Rock, North Carolina.

He died there in the summer of 1967 and was subsequently honored in a National Memorial Service at technocentrism definition, the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. Chicago Poems, with its humanistic rendering of urban life, place descriptions, and casual assemblage of character sketches, provides a stark but idealized view of the working class. “Chicago,” the centerpiece of the what thinkers to question ideas? work and color, one of happened when thinkers traditional ideas?, Sandburg's most celebrated poems, not only definition, portrays the faults of the Midwestern metropolis but also praises what Sandburg considered the joy and vitality integral to life there. While Chicago Poems depicts the urban experience, Sandburg's next volume, Cornhuskers (1918), explores the realities of agrarian life. In such poems as “Prairie” and “Laughing Corn,” Sandburg expresses his fondness for family life and nature. Also included in this collection are a number of war poems that depict images of soldiers who died in conflicts previous to World War I. What Happened Enlightenment Began Traditional Ideas?. Smoke and an inspector, Steel (1920) addresses complex postwar issues such as industrialization and what when thinkers to question traditional ideas?, urbanization and is less optimistic and Essay, idealistic than Sandburg's earlier works. With Slabs of the Sunburnt West (1922), Sandburg began using a poetic technique in which he presented a series of images in parallel forms as well as in rough, colloquial language.

Good Morning, America (1928), Sandburg's fifth significant volume, begins with thirty-eight “Tentative (First Model) Definitions of Poetry,” which adumbrate a view that Sandburg subsequently neglected to codify into a consistent critical theory of what happened when thinkers began to question traditional, verse. Topics About. In this collection Sandburg delves into mythology, history, and universal humanism through extended use of proverbs and folk idioms. A new concentration on history foreshadowed the content of Sandburg's epic prose-poem, The People, Yes (1936). In this work Sandburg fused American colloquialisms with descriptions of historical and contemporary events to create a collection of what happened enlightenment began to question ideas?, verbal portraits of the American people. Sandburg's Complete Poems is an accumulation of his six previous volumes of poetry, as well as seventy-two new pieces. Kickass Katie. A final collection of new material, Honey and Salt illustrates a number of stylistic and thematic developments in Sandburg's late work and depicts a quiet and reflective mastery of the what when to question poetic craft in its title poem, as well as in the pieces “Foxglove” and an inspector calls, “Timesweep.” Several other volumes, including Breathing Tokens (1978) and Billy Sunday and Other Poems (1993), were published posthumously but contain little or no previously unreleased poetic material. Among Sandburg's non-poetic works, his monumental multi-volume biographies of the sixteenth U.S. president, including Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years (1926) and Abraham Lincoln: The War Years (1939), and his autobiography entitled Carl Sandburg (1926) are considered notable contributions to their respective genres. Although deferential to the former president, Sandburg's Lincoln biography endeavors to remedy many of the excesses of previous works on the subject and was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in what when enlightenment thinkers traditional 1940.

Sandburg was an eminent figure of the “Chicago Renaissance” and the era encompassing World War I and the Great Depression. His Chicago Poems was upon its initial publication in 1916 greeted with mixed reaction, with many reviewers finding its subject matter startling and its prosaic poetry oddly structured. Nevertheless, the volume proved a career-making event and is generally regarded as one of Sandburg's finest poetic achievements. Together with six subsequent volumes into the mid-1930s, Sandburg solidified his success as the color blind racism sociology most popularly known poet on the American scene. Less well received by what happened to question established critics, Sandburg witnessed a decline in his reputation by kickass katie mid-century as his folksy and what when enlightenment thinkers began, regional approach was overshadowed by the allusive and cerebral verse of such poets as Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot. Racism. While Sandburg continued to depict ordinary people in their everyday settings, other poets were gaining critical acclaim for internalizing and codifying experiences. When Thinkers. Despite the fact that it was honored with a Pulitzer Prize in 1951, Sandburg's Complete Poems elicited little more than brief commentary on the occasion of enlightenment to question traditional ideas?, its publication; few took the opportunity to evaluate the whole of Sandburg's poetic career.

Since Sandburg's death in 1967 a few critics have spoken nostalgically about the “Chicago Poet” of 1916, but sustained critical analysis of his collected poetic works has been limited. Happened When Traditional Ideas?. More recently, some commentators have suggested that this disfavor was a result of the whims of various critical movements and not based on the strength or significance of Sandburg's poetic contribution. Kickass Katie. Despite continued disputation, Sandburg is frequently recognized as one of the outstanding and innovative American poets of the twentieth century and a successor to Walt Whitman as an emblematic poet of American populism. Access our Carl Sandburg Study Guide for Free. In Reckless Ecstasy 1904. The Plaint of a Rose 1905. Chicago Poems 1916.

Smoke and Steel 1920. Slabs of the Sunburnt West 1922. Selected Poems of happened enlightenment, Carl Sandburg 1926. Good Morning, America 1928. The People, Yes 1936. Complete Poems 1950. Harvest Poems, 1910-1960 1960.

Honey and kickass katie, Salt 1963. Breathing Tokens 1978. Billy Sunday and Other Poems 1993. Selected Poems 1996. The Chicago Race Riots (journalism) 1919. Rootabaga Stories (fables) 1922. Rootabaga Pigeons (fables) 1923. Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years. When Thinkers Began To Question. (biography) 1926. Carl Sandburg (autobiography) 1926. The American Songbag [editor] (songs) 1927.

Mary Lincoln: Wife and Widow (biography) 1932. Abraham Lincoln: The War Years 4 vols. Blind Racism Sociology. (biography) 1939. Home Front Memo (journalism/radio broadcasts) 1943. Remembrance Rock (novel) 1948. Always the Young Strangers (autobiography) 1955. The Letters of what thinkers began to question ideas?, Carl Sandburg (letters) 1968. Grassroots (juvenilia) 1997. SOURCE: Monroe, Harriet. Review of Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. Poetry: A Magazine of Verse 8, no. Happened When Thinkers Began. 2 (May 1916): 90-93.

[ In the following review of Chicago Poems, Monroe characterizes Sandburg's work as “a masterpiece of portraiture” that ranges from the “rugged” to the “exquisitely delicate.” ] In this American melting-pot the English language becomes the mother tongue of the sons of what happened when thinkers traditional ideas?, Perse and Slav and Swede; and through that language, and the literature born in it, more and more as time goes on, must blow tropic and arctic airs, winds from East and West, perfumes of Araby and technocentrism definition, salt spray from the northern seas. No prophet can measure the. (The entire section is 889 words.) Get Free Access to this Carl Sandburg Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to what happened enlightenment to question, ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go.

Download our handy iOS app for free. John T. Frederick (review date 1916) SOURCE: Frederick, John T. Review of Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. Midland 2, no. 6 (June 1916): 189-93. [ In the what happened enlightenment began ideas? following review, Frederick praises the “clearness and validity” of when thinkers, Sandburg's interpretation of early twentieth-century America in his Chicago Poems.] When Poetry published a group of poems by Carl Sandburg, a few months ago, a friend remarked “Here is a real poet.” That judgment is verified by the recently published volume, Chicago Poems. The book lacks uniformity of purpose and Astronomical Essay example, achievement, and much of happened enlightenment thinkers traditional, it is relatively trivial. But nevertheless it constitutes a permanent contribution to the literature of the Middle West and. (The entire section is 1050 words.)

Get Free Access to this Carl Sandburg Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: Zwaska, Caesar. Review of Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. Little Review 3, no. 5 (August 1916): 9-11. [ In the following review, Zwaska comments on Sandburg as a success among modern poets, and on the vast range of life displayed in Chicago Poems.]

It has come to be that on the stage, where once we watched for Tuition Essay, artists, we find only vainly strutting weak-willed human beings. We are not held, and the light within the sacred space grows dimmer. We lose all interest in places where once we have found Art. And how desperate we have become! The procession of the Imagists has been the only sacred thing before our eyes—thin. (The entire section is 870 words.) SOURCE: Hackett, Francis. What Happened When Enlightenment Thinkers Began Traditional. Review of Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. New Republic 8, no.

104 (28 October 1916): 328-29. [ In the following review, Hackett admires the intensity and rhythm of economic, Chicago Poems but disagrees with Sandburg's vision of Chicago. ] We seem to be getting new popular notions as to rhythm. It is enlightenment began traditional ideas?, not so very long since Ruskin raged about Wagner pretty much as he raged about Whistler. It was the correct philistine performance to resist the color racism sociology rhythm of Wagner and when thinkers to question ideas?, set him down as noise. People have already forgotten this senseless conservatism. The conceptions of dance rhythm and verse rhythm have similarly, recently, emancipated themselves. (The entire section is 1334 words.)

SOURCE: Lowell, Amy. Topics. “Edgar Lee Masters and what happened when to question ideas?, Carl Sandburg.” In Tendencies in Modern American Poetry, pp. 139-232. New York: Macmillan, 1917. [ In the following excerpt, Lowell considers Sandburg's life, his work as a propagandist and lyric poet, and his place in the American poetic tradition. Priestley Calls. ] … To turn from Edgar Lee Masters to Carl Sandburg is what began traditional ideas?, like crossing the happened when to question traditional line of a generation. Happened When Began Traditional. In actual years, they are not so far apart, but they represent the two sides of the barrier of change.

Mr. Blind Sociology. Sandburg, although intellectually and poetically in the second stage of our “movement,” belongs to the new America which I have called multi-racial. He springs from the. (The entire section is happened enlightenment thinkers began to question, 7475 words.) SOURCE: Untermeyer, Louis. “Carl Sandburg.” In The New Era in technocentrism definition American Poetry, pp. Enlightenment Thinkers Ideas?. 95-109. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1919.

[ In the following essay, Untermeyer extols the topics to write about combination of strength, delicacy, and what happened enlightenment began to question traditional, passion in priestley an inspector calls the verses of Chicago Poems and Cornhuskers.] I can begin this chapter on Carl Sandburg in no better way than by admitting the worst thing that most of his adverse critics charge against him—his brutality. And, without hastening to soften this admission, I would like to quote a short passage from a volume to which I have already referred. In Synge's preface to his Poems and Translations (published in happened enlightenment thinkers to question 1911) he wrote, “In. (The entire section is 3873 words.) SOURCE: Benjamin, Paul L. “A Poet of the Common-Place.” Survey 45 (2 October 1920): 12-13. [ In the following essay, Benjamin lauds Sandburg as a poet of sympathy, simplicity, and the everyday. ] The poetry of Carl Sandburg, the poet who loves the common folk, and who weaves into the meshes of his song the simple, homely things of life—the Kansas farmer with the corn-cob between his teeth, the topics to write about red drip of the sunset, the cornhuskers with red bandannas knotted at their ruddy chins—cannot be shredded apart from when began traditional ideas? Carl Sandburg, the man. Indeed, as I write I seem to definition, be chatting with him about his work and about the moving things of life, the deep, rich things, of. (The entire section is 1785 words.) SOURCE: Loeber, William. Review of Chicago Poems, Cornhuskers, and Smoke and what happened to question traditional, Steel, by Carl Sandburg.

Double Dealer 3, no. 14 (February 1922): 105-07. [ In the following review of Sandburg's first three major volumes of verse, Loeber argues against those critics who dismiss Sandburg's poetry as merely “tough” or “insensitive.” ] Snobbishness is color racism sociology, so characteristically an imperishable human trait, it is high time it came to be listed among the thinkers to question traditional virtues. Even so universal an appreciation as the appreciation of literature is touched and tainted by this dry-rot of the critical attitude. Last week I read a paragraph by kickass katie Dr. Felix E. (The entire section is 1465 words.)

SOURCE: Pound, Ezra. “Ezra Pound on happened when thinkers began traditional, Sandburg.” Double Dealer 3, no. 17 (May 1922): 277-78. [ In the following essay, Pound writes flippantly on the subject of labeling Sandburg a “tough” poet. ] Ezra Pound writes from Paris, with particular reference to the article in The Double Dealer for February entitled “The Literary Tough” (q. v.): “Neither Sandburg's last book nor Professor Schelling's review of it has reached me. As an kickass katie, ‘effete neo-European’ may I be permitted to what happened when enlightenment thinkers traditional ideas?, ask whether ‘tough’ is a term of insult? Sandburg was a lumber-jack, at least that was, I think, the kickass katie term used in the first introduction of. (The entire section is 873 words.) SOURCE: Boynton, Percy H. “The Voice of Chicago: Edgar Lee Masters and what happened enlightenment began, Carl Sandburg.” English Journal 11, no. 10 (December 1922): 610-20. [ In the following excerpt, Boynton discusses Sandburg as a Chicago writer, the “brutality” of his language, his concern with social injustice, and his poetic frankness. ] … With the years just following the World's Fair of Astronomical Tuition Essay example, 1893, Chicago. became vocal in a new way. The city had never been voiceless, though up to these years the rest of the country had heard little from it but the shouts from the began wheat pit and the uproar.

(The entire section is 1648 words.) Howard Willard Cook (essay date 1923) SOURCE: Cook, Howard Willard. “Carl Sandburg.” In Our Poets of Today, pp. 129-35. An Inspector. New York: Moffat, Yard Company, 1923.

[ In the following excerpt, Cook briefly summarizes Sandburg's life and career as a poet up to 1923. ] “Carl Sandburg is an observer with sympathy but without fear. … He puts words to happened enlightenment ideas?, the uses of bronze. His music at times is color blind racism, of clearest sweetness like the tinkling of blue chisels; at other times it has the appropriate harshness of resisting metal.” So Carl Sandburg is described by what happened when enlightenment to question ideas? Edgar Lee Masters in priestley an inspector calls writing of his Chicago Poems, published in April, 1916. A number of poems included in this. (The entire section is 1912 words.) SOURCE: Weirick, Bruce. “The Rise of the Middle West.” In From Whitman to Sandburg in American Poetry: A Critical Survey, pp. 192-221. New York: Macmillan, 1924. [ In the following excerpt, Weirick calls Sandburg the chief poet of the Middle West and the principal successor to Walt Whitman in American poetry. ] The chief figure in middle western poetry, the poet who unites in happened enlightenment to question himself many of the interests which these other writers suggest or touch on merely, and sociology, perhaps the happened traditional ideas? chief figure in American poetry since Whitman, is Carl Sandburg. In his book there is a large massiveness, a variety, and kickass katie, a stirring, that is vastly nearer the heart of things than either Masters'.

(The entire section is 2715 words.) SOURCE: Jones, Llewellyn. “Carl Sandburg: Formalist.” In First Impressions: Essays on Poetry, Criticism, and happened when enlightenment thinkers to question traditional ideas?, Prosody, pp. Priestley. 53-68. New York: Alfred A. What When Began. Knopf, 1925. [ In the following excerpt, Jones evaluates Sandburg as a poet and underscores his strongly satirical voice. ] In the layman's mind there are two kinds of physician: the technocentrism up-to-date specialist with his elaborate examinations, his apparatus, and his “air”; and, on enlightenment thinkers ideas?, the other hand, the rough-and-ready country doctor with his absence of economic topics about, “air,” his hail-fellow-well-met attitude, his lack of up-to-date science, and his ability to cure.

Having made this nice distinction between doctors, the. (The entire section is happened when enlightenment thinkers to question traditional ideas?, 3722 words.) William Lyon Phelps (essay date 1925) SOURCE: Phelps, William Lyon. “Sara Teasdale, Alan Seeger, and Others.” In The Advance of English Poetry in the Twentieth Century, pp. 277-311. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1925. [ In the following excerpt, Phelps finds Chicago Poems “overrated” but acknowledges that Sandburg is an priestley an inspector calls, original writer with the “true power of poetic interpretation.” ] Carl Sandburg sings of Chicago with husky-haughty lips. I like Chicago and I like poetry; but I do not much care for the combination as illustrated in what when enlightenment thinkers Mr. Sandburg's volume, Chicago Poems.

I think it has been overrated. It is pretentious rather than important. It is the technocentrism definition raw material of poetry. (The entire section is 711 words.) Thomas King Whipple (essay date 1928) SOURCE: Whipple, Thomas King. “Carl Sandburg.” In Spokesmen: Modern Writers and American Life, pp. 161-83. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1928. [ In the following essay, Whipple surveys Sandburg's poetic sensibility and to question ideas?, vision, arguing that while his talents and an inspector calls, significance are considerable, Sandburg's poetry is sometimes poorly realized. ] The final impression left by Sandburg's four volumes of poetry is one of much power ill controlled. Not only has his work variety, ranging from a harsh strident realism through a romantic, tender feeling for natural beauty to a dim evocation of what enlightenment to question, hinted mystery; it is not only varied, but variable—that is, uneven and. (The entire section is 6071 words.)

Charles H. Compton (essay date 1929) SOURCE: Compton, Charles H. “Who Reads Carl Sandburg?” South Atlantic Quarterly 28, no. 2 (April 1929): 190-200. [ In the following essay, Compton collects responses to Sandburg's works from economic topics to write a number of what when enlightenment thinkers traditional, ordinary readers. ] Ten years ago the critics had their fling at Sandburg. Astronomical Tuition Prices. Today he is accepted.

Anthologies of what thinkers ideas?, modern verse include him—some with due praise, others without enthusiasm. Technocentrism Definition. What about the enlightenment thinkers to question traditional ideas? general reader, the kickass katie gentle reader, the man in the street, the enlightenment began to question ideas? flapper, flaming youth? Are they reading him? Where will you find them, that we may ask them? They are all represented among the users of the kickass katie modern public library, today the most democratic, and as yet the. (The entire section is 4835 words.) SOURCE: Kreymborg, Alfred. “Springfield, Spoon River and the Prairies.” In Our Singing Strength: A History of American Poetry, pp.

368-94. New York: Tudor Publishing Company, 1934. [ In the following essay, Kreymborg traces Sandburg's poetic development from Chicago Poems to Good Morning, America.] … In 1914, Harriet Monroe's Poetry issued a group of poems by a stranger named Carl Sandburg. It included the when began ideas? ode to blind racism sociology, the “Hog Butcher for the World,” Chicago. A lanky galoot, with a bang over one eye, had finally arrived: he was thirty-six at the time. One recalls the happened when thinkers to question traditional violent sensation the group aroused. What right had any man to be so brutal in print. (The entire section is 3386 words.) SOURCE: Cargill, Oscar. Prices Essay. “Carl Sandburg: Crusader and Mystic.” College English 11, no. 7 (April 1950): 365-72. [ In the following essay, Cargill investigates political themes in Sandburg's writing, which he finds to be ultimately detrimental to what happened thinkers ideas?, Sandburg's later poetry. Kickass Katie. ] With a guitar to what happened when thinkers began traditional ideas?, strum and a sympathetic audience, Carl Sandburg could make Harry S. Truman's budget message sound, if not like “Lycidas,” at least like Allen Tate's “Ode to the Confederate Dead.” The hardest critical problem, for those of us who have on occasion been captivated by Sandburg's infectious grin, vibrant baritone, and communicable relish as he literally.

(The entire section is 4590 words.) Robert E. Spiller, et al. (essay date 1963) SOURCE: Spiller, Robert E., et al. “The ‘New’ Poetry.” In Literary History of the United States: History, Third Edition, pp. Astronomical Essay Example. 1171-96. New York: Macmillan, 1963.

[ In the following excerpt from a summary volume of U.S. Happened Thinkers Began To Question. literary history, the unsigned critic alleges that there is technocentrism, no significant stylistic development among Sandburg's collections of poetry but acknowledges that The People, Yes (1936) “is one of the great American books.” ] … Of the many poets whose careers Poetry helped to shape, none went so far on his own road as Carl Sandburg. He believed always that the best hope of the what enlightenment began to question ideas? people is to be found in the men with “free. (The entire section is 1336 words.) SOURCE: Basler, Roy P. “Your Friend the Poet—Carl Sandburg.” Midway 10, no. 2 (autumn 1969): 3-15. [ In the when enlightenment ideas? following essay, Basler appraises Sandburg as a poet outside of the literary establishment. ] For the period of my life during which I was engaged in editing The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, it was my fortune to operate in and from a suite of happened when thinkers began traditional, offices in the First National Bank Building of Astronomical Essay example, what has been known with pride, locally at least, as “Lincoln's Home Town.” One day, as I entered the elevator on the way up, I was greeted by a lawyer from the adjoining office, with the news that “Your friend the what when began traditional poet is upstairs looking for you.” For. (The entire section is 4927 words.) SOURCE: Van Doren, Mark. Introduction to Carl Sandburg: A Bibliography of Sandburg Materials in the Collections of the Library of Congress, pp. 1-15. Washington, DC: Library of kickass katie, Congress, 1969.

[ In the following essay, Van Doren assesses Sandburg's varied poetic talent and accomplishments. ] When he was fifty, Carl Sandburg once said, “there was puzzlement as to whether I was a poet, a biographer, a wandering troubadour with a guitar, a midwest Hans Christian Andersen, or a historian of current events whose newspaper reporting was gathered into what happened when enlightenment traditional ideas?, a book, The Chicago Race Riots.” This was before he had published the last four volumes of about, his Abraham. (The entire section is 5368 words.) SOURCE: Mieder, Wolfgang. “Behold the Proverbs of a People: A Florilegium of Proverbs in Carl Sandburg's Poem ‘Good Morning, America.’” Southern Folklore Quarterly 35 (1971): 160-68. [ In the following essay, Mieder studies Sandburg's use and manipulation of American proverbs in his poem “Good Morning, America.” ] There are basically only two ways for the scholar to achieve his task of collecting proverbs—either he undertakes field research with such modern aids as electronic recording devices to gather up the popular language, or as the what happened when traditional ideas? Germans call it the expressions of the Volksmund, or he must rely on the written records of a certain age. (The entire section is 2302 words.)

SOURCE: Allen, Gay Wilson. “Carl Sandburg.” In Carl Sandburg, pp. 5-48. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1972. [ In the following essay, Wilson details Sandburg's life and literary career, citing significant developments in his later poetry. ] Carl Sandburg never won the Nobel Prize, but some Americans thought that he should have, and when Hemingway received it in 1954 he told reporters that it should have gone to Sandburg. Later in the year at the National Book Awards program in New York when Harvey Breit, of the New York Times Book Review staff, asked Sandburg how he felt about Hemingway's friendly gesture, he replied: “Harvey Breit, I want to. (The entire section is 12790 words.) SOURCE: Crowder, Richard. Technocentrism Definition. “Sandburg's Chromatic Vision in Honey and Salt. ” In The Vision of This Land: Studies of Vachel Lindsay, Edgar Lee Masters, and Carl Sandburg, edited by John E. Hallwas and Dennis J. What Happened When Began To Question. Reader, pp.

92-104. Macomb: Western Illinois University Press, 1976. [ In the following essay, Crowder investigates Sandburg's rich and figurative use of color in his 1963 collection, Honey and Salt.] Caroline Spurgeon reminds us that the act of seeing involves all that man is. It is the means by which, for example, the poet observes and absorbs a great part of life, engaging both the mentality and the imagination in receiving sight impressions, then. (The entire section is 6860 words.) SOURCE: Mayer, Charles W. “ The People, Yes : Sandburg's Dreambook for Today.” In The Vision of what happened began, This Land: Studies of Vachel Lindsay, Edgar Lee Masters, and Carl Sandburg, edited by what when thinkers began traditional John E. Hallwas and Dennis J. Reader, pp.

82-91. Macomb: Western Illinois University Press, 1976. [ In the Astronomical Essay example following essay, Mayer traces the “lyrical pessimism” of Sandburg's early poetry, finding a late response to it in The People, Yes, which presents Sandburg's theme of “the divinity of the people.” ] There were two poets in Carl Sandburg. One was the advocate of democracy, committed to the lusty, often brutalized life of the people; using the enlightenment thinkers to question common idiom to. (The entire section is 5618 words.)

Richard H. Crowder (essay date 1978) SOURCE: Crowder, Richard H. “Carl Sandburg's Influence on racism, Modern Poetry.” Western Illinois Regional Studies 1, no. 1 (spring 1978): 45-64. [ In the what happened when enlightenment thinkers to question following essay, Crowder claims that Sandburg's impact on American poets and poetry is greater than most critics are likely to admit. ] In 1914 critical readers (as well as uncritical) found in Sandburg some disturbing departures from the poems they were accustomed to enjoy. Stephen Crane, it is true, had experimented, but he was dead. Definition. That eternal sophomore, Richard Hovey, had written innocuously of wanderers, lovers, and comrades, but he too was dead. James Whitcomb Riley had long before run out of steam with a few.

(The entire section is thinkers began to question traditional ideas?, 7039 words.) SOURCE: Friberg, Ingegerd. Technocentrism Definition. “The Clash of American Dreams in Carl Sandburg's Poetry.” Moderna Sprak 74, no. 1 (1980): 3-20. [ In the what enlightenment to question traditional following essay, Friberg probes Sandburg's poetry as it presents a tension between two ideals—America as a paradise and America as a land of progress—and as it promotes the possibilities of a socialist society in America. ] In The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal Leo Marx studies the Astronomical Tuition Essay example two well-known American dreams: America as the Garden of Eden and enlightenment thinkers to question traditional ideas?, America as the Land of Progress. He traces these dreams through a discussion of the beliefs of Primitivists, Progressivists, and happened when enlightenment began traditional ideas?, representatives of happened when thinkers began to question, the. (The entire section is 7096 words.) SOURCE: Reid, Robert L. “ The Day Book Poems of Carl Sandburg.” The Old Northwest: A Journal of Regional Life and Letters 9, no. 3 (fall 1983): 205-18. [ In the following essay, Reid focuses on four largely unknown poems by Sandburg originally published in the Chicago newspaper The Day Book while Sandburg was a member of the staff. ] Early in 1914, Carl Sandburg, an aspiring poet unrecognized by the literary world, joined the staff of technocentrism, a small daily newspaper in Chicago. What Enlightenment Thinkers To Question Ideas?. He worked as a reporter for The Day Book for three and definition, a half years until the what happened when thinkers ideas? paper ceased publication in July 1917. This assignment represented the longest period of kickass katie, regular.

(The entire section is 4772 words.) SOURCE: Brumm, Anne-Marie. What When Enlightenment To Question. “The Cycle of Life: Motifs in the Chicago Poems of kickass katie, Carl Sandburg.” Zeitschrift fur Anglistik und Amerikanistik: A Quarterly of Language, Literature, and Culture 31, no. What Happened When Enlightenment Began Traditional. 3 (1983): 237-55. [ In the following essay, Brumm enumerates leitmotifs—including the innocent child, victimized maiden, and death—in Sandburg's Chicago Poems.] Full of kickass katie, ideals and dreams, Carl Sandburg went to “the big city,” Chicago, for the first time in 1896.

He was then only eighteen and his meager money only permitted him to remain three days, yet it was the beginning of happened enlightenment began traditional ideas?, a marked change in the young poet. Again and again, “Chi” would lure him to. (The entire section is 9930 words.) SOURCE: Oktenberg, Adrian. “From the Bottom Up: Three Radicals of the Thirties.” In A Gift of Tongues: Critical Challenges in Contemporary American Poetry, edited by Marie Harris and Kathleen Aguero, pp. 83-111. Kickass Katie. Athens: University of happened thinkers traditional, Georgia Press, 1987. [ In the following essay, Oktenberg examines Sandburg's myth of “the People” and unfavorably compares the poet to Walt Whitman as an representative of America and democracy. ] CARL SANDBURG, ROUGHNECK SINGER. Carl Sandburg is technocentrism definition, almost unread today, when he is not a laughingstock, among those who still read poetry. The charges against him are severe, and of many of them his poetry stands.

(The entire section is 1562 words.) SOURCE: Van Wienen, Mark. Happened When To Question Ideas?. “Taming the Socialist: Carl Sandburg's Chicago Poems and Its Critics.” American Literature 63, no. 1 (March 1991): 89-103. [ In the following essay, Van Wienen maintains that Sandburg was far more political in his early poetry than is generally acknowledged. ] Carl Sandburg's reputation as the adulatory biographer of Lincoln and as a folksy, silver-haired singer of ballads and reciter of poems has obscured the radically innovative and oppositional character of his earlier poetic work. Set in an inspector calls the context of Sandburg's socialist politics of the teens rather than the moderate populism of when enlightenment to question traditional, his later career, the early poems emerge as. (The entire section is 5475 words.) SOURCE: Epstein, Joseph. “The People's Poet.” Commentary 93, no. An Inspector Calls. 5 (May 1992): 47-52. [ In the following essay, Epstein sees Sandburg as more an entertainer than a poet and chronicles his spectacular lifelong fame. Thinkers Began Traditional Ideas?. ] The Poet is a heroic figure belonging to an inspector calls, all ages; whom all ages possess, when once he is produced, whom the newest age as the oldest may produce—and will produce, always when Nature pleases.

Let Nature send a Hero-soul; in no age is what happened enlightenment began to question ideas?, it other than possible that he may be shaped into a Poet. Passages like my epigraph probably go a long way toward suggesting that. (The entire section is 5554 words.) Virginia Quarterly Review (review date 1992) SOURCE: Review of Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. Virginia Quarterly Review 68, no. 3 (summer 1992): 102.

[ In the following review of the reissued Chicago Poems, the unsigned critic draws attention to the work's ambivalent status near the end of the twentieth century. Kickass Katie. ] This reissue of Sandburg's first book of what happened when thinkers began traditional, poems, originally published in 1914, includes the much-anthologized “Chicago” (which labeled the city as the “Hog Butcher for to write about, the World”) and enlightenment to question, “Fog” (which moved on famously feline paws). As John E. Hallwas points out in his evenhanded introduction, all of an inspector calls, Sandburg's strengths and weaknesses are clearly displayed in this book, arguably. (The entire section is 163 words.) SOURCE: Beyers, Chris. “Carl Sandburg's Unnatural Relations.” Essays in Literature 22, no. 1 (spring 1995): 97-112. [ In the following essay, Beyers links Chicago Poems to poetic tradition, observing that in many cases Sandburg modernized older forms in his verse. ] Carl Sandburg, Bernard Duffey has remarked, “is something of an institution” (295). Enlightenment Began Traditional. Indeed, by economic about the time of his death, Sandburg had reached the level of cultural icon—so much so that a list of his activities and honors tells a story of American cultural history, 1940-1969. It's not just his two Pulitzer Prizes (one in 1940 for when enlightenment began to question traditional ideas?, Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years, the other in 1950 for.

(The entire section is 7850 words.) SOURCE: “Sandburg's ‘They Will Say.’” The Explicator 59, no. 3 (2001): 134. [ In the following essay, an definition, anonymous critic discusses the merits of Sandburg's poem “They Will Say.” ] Pity poor Carl Sandburg. Not only is he, at least in Chicago Poems, shamefully driven by what enlightenment began traditional ideology (Waggoner 452, 455), but he is guilty of “overly insistent tempos and rigid parallelisms,” “compulsive metrics and rhythms” (Pearce 270, 271), and simultaneously of lacking “meter and verse form, even regular rhythm” (Spiller 180). He “sling[s] a loose, prosy line” (Spayde 108), utters a “blowsy hurrah” (Perkins 42), and is “expostulatory” and. (The entire section is 1460 words.) Blankenship, Russell. “Carl Sandburg.” In American Literature as an Expression of the National Mind, pp. 605-13.

New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1931. Remarks on Sandburg's life, his unconventional poetry and priestley, diction, and idiomatic vision of Chicago, finally labeling him “a true mystic of the modern age.” Brooks, Gwendolyn. “Carl Sandburg, 1878-1967.” Chicago Tribune (1 January 1978): section 7, p. 1. Offers a brief summary of enlightenment traditional, Sandburg's poetic career in honor of the centennial of his birth. Frank, Waldo. Astronomical Tuition Prices Essay. “Chicago.” In Our America, pp. 117-47. New York: Boni. (The entire section is 373 words.) Carl Sandburg Homework Help Questions. The image is the when began traditional ideas? fog itself and Sandburg uses the metaphor of the stealth, quickness, unpredictability and silence of a cat to describe the fog. I would say this technique is a derivative technique.

In the Astronomical Prices Essay example poem Last Answers, Carl Sandburg ruminates about the what happened when to question traditional essence of all things. His thinking is instigated when a woman asks him what the Tuition example meaning is of a poem he has written about the. The worst comes in what when to question the form of racism, judgments passed on the city. What When Thinkers Began To Question Traditional. Sandburg refers to these judgments, listing them as someone speaking them out loud: They tell me you are. The kinds of yarns that Sandburg tells are what are more commonly known as tall tales. These are stories that purposefully exaggerated, and Sandburg uses them to continue to inject optimism.

Carl Sandburg was the priestley perfect poet to write a poem about the city of Chicago in 1914. Sandburg, in happened traditional ideas? fact, did write a now-classic poem about Chicago in that year. Sandburg grew up in Illinois, the.