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bad academic writing Centre for Academic Success. There's no great mystique about an academic writing style. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! The most important thing is to keep your writing clear and according to maslow the highest order are concise and make sure that you get your ideas over in a comprehensible form. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! It's clear expression of these ideas that will impress your tutor, not a string of long, inappropriate words found in your dictionary. A wide range of vocabulary is of course important, but you must use the right word, and shorter ones are often better than longer ones. Delinquency! The most important thing to remember is Anti-Hero Essay generally to try to avoid everyday, informal language, especially colloquial expressions and slang. Causes Of Poverty! Also, spoken language is Essay naturally full of Robotics in the Essay hesitations, repetitions, grammatical errors and Prufrock unfinished ideas. In your writing, however, structure is much more important: sentences should be complete and forest facts ideas arranged into paragraphs or sections, and Prufrock you should aim for define delinquency, perfection in your grammar and spelling. Prufrock Anti-Hero! However, especially if English is not your first language, don't become too obsessed with this, to define delinquency, the point perhaps of copying word for word from Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay your sources. What#8217;s important is define that you clearly show your understanding of the subject and Essay your ability to manipulate information to answer a specific question or complete a specific task, and renaissance occur as long as any grammar errors you make don#8217;t impede this, then it shouldn#8217;t be a problem. AVOID SOME ASPECTS OF INFORMAL ENGLISH. don't use colloquial language or slang (eg kid, a lot of/lots of, cool) always write as concisely as you can, with no irrelevant material or #8220;waffle#8221;. Anti-Hero! generally avoid phrasal verbs (e.g. When Occur! get off, get away with, put in Anti-Hero etc): instead, use one word equivalents. avoid common but vague words and phrases such as get, nice, thing.

Your writing needs to be more precise. avoid overuse of brackets; don#8217;t use exclamation marks or dashes; avoid direct questions; don#8217;t use #8220;etc#8221;. Robotics Field! always use capital letters appropriately and Anti-Hero never use the type of causes of poverty in pakistan language used in texting! See the practice exercises at the end of the Essay guide. Rapunzel Tale! divide your writing up into paragraphs (see Guide 1.35). use connecting words and phrases to make your writing explicit and easy to follow (see Guide 1.39). check your grammar and spelling carefully (see Guide 1.42). Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! MAKE YOUR WRITING FORMAL AND IMPERSONAL. avoid being too dogmatic and renaissance occur making sweeping generalisations. It is Anti-Hero Essay usually best to use. some sort of #8220;hedging#8221; language (see below) and to fairy tale, qualify statements that you make. you should consistently use evidence from your source reading to back up what you are saying and reference this correctly. Essay! avoid sexist language, such as chairman, mankind. Don#8217;t refer to #8220;the doctor#8221; as he; instead, make the priestley an inspector calls subject plural and Essay refer to them as they . Avoid he/she, herself/himself etc. use nominalisation; that is, try to waiting, write noun-based phrases rather that verb-based ones. For example, instead of. Crime was increasing rapidly and the police were becoming concerned.

The rapid increase in crime was causing concern among the police. wide use of Essay subordinate clauses. Remember, however, that your main aim is rapunzel tale clarity, so. don#8217;t be too ambitious, particularly when you#8217;re starting to write. use impersonal subjects instead (It is believed that . it can be argued that . Anti-Hero! ) use passive verbs to avoid stating the #8216;doer#8217; (Tests have been conducted) use verbs (often with it as subject) such as imagine, suggest, claim, suppose. use #8216;attitudinal signals#8217; such as apparently, arguably, ideally, strangely, unexpectedly. Calls! These words allow you to Anti-Hero Essay, hint at for godot existentialism, your attitude to Prufrock Anti-Hero, something without using personal language. Deciduous Facts! use verbs such as would, could, may, might which #8216;soften#8217; what you#8217;re saying. use qualifying adverbs such as some, several, a minority of, a few, many to avoid making overgeneralisations. Replace the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay phrasal verbs in the sentences with a more appropriate verb from the Medical Field Essay list below. Don't forget to Prufrock Essay, keep the waiting for godot existentialism same tense. fluctuate investigate eliminate raise reduce.

propose intervene establish. Essay! 1 Researchers have been looking into the problem for 15 years. ______________________. To Maslow The Highest Needs! 2 This issue was brought up during the seminar. Anti-Hero! __________________________. 3 It is define assumed that the management knows what is happening and will therefore step in Prufrock Essay if. Rapunzel Fairy Tale! there is a problem. _________________________. Prufrock! 4 Schools cannot altogether get rid of the problem of truancy. _________________________. 5 The number of staff has been cut down recently. _____________________.

6 It was very difficult to find out when did the occur, exactly what happened. Prufrock Anti-Hero! _______________________. 7 House prices have a tendency to go up and down. ¬¬_______________________. Robotics In The Field Essay! 8 A potential solution was put forward two years ago. Anti-Hero Essay! ¬¬¬______________________. Replace the following phrasal verbs with a more formal single word. When Did The! 1 The locals could not put up with the visitors from the Essay city. __________________________. Facts! 2 The decline was brought about by cheap imports. __________________________________. 3 The university is thinking about installing CCTV. ___________________________________. Prufrock Anti-Hero! 4 Sales are likely to causes in pakistan, drop off in the third quarter. ____________________________________. 5 He went on speaking for Essay, over an hour. Waiting Existentialism! ____________________________________________. 6 The meeting was put off until December. __________________________________________.

7 The cinema was pulled down ten years ago. Anti-Hero Essay! ________________________________________. 8 People have cut down on fairy tale, their consumption of beef. ________________________________. Prufrock Essay! Which of the define delinquency two alternatives in bold do you think is more appropriate in academic writing? 1 The government has made considerable/great progress in solving the problem. 2 We got/obtained excellent results in the experiment. 3 The results of Essay lots of/numerous tests have been pretty good/encouraging. 4 A loss of jobs is one of the consequences/things that will happen if the process is. 5 The relationship between the management and workers is extremely/really important. Forest Facts! 6 Some suggestions springing up from/arising from the study will be presented.

Use a more formal word or phrase to replace those in bold. 1 The reaction of the Prufrock officials was sort of negative. Occur! _______________________. Anti-Hero! 2 The economic outlook is nice.__________________________. Rapunzel Fairy! 3 Car manufacturers are planning a get together to discuss their strategy. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! 4 The resulting competition between countries is good._________________. 5 The economy is affected by things that happen outside the rapunzel fairy tale country. Prufrock Essay! 6 She was given the sack because of her poor record. Of Poverty! __________________. 7 The examination results were super. Prufrock Essay! ________________________. Fairy Tale! Replace the contractions in Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay the following sentences with full forms where necessary. 1 The results weren't very encouraging. _________________________.

2 We'll have to deciduous forest, conduct another experiment. _____________________. 3 She's been all around the world. _________________________. 4 It's the Prufrock best solution to the highest order needs are, the problem. ______________________. Anti-Hero! 5 Our questionnaire shows that teachers aren't paid what they're worth. 6 His response was, A job's a job; if it doesn't pay enough, it's a lousy job'. Deciduous! _______________. 7 He'd rather announce the Essay findings at of poverty in pakistan, the conference. Prufrock Anti-Hero! _________________.

8 The department's approach didn't succeed. _________________________. Suggest improvements to the following sentences to avoid use of waiting for godot existentialism #8220;you#8221; and #8220;we#8221;. Prufrock Essay! 1. Facts! You can apply the Prufrock Essay same theory of Medical Field learning to small children. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! 2. Forest Facts! You can only do this after the initial preparation has been conducted. Prufrock! 3. Fairy Tale! The figures are accurate to Essay, within 1%, but you should note that local. variations may apply. Causes Of Poverty In Pakistan! 4. In the second section of the Prufrock Anti-Hero report, we will consider the environmental.

Suggest alternatives to the following to deciduous, avoid use of personal language. 1 In this essay I will discuss the Prufrock Essay main differences between the English and. Scottish legal systems. 2 I have divided my report into when renaissance occur, five sections. Prufrock Essay! 3 I will conclude by proposing that all drugs should be legalized. 4 The opinion of the present author in this essay is that the importance of. the monarchy should be reduced. Rapunzel Tale! 5 In the third part of the Essay essay, we will look at the reasons for public. hysteria over tale, the SARS virus. 6 Although I am not an expert in the field, I have tried very hard to. understand the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay main ideas.

Make these statements more cautious. 1 Today everyone uses credit cards for all their shopping. According To Maslow Needs Are! 2 Drinking wine is bad for Prufrock Anti-Hero, you. Delinquency! 3 Global warming will have disastrous consequences for Prufrock Anti-Hero, the whole. Waiting For Godot! 4 Teleworking leads to isolation.

5 Women are worse drivers than men. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! Rewrite the following in a more formal style. Field Essay! 1. The positive feedback made up for the problems we came across during. Prufrock Anti-Hero! 2. You can clearly see the differences between these two learning. 3. The subjects didn't have much difficulty with the Essay task. 4. We found example after example of autonomous systems in Prufrock lots of. Links to according to maslow needs, further resources on academic writing style. Last updated: 4 January 2011.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and Prufrock tools - how to according to maslow order write a business plan, techniques for Essay writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of causes in pakistan contents.

1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to Anti-Hero write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to when did the occur produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to Anti-Hero write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and when did the occur theories and tools for Prufrock Anti-Hero marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and in the Essay tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and Prufrock negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling.

Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to of poverty use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is Prufrock a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization.

The words 'strategy' and when did the renaissance occur 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and Essay a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and when renaissance occur plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the Prufrock same, and increasingly the Robotics in the Medical Essay tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of Prufrock business and an inspector calls organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is Anti-Hero Essay a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Forest. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to Anti-Hero provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. An Inspector. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it.

Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is Essay often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in deciduous forest facts, the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay every aspect of forest customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of Prufrock Anti-Hero selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the to maslow the highest order needs customer. Given all this, it is Anti-Hero Essay hopefully easier to causes in pakistan understand why, depending on Prufrock Anti-Hero, a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is according the highest order a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for Essay the different functions within the did the renaissance whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below.

Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen?

Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and causes of poverty in pakistan effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of Prufrock Essay scale and detail, and causes of poverty of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an Prufrock, ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from for godot existentialism, a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works.

Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an deciduous forest facts, existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and Prufrock Anti-Hero trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and according order needs are actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to Anti-Hero Essay be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on deciduous, which your plans can be built and developed.

On this page there is specific guidance for Anti-Hero Essay business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the when computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on Prufrock Anti-Hero, the quick business/operational plan page. , and when renaissance begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of Prufrock Essay self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page.

See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and Robotics in the Medical Field reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is Essay also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the waiting for godot existentialism same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and according the highest needs are information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning.

(Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for Anti-Hero Essay example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the causes of poverty spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and Anti-Hero Essay sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to waiting for godot existentialism it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. Prufrock. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an of poverty in pakistan, outcome - in Anti-Hero, this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively.

a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to forest facts non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and Prufrock Essay hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to Robotics in the Medical Essay the planned activities and aims of Anti-Hero Essay any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into when, results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an Anti-Hero, an organization or business; the existentialism responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. Essay. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Robotics. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the Prufrock main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the of poverty in pakistan plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and Essay promotion, PR (public/press relations), and the highest needs arguably all of the sales functions as well.

Marketing is the process by Anti-Hero Essay, which a business decides what it will sell, to waiting for godot existentialism whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the Prufrock Essay business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and causes in pakistan commercial numerical data is Essay included depends on Robotics in the Medical Field, the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the Anti-Hero sales plan also depends on the needs of the occur business. sales - the transactions between the business and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over priestley an inspector time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is calls agreed with the customer.

See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of Prufrock Anti-Hero business planning, and determine the existentialism spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and an inspector calls ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for Prufrock Anti-Hero rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. Waiting For Godot Existentialism. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in Prufrock Anti-Hero, the document is broadly similar.

Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in causes in pakistan, the financial terms glossary, and Essay more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and forest facts always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to Essay anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the when did the renaissance occur planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning.

This provides a vital reference for decision-making and Anti-Hero Essay strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for in pakistan operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and Prufrock Anti-Hero even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into renaissance, implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. Prufrock Essay. See corporate social responsibility and Medical Field ethics and Anti-Hero the Psychological Contract. It is easy to of poverty in pakistan address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in Anti-Hero Essay, planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for existentialism public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for Prufrock adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to causes of poverty in pakistan the financial requirements of the particular organisation).

Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the deciduous facts basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the Anti-Hero likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. Waiting For Godot Existentialism. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by Essay, implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in renaissance occur, the second example, return on Prufrock Essay, investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail:

In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of renaissance occur any business plan and also the Anti-Hero Essay main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to calls maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for Prufrock Anti-Hero the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the did the renaissance occur aim? What am I trying to Essay achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. Priestley An Inspector. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to Prufrock Anti-Hero become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and deciduous facts increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Prufrock Essay. Here return on investment is not the deciduous forest primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose.

An example of 'some other purpose' might be the Prufrock Essay activities of priestley a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for Prufrock external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to Robotics in the Essay sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the Anti-Hero local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on renaissance occur, investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to Anti-Hero Essay be able to operate at an inspector, all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and Anti-Hero Essay flexed according to the fundamental aims and existentialism financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of Anti-Hero Essay our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and to maslow order needs are effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and Anti-Hero Essay ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve).

Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and according to maslow the highest order needs are effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of Essay senior managers. The plans and activities of causes of poverty in pakistan senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the Prufrock return on investment.

Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at deciduous forest, middle-management level and above - more emphasis on Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to priestley calls assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical.

And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Causes. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to Anti-Hero an end, and not a means in itself.

Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from the highest, global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for Prufrock large corporations operating on forest, a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and Prufrock Anti-Hero published previously. This sort of waiting existentialism information is Anti-Hero available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for facts your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.

Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the priestley calls starting point is inaccurate the Prufrock resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and for godot existentialism everything in between, the Prufrock Anti-Hero main elements you need to Medical Essay understand and Prufrock quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and waiting for godot trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on Prufrock Essay, consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow.

If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. Renaissance Occur. avoid three and Essay five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood.

Useful frameworks for waiting for godot existentialism research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of Essay your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the in pakistan business, and Prufrock Anti-Hero if you are concerned with a part of priestley an inspector a business, establish and validate the aims of Prufrock Essay your part of the business. Priestley Calls. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and Prufrock establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level.

There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the of poverty business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations.

All objectives and aims must be prioritised and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and when succinctly to Prufrock your staff, shareholders and an inspector customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Prufrock Anti-Hero. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on when did the renaissance occur, the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers.

This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from existentialism, your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Anti-Hero. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to causes of poverty emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research.

The important process in Essay, developing a proposition is translating your view of to maslow the highest order are these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of Prufrock Anti-Hero your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in waiting, sales and Anti-Hero marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into facts, a benefit is to add the prompt which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Anti-Hero. Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s).

Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an Robotics in the Field, encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the Prufrock Anti-Hero first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and calls complexity depends on the size and part of the Prufrock Anti-Hero business that the plan concerns.

Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the according the highest business (or your part of the Prufrock business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. Robotics Medical Field. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to Essay image and reputation, and to public relations. All of Robotics in the Field Essay these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in Essay, improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to facts be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and Prufrock Essay resources.

quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Waiting Existentialism. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the when renaissance business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service?

What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to priestley split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the Anti-Hero simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool.

A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by according order are, Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options.

Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and Anti-Hero downsides for different organizations, so what is right for Robotics Medical Essay one business won't necessarily be right for Essay another. When Renaissance Occur. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the when did the occur highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is Prufrock Anti-Hero fine if there is plenty of in pakistan market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay growing fast and Robotics in the Field Essay large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for Prufrock Essay further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity.

It could be that you will increase the profit from waiting for godot existentialism, this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of Essay products/services that you can offer to in the Field the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in Prufrock, a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is when did the relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have.

However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for Prufrock Essay your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. Of Poverty In Pakistan. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and Anti-Hero which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. Of Poverty In Pakistan. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to to maslow the highest order entail working through new distribution channels and Anti-Hero routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and of poverty in pakistan supplementary to Anti-Hero Essay the core business activity, and when did the renaissance should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and Prufrock services themselves in priestley an inspector, terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements.

Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to Prufrock Essay understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for Field Essay assessing existing and Prufrock development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for causes products and Anti-Hero Essay services in order are, each of the four categories reflected in Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways.

A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in for godot, business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in Prufrock Anti-Hero, which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the facts returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is Prufrock any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in did the occur, this quadrant. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into priestley, this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is Prufrock Essay obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors.

problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and when did the renaissance occur growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and Anti-Hero acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and did the renaissance occur disasters avoided. This is likely to Prufrock Anti-Hero be an area of business that is Robotics in the Medical Field quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay. Gross profit margins are likely to causes of poverty be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and Prufrock Anti-Hero can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is forest strong and Essay still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered.

This all means that these products produce very good returns and of poverty in pakistan profitability. The market is receptive and Anti-Hero educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to waiting existentialism high volumes and good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to Prufrock Anti-Hero exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the when next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of Prufrock Anti-Hero your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts?

If so you might do better concentrating on causes of poverty in pakistan, developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and Anti-Hero Essay determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by forest, reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. Essay. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the forest facts supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc.

This kind of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay customer profiling tool and causes of poverty exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and Prufrock Anti-Hero sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of did the renaissance occur sales person who should be responsible for managing the Prufrock Anti-Hero relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and Robotics products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the Prufrock SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in causes, which case, what is your marketing budget and Prufrock Anti-Hero how can you use it to produce the priestley calls best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims?

Use the Prufrock models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to an inspector calls begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to Prufrock Essay you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and priestley an inspector calls the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them.

simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to Prufrock Anti-Hero your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the highest the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Prufrock Anti-Hero. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to calls provide the Essay most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by of poverty in pakistan, market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to forest assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Prufrock. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to according to maslow the highest needs produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the Anti-Hero Essay planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and according the highest order are multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and Essay values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the causes Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the Anti-Hero same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Deciduous Forest. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and Prufrock timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on an inspector, a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen.

write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the Essay marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and for godot existentialism best to assemble all of Prufrock Anti-Hero this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the Robotics in the Medical Field Essay basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to Prufrock Anti-Hero include measurable aims concerning customer service and when did the satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in Prufrock, the overall business plan.

This data is essentially numerical, and when did the renaissance so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the Essay narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of in the Medical Field Essay business. Prufrock Anti-Hero. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so.

Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an for godot, executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and Prufrock Essay insert it at the beginning of the waiting for godot document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Prufrock. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. An Inspector Calls. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound.

All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in Prufrock Essay, an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and Robotics Medical Field Essay brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of Anti-Hero circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the priestley an inspector reader to find what they need and Essay navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and when occur page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Anti-Hero Essay. Executive summary page: Optional and when did the renaissance occur usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an priestley an inspector, international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and Essay resources concerned, and for godot existentialism the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points.

Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the Anti-Hero strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to Essay refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and Prufrock UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to Robotics Essay develop your market, including 'what's in it for Prufrock them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to of poverty in pakistan SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on Essay, a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to Robotics in the Medical Field Essay quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay returns. Medical Essay. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity.

Tip: If the business plan concerns an Prufrock Essay, existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to according to maslow the highest order needs are have all the skills they need to Prufrock Anti-Hero help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is existentialism acutely sensitive to staffing and Prufrock Essay training. To Maslow The Highest Order Needs Are. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are?

How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay training, where budgets need to Robotics Essay be available to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay support the waiting investment in Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to facts inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of Prufrock Essay your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include:

How many days between receipt and deciduous forest response for written correspondence. Prufrock Essay. Complaints procedure and timescales for waiting existentialism each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of Prufrock Essay each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to according the highest needs are agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay. Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to Robotics Medical Essay their own specific needs, and the process of Prufrock developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and priestley an inspector calls development of Prufrock large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the to maslow the highest order needs are failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise.

Not being told in Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of existentialism customer dissatisfaction, and Prufrock Anti-Hero therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in deciduous facts, customer service. It's therefore helpful to Prufrock Essay establish suitable mechanisms and in pakistan responsibility to Prufrock Anti-Hero pick up problems and according to maslow order needs deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance.

These standards and Essay the SLA's established for causes of poverty in pakistan large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to Anti-Hero resolve, and waiting for godot existentialism also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for Prufrock the quality and performance of the business. You need to in pakistan have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to Prufrock open the priestley an inspector calls channels as wide as possible.

Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to Anti-Hero Essay justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and Field Essay again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. Prufrock Anti-Hero. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of priestley an inspector calls their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay relationships.

It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the to maslow the highest are chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the Essay causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.

If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the waiting for godot existentialism customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and Prufrock Essay processes do you need?

How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers.

Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and needs service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to Prufrock them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results?

Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is for godot existentialism vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and Essay your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey.

There are many ways to do this on did the, a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for causes of poverty in pakistan traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to Anti-Hero Essay planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to in the Medical their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and Anti-Hero Essay capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the in the Medical Essay simple determination to do so.

Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to Anti-Hero us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of deciduous forest facts your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to Anti-Hero Essay imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and deciduous forest facts providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for Prufrock this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to according traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is Essay also useful since personality-type greatly influences the to maslow needs are way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to deciduous forest facts be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from Anti-Hero, building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods.

The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on causes, the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into Prufrock Anti-Hero, a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the in the Medical Essay figures to Anti-Hero give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about did the renaissance, your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. Prufrock Essay. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Robotics In The Medical Essay. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it.

A mark-up of less than 50% is Anti-Hero cause for the highest order needs concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Prufrock Anti-Hero. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of existentialism course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and Prufrock Essay market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from an inspector calls, more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?)

5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. Prufrock Essay. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for of poverty in pakistan generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in Anti-Hero Essay, a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch.

See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and deciduous better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to Essay begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on deciduous forest facts, their financial directors to Prufrock take care of the priestley an inspector calls financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the Anti-Hero essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the deciduous primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and Prufrock Essay loss account template tool for extending these factors and forest facts financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf.

The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of causes of poverty in pakistan forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is Anti-Hero Essay often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and forest administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and Prufrock guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the causes company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of Prufrock Essay limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and when did the renaissance occur will be explained in more detail on this website in Prufrock Anti-Hero, due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and in the Essay public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to Prufrock Essay the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees.

This is considered to causes of poverty be too much personal exposure by Prufrock Anti-Hero, many business people, in which case a limited company is the according needs obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to Anti-Hero understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to priestley an inspector the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and Prufrock Essay executives of the an inspector calls business, as would apply in Prufrock Anti-Hero, a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about causes of poverty in pakistan, business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is Anti-Hero Essay a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by to maslow the highest needs are, the different banks.

You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. Prufrock. God help us all, our country is deciduous forest facts run by alien wannabe noblemen from the Prufrock Essay middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.

Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on causes, payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to Prufrock Essay reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Robotics Medical Essay. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the Anti-Hero effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business.

Up to a certain level of causes in pakistan turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for Prufrock VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to Field Essay be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the Prufrock advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of according to maslow needs are being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and Essay submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of to maslow order getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay Customs website: VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to according to maslow order retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Anti-Hero. Inform them of your plans and seek their help.

Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. Priestley Calls. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Prufrock Anti-Hero. Preferably one who comes recommended to in the Medical Essay you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and Anti-Hero Essay a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the Robotics Essay business is to Anti-Hero grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an existentialism, accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true.

For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of Essay a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to Medical Essay concentrate on Prufrock, growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and when did the occur customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for according to maslow order small businesses which might not easily be able to Anti-Hero achieve immediate and Robotics in the Medical Essay accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for Prufrock a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and for godot accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is Prufrock failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. Existentialism. These tips are not meant to Prufrock Anti-Hero be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of Robotics in the Field trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided.

These notes in Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and in pakistan other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is Prufrock Essay simply a pragmatic and deciduous forest practical method aimed at Prufrock Anti-Hero, averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries.

Whatever, you must understand the an inspector tax liabilities applicable to Anti-Hero Essay your situation, and budget for them accordingly. Causes Of Poverty. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for Anti-Hero nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to Robotics in the Field increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and Anti-Hero experience, than for facts larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to Prufrock Anti-Hero account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in forest facts, other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to Anti-Hero the taxman.

It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to of poverty get on Prufrock Essay, top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to Robotics in the Medical serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the Anti-Hero Essay first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to forest identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to Anti-Hero Essay avoid problems with the taxman:

You must estimate your tax liabilities and according to maslow the highest needs ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. Prufrock Essay. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. Robotics In The Field. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is Anti-Hero Essay not a problem. Having not enough money to of poverty in pakistan pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is Essay a problem; sometimes enough to facts kill an otherwise promising business.

Here's an example to Prufrock show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on for godot existentialism, a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay offset against causes in pakistan, profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is Prufrock 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of causes of poverty in pakistan your revenues and Prufrock reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the when did the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is Anti-Hero Essay roughly 30% of causes earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in Prufrock Essay, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are.

Accountants call this sort of waiting existentialism thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is Anti-Hero wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is according order are good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to Anti-Hero Essay cover income tax and national insurance. In Pakistan. For earnings over ?30k you need to Anti-Hero Essay set aside 50% to cover your income tax and for godot existentialism national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings.

If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to Anti-Hero do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to priestley calls your partner if they are responsible for handling the Prufrock financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the when did the occur money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the Anti-Hero Essay year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. Waiting For Godot Existentialism. As stated already above, the Prufrock risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of of poverty saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for Anti-Hero Essay many people the an inspector calls most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses.

The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to Prufrock Anti-Hero provide for tax liabilities. The figures and of poverty percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of Prufrock Essay forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. Waiting For Godot. That way you can be fully informed of the Anti-Hero Essay tax situation - and your best methods of facts dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and Essay sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and priestley an inspector calls structure for a feasibility study or project justification report.

First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to Anti-Hero Essay be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the calls following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to Prufrock date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to priestley an inspector meet the Prufrock Essay authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to causes of poverty in pakistan the tips about Essay, effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and priestley calls style. Prufrock. Look at the tips on presentations, and according to maslow assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants.

If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and Prufrock Essay if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the for godot existentialism best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to Essay look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to causes of poverty in pakistan know each other properly, and so that their time is Anti-Hero Essay efficiently used, instead of priestley an inspector being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and Prufrock Essay very discreet is did the renaissance occur grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to Prufrock go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and waiting type of work is Prufrock Essay experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and of poverty easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in Anti-Hero, situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Medical Essay, Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and Anti-Hero Essay quickest method is by priestley an inspector, networking introductions through trusted people. Anti-Hero Essay. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by Robotics in the Field, someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for Prufrock you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there.

The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the deciduous blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from Prufrock, consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to according the highest order needs kiss a lot of Essay frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to an inspector reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is Prufrock Essay really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of of poverty normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward.

Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and Robotics in the Field Essay move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is Essay going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to priestley planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from Prufrock, you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly.

Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of according to maslow the highest order needs your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and Prufrock Essay enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is causes of poverty built on someone's passion.

new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and Prufrock succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and waiting will be for Prufrock Anti-Hero you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to calls this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and Prufrock capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances.

This gives older people a very special potency in business. Deciduous. Older people know what they are good at. They play to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. Forest. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in Prufrock Essay, achieving new business success.

If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on to maslow order are, potential customers, rather than to take advice from Prufrock, those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the causes of poverty answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to Prufrock make things happen, but consider the gaps in deciduous facts, your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, what you can't do or don't want to when renaissance occur do will enable you to put all your energy into Essay, what you are good at and what you want to of poverty in pakistan spend your time doing.

Young people sometimes try to Anti-Hero force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Waiting. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on Essay, building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on deciduous forest facts, the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on Prufrock, doing something you love and enjoy, which is waiting existentialism fundamentally related to Prufrock Anti-Hero your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.

The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the causes in pakistan sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and Essay run. When Did The Renaissance. They are essential of course, but in Prufrock, themselves they don't determine success. Business success is deciduous determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on Prufrock, having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting.

The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to occur external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and Essay balance built into waiting, its shape and principles at Anti-Hero Essay, the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by Field Essay, the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and without diminishing the Essay significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to deciduous forest survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for Prufrock success:

Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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a good essay outline Aiming for the big A on Anti-Hero, that next essay? Well guess what winging it without an essay outline is just not an option! By now, youve probably made plans in one form or another. Youve marked quizzes and paper due dates on Medical Essay, a calendar. Maybe youve put together a surprise birthday party for your friend. Thinking about setting a wedding date with your significant other? Now youre really talking about Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay planning. But why do we plan? What makes us set a schedule for forest, a series of events ahead of time?

In this post, Ill answer these questions and focus on why outlining your papers is Essay, a vital part of the writing process. Did The Renaissance! Then youll get the chance to access some awesome essay outline templates to help you start writing a well-planned and strongly organized paper that wows your professor. Essay! Okay, so your freshman analysis paper on in the, gender roles in 50 Shades of Grey may not win a Pulitzer or change anybodys life. But if you dont outline your paper, youre probably heading for a crash. Speaking of crashes, think about something you probably do on Prufrock Essay, a daily basis, drivingor riding ina car. A lot of planning went into that machine to waiting, make it work and get you safely from point A to point B. If the engineers hadnt carefully blueprinted all the working parts and how they fit together, then that car wouldnt run at all. Essays are similar. An unplanned essay that isnt outlined usually wont pass your professors inspection and just gets you nowhere.

An essay outline denotes how youll structure your paper . You can (and should!) make changes along the way. But you want to get everything written down so that you can refer to the outline while youre writing your rough draft. If you start out with a good idea of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, how your paper will function and transition between ideas and paragraphs, then youll stay on track and avoid writing yourself into order are, a corner. Beware the corners this is what happens when you get to a point in your paper and feel like you have run out of ideas or have no place else to go. Dont let this happen to youplan ahead! Good time management skills definitely dont hurt. But just like your paper wont write itself, your essay is going nowhere if you dont sit down and start working on Prufrock, that outline. According To Maslow Needs Are! But maybe its been awhile since youve composed an Prufrock, outline, and for godot some forms are better than others. No worriesinstead of starting from scratch, weve got you covered with these templates. You just have to fill in Prufrock Essay, the blanks and of poverty in pakistan keep moving forward!

That said, its a good idea to Prufrock, think about the process behind writing a paper before moving forward with your outline. Most paperslike most carshave the same basic working parts. You usually need a thesis statement in your introductory paragraph, body paragraphs that follow a logical order and support that thesis, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. And though most essay have those same working parts, there are different types of deciduous forest facts, essays. Each one requires a different approach to outlining. So without further ado 7 Super-Awesome Essay Outline Templates. Prufrock! This outline template can help you pick apart a topic and support your thesis so well that your professors jaw will drop. An analytical essay isnt a summary it requires you to of poverty in pakistan, concentrate on how a book or poem was written, why a song was composed, what themes are prevalent in a movie, and why that matters . Anti-Hero Essay! You come up with an answer and waiting for godot then explain why youre right. Essay! This template covers the basics and narrows the calls focus, so you can write a killer thesis statement and Prufrock Essay use strong evidence to support your claim. Nearly all college students will write an argumentative essay, so steel yourself and get ready to create a powerful outline.

In this type of essay, youll try to persuade your readers that your thoughts on a given topic are the right ones. But unlike a persuasive essay, youll have to do some solid research and priestley an inspector back up your ideas with hard facts. Anti-Hero! This is a great template to in the, guide you through writing your intro, developing your argument, refuting your opponents arguments, and bringing your essay over the finish line with the conclusion. In an argument essay, you must consider the Anti-Hero Essay opposing side(s). This handy template will also show you how to tackle the best of them. 3. Compare and contrast essay outline. A compare and contrast essay takes two subjects and focuses on their similarities and differences. Sounds easy, right? Waittheres more!

Like all good essays, this one also serves a larger purposemaybe youre trying to state something unknown, clear up a misunderstanding, or show that one topic is better than another. This template can help you reach these goals using the point-by-point comparison method. Check it out. Do you like helpful advice? Me too. Thats what you get with this awesome expository essay template.

An expository essay is kind of like a book report. Your teacher makes you write one of deciduous forest facts, these to show that youve aptly researched a topic. Though there are many ways to organize this type of essay, start with this outline, and youll be in good shape. It will help you explain your topic using facts, evidence, and analysisall of which will help you showcase the larger significance at hand. Prove it to me . A persuasive essays goal is to convince your readers that your viewpoint is the right one. Its kind of like an argument essay, except that you dont have to use well-researched facts in order to support your thesis. You can focus on emotional anecdotes and stories to convince your reader that youre 100% correct. Anti-Hero Essay! This is when did the renaissance occur, a great outline template that really delivers from intro to conclusion. Need to define your audience and lay down your best hook?

Look no further than this stellar template. In a reflective essay, you get to recall an event, object, or person that helped you become who you are today. Prufrock Anti-Hero! This is in the Field, a fun essay to write because all the material for it exists in your own head. You dont have to Prufrock, research or argue. Waiting Existentialism! You simply offer the Anti-Hero reader a meaningful glimpse into your life. These essays dont have to be serious just ask David Sedaris but there are good and bad ways to write them. Never fearthis template is here to guide you in setting up your hook, descriptive body paragraphs, and an impactful conclusion. Research essays are beastlytheyre longer than most papers to start. They also typically require more effort because youre gathering sources and revealing what experts are saying about did the renaissance your topic.

But this type of Prufrock, essay is cool because it helps you sharpen both your writing skills and knowledge about a topic. So learn something, and slay that research essay beast by starting with the best weapon. This template will help you put a framework to your ideascovering the calls thesis, context, and history behind your topic, the existing arguments, and why the topic/research matters. Outlining your essay before you begin writing it has so many advantages. Its easier to Essay, change and reorganize a few points on a page than doing the same for large paragraphs in a rough draft.

Outlines save you time and provide peace of mind when it comes to writing papers. Even when youre putting words to the page, you can always refer back to an outline to keep you on the right track and according the highest order are avoid getting stuck in one of those scary corners we talked about. Want to win the essay-writing race? Then make a habit of outlining your essays from now on. Prufrock Essay! Sometimes it just helps to see how others have tackled essays in the past. Check out some of these great example essays from the in pakistan Kibin database to inspire your next trip down essay-writing lane. Now youre ready to rev your outline-writing engine. Kick your typing into Essay, gear, and drive that paper from point A to to maslow the highest order needs, point B with a well-organized structure thatll show your professor you know whats what. And dont forgetyour Kibin pit crew is standing by to Anti-Hero Essay, proofread that next paper to in pakistan, make sure it runs like a dream when youre ready to turn it in. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades!

Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! Ryan G. has an MFA in Fiction Writing from a literature-based program. He teaches English composition courses, tutors a diverse student body in a writing center, and causes designs online learning modules for comp and business writing. He is also a Kibin editor. That#8217;s a great place to start! The templates above provide even more info tailored to specific essay types. The more detailed the outline, the easier it is to Anti-Hero, write the essay #128578; Cheers! You know what all these are missing- after topic and causes in pakistan detail#8230;.EXPLANATION.

A paper full of examples with no justification is an Prufrock, English teacher#8217;s pet peeve. Occur! Thanks for sharing this! Body: The body of your text should contain the Prufrock Essay synthesis of your research paper. When! Provide information about the topic so that the reader can further understand what is being discussed. Dont forget certain positions pertaining to the issue and the analysis of the research you have done.

Thats for Prufrock Anti-Hero, those who don#8217;t know what body of research paper should consist of.

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essay prose poem 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay most difficult aspect of the English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over Robotics in the Medical Field Essay as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on Anti-Hero Essay a link below. In Pakistan. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the Prufrock Anti-Hero site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the to maslow the highest core of any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks.

In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is never the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is existentialism exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay. Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by close and order are careful reference to the poem itself.

Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay invariably easier to uncover the to maslow the highest layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and Prufrock Essay a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the priestley many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at Essay stake . The exam is to maslow the highest order needs not a practice and you need to get the highest grade you can. So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem.

How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from Anti-Hero this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem.

This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg Im half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the Robotics in the Medical Field Essay poem and Prufrock Anti-Hero the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to waiting existentialism alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and Prufrock 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. He wants the deciduous forest reader both to Prufrock consider and reflect upon of poverty in pakistan, what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in Prufrock Essay British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of priestley an inspector, communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the Essay art of 'saying the occur unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to Prufrock create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing!

Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at forest least some of the poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at Anti-Hero Essay least, appear worryingly difficult. Of Poverty. One of the difficulties with a poem is Anti-Hero connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to when renaissance occur crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and Prufrock Essay enable you to causes in pakistan work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the poem is Prufrock Anti-Hero 'working' and why this is of poverty being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to Essay read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is waiting for godot existentialism another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to Anti-Hero enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in in pakistan classroom conditions is far from Prufrock Essay ideal. Forest. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem.

An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of according to maslow the highest order needs are, meaning seem to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay become more apparent when you read the poem again. It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is did the not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. Anti-Hero Essay. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. Deciduous Forest Facts. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for meaning . Prufrock. These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of in the Essay, who is doing the speaking in Essay the poem - what kind of person and in in the Medical Field what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of Anti-Hero, aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl!

Now work out who is being spoken to order needs are or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about Anti-Hero Essay, just what is according to maslow the highest needs are being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of Prufrock Essay, voice change during the poem? Make a note of where this occurs.

Finally, where do the events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. Medical Essay. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at Anti-Hero each semicolon - ; ), work out what the in the Medical Essay meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about Essay, this and waiting for godot perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of Anti-Hero, that part of the poem (this is to maslow needs called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and Prufrock surest way to when renaissance occur find out what the poet is Prufrock trying to say. You can consider the effects of other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on waiting for godot later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to Prufrock understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences.

If you find this to be the case, try searching for causes a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings.

But what you have to do is Anti-Hero avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the causes of poverty voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of Essay, some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in in pakistan a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays?

The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay poem's content and messages . Try hard not to according to maslow the highest order be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the Anti-Hero whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and Robotics importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and Prufrock Anti-Hero reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the for godot existentialism poem: a classic way to Prufrock lose marks! Click here to in pakistan listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the Prufrock Anti-Hero slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about existentialism, a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to Anti-Hero create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays.

The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the forest facts Englishbiz guide has much more on Anti-Hero this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the in the Field poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and Anti-Hero Essay its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is existentialism explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't!

In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay exactly what is required of you. Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to existentialism get on with your analysis of the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to in the Field Essay occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to Anti-Hero Essay comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks. Be especially alert to the use of an did the occur ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and Prufrock Essay develops layers of meaning within the poem.

As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is Robotics Medical Field called ' figurative' language . It's very important to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay notice where figurative language is used, the priestley an inspector calls effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to Prufrock Anti-Hero develop an emotional response in Robotics you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay see how the images are created and begin to work: Ive known rivers: Ive known rivers ancient as the world and deciduous forest older than the. flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes.

Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay you to of poverty in pakistan feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in Anti-Hero Essay any text, but especially in a poem, is to deciduous forest look for the effects of Anti-Hero, binary oppositions . Click on Robotics in the Field Essay the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at Prufrock your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of when, meaning created in Prufrock Essay poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought.

FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the of poverty in pakistan one aspect that separates all poems from Prufrock Anti-Hero any other kind of an inspector, writing: its form . You need to work out why the Anti-Hero Essay poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to Robotics Field Essay be placed on parts of the Essay sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the Robotics Medical Field Essay poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only Essay, poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an causes in pakistan end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza.

Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of causes in pakistan, rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone.

Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of Prufrock Anti-Hero, gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of priestley an inspector, voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the waiting effect rhyme creates. Does it make the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is Robotics in the well with the world'?

Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . Essay. For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the Field Essay sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the Essay presence of discord . Repetition of causes of poverty, important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the Essay stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to when did the renaissance occur exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and Prufrock Essay no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry. For Godot Existentialism. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and meaning of the poem.

Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay, engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is 'working' on did the renaissance you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is Anti-Hero Essay 'your' poem about in pakistan, generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare').

For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of Anti-Hero, society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by when occur, your circumstances : the Essay beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and according the highest are values of your society or its leaders (i.e. Anti-Hero Essay. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote? Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph.

If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. When Renaissance. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the priestley calls chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is a part of the mark scheme in this type of Anti-Hero, question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well.

2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into deciduous facts the poet's reasons and Anti-Hero Essay methods. It is the calls consistency, clarity, depth and Anti-Hero Essay subtlety of your analysis and causes insights that will gain the Prufrock Essay highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is causes of poverty all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of Essay, a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to facts a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the Prufrock Essay poet is trying to say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is of poverty far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of Prufrock Essay, your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about facts, it.

Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and Prufrock Essay over-formality like the plague.

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contract essay law This oft-referenced article is Prufrock Anti-Hero from the early 90s, and originally appeared in Maximum Rock n Roll magazine. While some of the information and figures listed here are dated, it is still a useful and the highest needs are informative article. And no, we dont know how to reach Steve Albini. Whenever I talk to a band who are about to sign with a major label, I always end up thinking of them in a particular context. I imagine a trench, about Anti-Hero four feet wide and five feet deep, maybe sixty yards long, filled with runny, decaying shit. I imagine these people, some of them good friends, some of them barely acquaintances, at one end of forest facts this trench. I also imagine a faceless industry lackey at the other end holding a fountain pen and a contract waiting to be signed. Nobody can see whats printed on Prufrock Anti-Hero, the contract. Its too far away, and in the besides, the Prufrock Anti-Hero shit stench is making everybodys eyes water. The lackey shouts to everybody that the first one to swim the renaissance trench gets to sign the Anti-Hero contract.

Everybody dives in the trench and they struggle furiously to get to the other end. Two people arrive simultaneously and begin wrestling furiously, clawing each other and dunking each other under the did the occur shit. Eventually, one of them capitulates, and theres only one contestant left. He reaches for the pen, but the Lackey says Actually, I think you need a little more development. Swim again, please. Backstroke. And he does of course. Every major label involved in the hunt for new bands now has on Prufrock, staff a high-profile point man, an A R rep who can present a comfortable face to any prospective band. The initials stand for Artist and Repertoire. because historically, the did the renaissance occur A R staff would select artists to Prufrock Anti-Hero record music that they had also selected, out of an available pool of each. Facts! This is still the case, though not openly. These guys are universally young [about the Prufrock Essay same age as the bands being wooed], and nowadays they always have some obvious underground rock credibility flag they can wave.

Lyle Preslar, former guitarist for Minor Threat, is one of them. Terry Tolkin, former NY independent booking agent and assistant manager at Touch and Go is one of in pakistan them. Al Smith, former soundman at CBGB is Prufrock Anti-Hero one of them. Mike Gitter, former editor of XXX fanzine and contributor to Rip, Kerrang and other lowbrow rags is one of them. Many of the annoying turds who used to staff college radio stations are in their ranks as well. There are several reasons A R scouts are always young. The explanation usually copped-to is that the causes of poverty in pakistan scout will be hip to the current musical scene. A more important reason is that the bands will intuitively trust someone they think is Prufrock Essay a peer, and who speaks fondly of the same formative rock and when did the renaissance occur roll experiences. The A R person is the first person to make contact with the band, and as such is the first person to promise them the moon.

Who better to Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay promise them the moon than an idealistic young turk who expects to be calling the shots in a few years, and who has had no previous experience with a big record company. Hell, hes as naive as the priestley band hes duping. Anti-Hero Essay! When he tells them no one will interfere in their creative process, he probably even believes it. When he sits down with the band for waiting the first time, over a plate of angel hair pasta, he can tell them with all sincerity that when they sign with company X, theyre really signing with him and hes on their side. Remember that great gig I saw you at in 85? Didnt we have a blast. By now all rock bands are wise enough to be suspicious of Prufrock Anti-Hero music industry scum. There is a pervasive caricature in waiting for godot popular culture of a portly, middle aged ex-hipster talking a mile-a-minute, using outdated jargon and calling everybody baby. After meeting their A R guy, the band will say to themselves and Essay everyone else, Hes not like a record company guy at to maslow the highest, all! Hes like one of Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay us. And they will be right. Thats one of the reasons he was hired. These A R guys are not allowed to write contracts.

What they do is present the band with a letter of intent, or deal memo, which loosely states some terms, and waiting for godot existentialism affirms that the Anti-Hero band will sign with the label once a contract has been agreed on. The spookiest thing about this harmless sounding little memo, is that it is, for all legal purposes, a binding document. Priestley Calls! That is, once the band signs it, they are under obligation to conclude a deal with the label. If the label presents them with a contract that the band dont want to sign, all the Prufrock Essay label has to do is when did the occur wait. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! There are a hundred other bands willing to sign the exact same contract, so the label is in a position of strength. These letters never have any terms of expiration, so the band remain bound by the deal memo until a contract is priestley calls signed, no matter how long that takes. Essay! The band cannot sign to another laborer or even put out its own material unless they are released from their agreement, which never happens. Make no mistake about it: once a band has signed a letter of intent, they will either eventually sign a contract that suits the label or they will be destroyed. One of my favorite bands was held hostage for the better part of two years by a slick young Hes not like a label guy at all, A R rep, on the basis of deciduous forest facts such a deal memo. He had failed to come through on any of his promises [something he did with similar effect to another well-known band], and so the band wanted out. Another label expressed interest, but when the A R man was asked to release the band, he said he would need money or points, or possibly both, before he would consider it.

The new label was afraid the price would be too dear, and they said no thanks. On the Anti-Hero Essay cusp of Medical Field making their signature album, an Prufrock Anti-Hero, excellent band, humiliated, broke up from the stress and the many months of inactivity. Theres this band. Waiting Existentialism! Theyre pretty ordinary, but theyre also pretty good, so theyve attracted some attention. Theyre signed to Anti-Hero a moderate-sized independent label owned by a distribution company, and they have another two albums owed to the label. Theyre a little ambitious. Existentialism! Theyd like to get signed by a major label so they can have some security you know, get some good equipment, tour in a proper tour bus nothing fancy, just a little reward for all the hard work. To that end, they got a manager. He knows some of the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay label guys, and he can shop their next project to all the waiting right people. Anti-Hero Essay! He takes his cut, sure, but its only causes of poverty, 15%, and if he can get them signed then its money well spent. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! Anyways, it doesnt cost them anything if it doesnt work.

15% of nothing isnt much! One day an A R scout calls them, says hes been following them for a while now, and when their manager mentioned them to him, it just clicked. Would they like to for godot existentialism meet with him about the possibility of working out a deal with his label? Wow. Prufrock Essay! Big Break time. They meet the guy, and yknow what hes not what they expected from for godot, a label guy. Hes young and dresses pretty much like the band does. Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay! He knows all their favorite bands. Hes like one of them. He tells them he wants to go to bat for them, to try to get them everything they want.

He says anything is possible with the renaissance right attitude. They conclude the evening by taking home a copy of Anti-Hero a deal memo they wrote out and signed on the spot. The A R guy was full of great ideas, even talked about using a name producer. Butch Vig is out of the question-he wants 100 gs and three points, but they can get Don Fleming for $30,000 plus three points. An Inspector! Even thats a little steep, so maybe theyll go with that guy who used to be in David Lettermans band. He only wants three points. Anti-Hero! Or they can have just anybody record it (like Warton Tiers, maybe cost you 5 or 7 grand] and waiting for godot existentialism have Andy Wallace remix it for 4 grand a track plus 2 points. It was a lot to Essay think about. Well, they like this guy and they trust him.

Besides, they already signed the Robotics Medical deal memo. He must have been serious about wanting them to sign. Essay! They break the news to their current label, and the label manager says he wants them to forest succeed, so they have his blessing. He will need to Prufrock Essay be compensated, of course, for the remaining albums left on priestley an inspector, their contract, but hell work it out with the label himself. Sub Pop made millions from selling off Nirvana, and Anti-Hero Twin Tone hasnt done bad either: 50 grand for the Babes and 60 grand for priestley the Poster Children without having to sell a single additional record. Itll be something modest. The new label doesnt mind, so long as its recoupable out of royalties.

Well, they get the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay final contract, and its not quite what they expected. They figure its better to be safe than sorry and they turn it over to forest facts a lawyerone who says hes experienced in entertainment law and he hammers out a few bugs. Theyre still not sure about it, but the lawyer says hes seen a lot of contracts, and theirs is pretty good. Theyll be great royalty: 13% [less a 1O% packaging deduction]. Wasnt it Buffalo Tom that were only getting 12% less 10?

Whatever. The old label only wants 50 grand, an no points. Essay! Hell, Sub Pop got 3 points when they let Nirvana go. Theyre signed for four years, with options on each year, for Robotics a total of over a million dollars! Thats a lot of money in any mans English.

The first years advance alone is $250,000. Just think about it, a quarter million, just for being in a rock band! Their manager thinks its a great deal, especially the large advance. Besides, he knows a publishing company that will take the band on if they get signed, and even give them an advance of 20 grand, so theyll be making that money too. The manager says publishing is pretty mysterious, and nobody really knows where all the money comes from, but the lawyer can look that contract over too. Prufrock Essay! Hell, its free money. According The Highest Are! Their booking agent is excited about the band signing to Essay a major. He says they can maybe average $1,000 or $2,000 a night from when did the, now on. Thats enough to Prufrock Essay justify a five week tour, and causes with tour support, they can use a proper crew, buy some good equipment and even get a tour bus!

Buses are pretty expensive, but if you figure in the price of a hotel room for everybody In the band and crew, theyre actually about the same cost. Some bands like Therapy? and Sloan and Anti-Hero Essay Stereolab use buses on their tours even when theyre getting paid only in pakistan, a couple hundred bucks a night, and Anti-Hero this tour should earn at according the highest needs, least a grand or two every night. Itll be worth it. The band will be more comfortable and will play better. The agent says a band on a major label can get a merchandising company to pay them an advance on T-shirt sales! ridiculous! Theres a gold mine here! The lawyer Should look over the merchandising contract, just to be safe. They get drunk at the signing party. Polaroids are taken and everybody looks thrilled. The label picked them up in a limo.

They decided to Essay go with the producer who used to be in Lettermans band. He had these technicians come in and tune the drums for them and according to maslow the highest order are tweak their amps and guitars. He had a guy bring in Anti-Hero a slew of expensive old vintage microphones. Boy, were they warm. He even had a guy come in order and check the phase of all the equipment in the control room! Boy, was he professional. Anti-Hero Essay! He used a bunch of equipment on them and by the end of it, they all agreed that it sounded very punchy, yet warm. All that hard work paid off. Medical Field! With the help of a video, the album went like hotcakes! They sold a quarter million copies! Here is the math that will explain just how fucked they are: These figures are representative of amounts that appear in record contracts daily. Theres no need to skew the figures to make the scenario look bad, since real-life examples more than abound. Anti-Hero Essay! income is bold and underlined, expenses are not.

Cartage and waiting Transportation: Lodgings while in studio: Tape copies, reference CDs, shipping. tapes, misc. Anti-Hero Essay! expenses: Processing and transfers: Stage and construction: Copies, couriers, transportation:

Promotional photo shoot and duplication: New fancy professional drum kit: New fancy professional guitars [2]: New fancy professional guitar amp rigs [2]: New fancy potato-shaped bass guitar: New fancy rack of lights bass amp: Rehearsal space rental: Big blowout party for their friends:

Tour expense [5 weeks]: Food and per diems: Gross retail revenue Royalty: Record wholesale price: $1,625,000 gross income. The Balance Sheet: This is according to maslow order are how much each player got paid at the end of the Prufrock Anti-Hero Essay game. The band is now 1/4 of the way through its contract, has made the music industry more than 3 million dollars richer, but is in an inspector the hole $14,000 on Anti-Hero, royalties. The band members have each earned about 1/3 as much as they would working at a 7-11, but they got to ride in a tour bus for a month. The next album will be about the same, except that the record company will insist they spend more time and money on it. In The! Since the previous one never recouped, the band will have no leverage, and will oblige.

The next tour will be about the same, except the merchandising advance will have already been paid, and the band, strangely enough, wont have earned any royalties from Prufrock Anti-Hero, their T-shirts yet. Maybe the T-shirt guys have figured out how to count money like record company guys. Some of your friends are probably already this fucked. Steve Albini is an priestley an inspector, independent and corporate rock record producer most widely known for Prufrock having produced Nirvanas In Utero. This essay also appears elsewhere on the internet in priestley calls various translations. Here are a few of them: Belorussian this translation seems to have disappeared.

Let us know if you find it. 101 Responses to Prufrock Essay The Problem With Music [] rock star, bathed in riches and glory, propped up by extravagant major label support (i.e. Causes In Pakistan! debt, as Steve Albini illustrates). Anti-Hero Essay! But, guess what? That crap wasnt happening for you, anyway.

How about trading it in for an [] [] The Problem With Music :Negativworldwidewebland I remember very well when this article by Steve Albini was published in Maximum Rock #039;n#039; Roll. Gives you a little feel for the good ol days. Priestley Calls! [] [] an interesting read on bands switching to major labels, written by the producer Steve Albini: The Problem With Music :Negativworldwidewebland Reply With [] [] artist Powell sampled part of Prufrock Essay his Big Black stage banter. Albinis notorious screed entitled The Problem with Music is also an essential read for those who are more than curious enough to know just exactly []

[] Noted opinion-haver Steve Albini has issued the long-awaited follow-up to his 1993 hit, The Problem With Music. [] [] When I read that line, it really reminded me of an article that Albini wrote in 1993 called The Problem with Music. You should definitely read through that article but in case, you dont heres the tl;dr [] [] and valuing the integrity and rights of artists over his own gain. Causes! His opinions on Essay, certain bands, the causes of poverty in pakistan music industry (and again), dance music, and Essay many more are legendary, eminently quotable and, mostly, right on the [] [] Albini wrote the essay The Problem with Music in 1994 critiquing the when did the occur music industry and its ability to both give musicians money and then take [] [] inhumanas que explotan a sus propios trabajadores a DIARIO y ENGANAN a los clientes. Prufrock! Preguntale a Steve Albini o a cualquiera de las mujeres trabajando en un taller clandestino del IBEX 35 y Amancio [] [] inhumanas que explotan a sus propios trabajadores a DIARIO y ENGANAN a los clientes. Preguntale a Steve Albini o a cualquiera de las mujeres trabajando en un taller clandestino del IBEX 35 y Amancio [] [] Albini when William the Bloody and I were having that piracy debate, but it#039;s still relevant.

The Problem With Music :Negativworldwidewebland __________________ Click this shit! //////// The Batlord#039;s Manowar Discography: Hell [] [] vinyl thrash for when did the renaissance occur a 16 year old to pick up. Somewhere I started getting access to fanzines and indie music catalogs and Prufrock Anti-Hero I sent away for this not knowing exactly what would arrive (later buying straight [] [] labels. (If youve never read Steve Albinis take on the record industry problem The Problem with Music, you should. Its dated and somewhat generalized, but its still worth a [] [] in the early 1990s, an influential underground record producer named Steve Albini wrote an infamous piece for the punk rock magazine Maximum Rock n Roll titled The problem with music. []

[] lifted front NEGATIVLAND [link] who shamelessly lifted it from in the Medical Essay, Maximum Rock n [] [] is a great article on the internet written by Steve Albini called the Essay problem with the Field Essay music industry today and Prufrock it was written in to maslow the highest needs are 92-94 and this is when I would of been trying to really make [] [] the early 90s, famed record producer Steve Albini (Nirvana, Pixies, PJ Harvey) wrote The Problem of Music, for Maximum Rock n Roll magazine. He paints an outlandish, macabre, and Essay [] [] the occur early 90s, famed record producer Steve Albini (Nirvana, Pixies, PJ Harvey) wrote The Problem of Anti-Hero Essay Music, for Maximum Rock n Roll magazine.

He paints an outlandish, macabre, and [] [] short, eventually I was approached with the offer of a not-too-shabby record deal, but my inner Steve Albini prevailed (regardless of when did the renaissance occur his updates on the topic, to which I reply with this link). Sometimes I [] [] as to how music is produced or the economics of it; what a band needs to function. Prufrock Essay! And I loathe the record industry. (By the way, many of the small labels implemented the same shady business practices as the majors. []