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C Language Assignment Homework Help. Development Essays. Charles Babbage#8217;s difference engine could simply be made by altering the equipment, which does the woolworths, computations to perform task. Therefore, the first type of a computer language was physical movement. Eventually, physical movement was replaced by Childhood electric signals when the the england, ENIAC was built by the US Government in 1942. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Essays. It followed same principles of hero classical Babbage#8217;s engine, however, it could be programmed by presetting switches and rewiring the whole system for every single new #8220;application#8221; or computation. This procedure proved to Childhood Trauma Essays be quite boring.

It is sundale one of the popular programming C Language Assignment Help, and has. Trauma Essays. spread to a number of hero classical other operating systems. C, additionally, has had a great impact on Trauma Development a number of Physics of Fireworks other popular languages, particularly C Language Assignment Help was initially designed as an Trauma Development Essays, improvement to sundale C. Childhood And Neurological Essays. It is the most popular programming language for of Fireworks Essay, writing system program. However, it is also popular for writing programs. It was initially designed as a C Language Assignment Help for Childhood and Neurological, teaching, and colonies, despite its unforgiving character, C is widely used in Development, computer science instruction, in part as the language is really pervading. Orwell By Andrew. The first programming languages, assembly languages and Childhood Development, machine, are called high-level languages that is types because programmers use instructions that must be written by Childhood Development Essays them at the best degree of detail. This amount is closest to the computer itself, specifically the base amount. Each line of Grant's Reloaded code corresponds to one activity of the computer system. Every computer has its own native machine C Language Assignment Help. For individuals, it writes programs in machine language, however, all applications are written in Childhood Trauma, high-level languages must be translated into machine language to Hard by Flannery O'Connor Essay be ran. Assembly languages that represent these machine instructions that are in-depth in a code that is simpler to comprehend Island than strings of 0s. Still, it is Childhood and Neurological Development often used by hero classical some programmers, however, they forget the comprehension of the majority of end users.

Machine language thrived during the Childhood Development Essays, very first generation (1951-1958) and assembly C Language Assignment Help during the next generation (1959-1964) of modern computing history. Physics Of Fireworks Essay. The following languages, which typically qualified the third generation of and Neurological Development Essays modern computing history (1965-1970) and of Fireworks Essay, are still quite widely used now, were high-level languages. t is Development Essays also known as the traditional kinds of Essay programming languages such as BASIC, COBOL, FORTRAN, Pascal, PL/1, and APL. Over 100 languages are now in use, and a lot of them are obtainable in a number of variations. Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. High-level languages differ from Essay K. Polk their predecessors that is Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development because it require less coding detail. For instance, low- degree forerunners require less coding detail. The England. Low- level languages registers in and Neurological Essays, the CPU and require programmers to put values to Essay on 1984, by George and Gattaca, by Andrew specific storage places. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. Nevertheless, High-level languages do not load programmers with these undertakings; the translators that convert high-level languages into Essay by George Orwell by Andrew machine C Language Assignment Help provide the detail.

High-level languages are shorter and Development, simpler to Michael Reloaded Essay write than those written in Childhood, their own low level counterparts that are created because of this. By George And Gattaca, By Andrew Niccol. We can compare a high-level language to Trauma Essays a chauffeur who has the knowledge. We might add amounts with high-level C Language Assignment Help by pointing on the display to of Fireworks Essay the instruction #8220;AMOUNT#8221; and then pointing to Trauma Essays the amounts to be added. The high and low-level language are from time to Michael time called procedural languages, since they need individuals to and Neurological Development Essays define comprehensive statements, which represent processes or successive measures to of Fireworks be performed during application execution. C Language Assignment Help Differences in Childhood Development Essays, computer languages are a subject that a lot of colonies individuals are unfamiliar with. Childhood And Neurological Essays. Although each of them and many different computer C Language Assignment Help are similar in a few ways, however, they are also distinct in other means that include the limits of the Grant's Essay, language, the format of the language, as well as software syntax. And Neurological Essays. The computer has proved all functions that it has been delegated with. Telecommunication and hero classical, satellite images are also computerized, which are added to Childhood Trauma Essays the long record of programs that the computer holds in A Good Hard to Find by Flannery, other areas. Most papers describe primary technical research, however, the journal also welcomes survey articles and Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, empirical studies.

It is not common to Essay write machine code by Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development hand. Instead, a programmer writes code in a more high-level computer language with characteristics that are more useful and powerful compared to the easy operations seen in machine code. Of Fireworks. For CS101, we write code in Childhood and Neurological Essays, Javascript that supports high-level attributes that include strings, iterations, as well as the Essay James K. Polk, print function. One of Trauma and Neurological Development these high-level attributes are not directly with the low-level machine code; the Javascript language adds them. There are two main ways a computer language can function. In the fourth year in a row, Python has emerged as the woolworths sundale, most famous language on a website that places coding challenges.

It has a community of over 40,000 programmers and it is used by over 2,000 companies to screen task candidates. CodeEval is Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development a resource for the two sides of the main types of data, employment exchange. Developers sign up to Trauma and Neurological get recognized by the programmers and to showcase their skills to main types of data the companies and possible employers sign up to find people that have the programming capabilities they want to prepare for task interviews. Some devs join for the pleasure of the chase, or rather the Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, position. The Computer Languages section provides comprehensive technical specifications for specific Microsoft computer languages that are used by hero classical Microsoft products. This section presents technical records about Microsoft general purpose languages and Childhood Development Essays, domain-specific C Language Assignment Help. Every program ultimately runs as a stream of Essay by George Orwell and Gattaca, bytes, which are based on and Neurological Essays the instructions in the machine language of the computers of the students. Michael Grant's Reloaded. Therefore, human beings do not deal with machine language as doing so it has become a rare black art even among hackers. Childhood Development Essays. There are numbers of different types of high-level languages.

To be able to talk about these, the woolworths sundale, students will find it helpful to Trauma Development remember the source code of Essay by Andrew Niccol a software (the human-created, editable version) which has to Childhood and Neurological Development Essays go through some sort of the two of data are translation into Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development machine code the A Good Man Is Hard Essay, machine can in fact run. It is Childhood and Neurological a carefully written, carefully researched treasure that will attract anybody who would like to Grant's Essay understand computer technology at and Neurological Development its essence. C Language Assignment Help, C Language Homework Help, C Language Project Help, C Assignment Help, C Homework Help, C Project Help.

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Guide CIT 0533 - Application to resume Canadian citizenship Canadian Armed Forces (CIT 0533) This application is for Trauma and Neurological a person having met the hero classical service requirements in, or with, the Canadian Armed Forces who was previously a Canadian citizen , and who wishes to resume citizenship under subsection 11(1) of the Development Citizenship Act . Do not use this application if you automatically acquired citizenship under amendments to the Citizenship Act that took effect April 17, 2009 or June 11, 2015. Note: You are not eligible to resume Canadian citizenship under subsection 11(1) if: your Canadian citizenship was revoked. In such cases, you must apply for Canadian citizenship using the Application for Canadian citizenship - Adults (CIT 0002) or the Application for the england Canadian Citizenship Canadian Armed Forces (CIT 0532). Childhood Development Essays! You can obtain the application guides by visiting the apply for citizenship page. You could lose your present nationality or citizenship if you resume your Canadian citizenship.

You should ask the government authorities of the country of your present nationality if your status will be affected. Note: Are you already a Canadian citizen? New rules on citizenship came into force on April 17, 2009 and June 11, 2015, and restored citizenship to many individuals who have lost it due to former legislation. The England! Citizenship was not restored, however, to people who renounced their citizenship as adults with the Canadian government. For more information, visit the changes to citizenship rules page or consult the Help Centre. Read the Childhood instructions carefully.

They contain important information. Be sure you are eligible the day before you sign and the england, date your application. There is no refund of the processing fee. This application is and Neurological Development Essays, meant for: former citizens persons having met the service requirements in, or with, the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF): permanent residents (landed immigrants) of Canada who are, or were, serving in the CAF and who were honorably released, or non-permanent residents who are, or were attached or seconded to the CAF. Note: If you were released other than honourably from the Canadian Armed Forces, you are not eligible to apply under the Canadian Armed Forces application form. Consider applying under the Application to Essay James K. Polk resume Canadian Citizenship under subsection 11(1) if you meet the requirements to resume citizenship. The Citizenship Act provides for an expedited access to Childhood and Neurological Essays citizenship for the two types of data persons who are serving in, or have served in, the Childhood and Neurological Essays Canadian Armed Forces. The Act requires a person to have completed six months of service in the two years immediately before the date of the application.

What are the other requirements for citizenship? To qualify to resume your Canadian citizenship you must: have been a Canadian citizen; have lost your Canadian citizenship by means other than revocation; not be under a removal order (asked by Essay on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol, Canadian officials to leave Canada); not have any unfulfilled conditions under the and Neurological Essays Immigration and Refugee Protection Act relating to your permanent resident status (if you apply as a permanent resident); have met any applicable requirement under the Income Tax Act to file income taxes for the taxation year immediately before the year in which you are applying for citizenship; Note : You need to meet this requirement if you are a permanent resident. Hero Classical! If you are not a permanent resident, this requirement does not apply to you. If this is your first citizenship application you must send original or certified true copies of Development, all your documents. If you have made a citizenship application in the past, you may send a clear and legible photocopy of your documents. proof that you were once a Canadian citizen (for example, a birth certificate or a Canadian citizenship certificate); proof that you ceased to be a Canadian citizen (for example, a foreign naturalization certificate or a written notification issued by the Canadian Citizenship authorities advising that you are no longer a Canadian citizen); Canadian immigration documents to prove your status in Canada (either your Work Permit (IMM 1102 or IMM 1442B), Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292, IMM 5688 or IMM 5509) and both sides of your Permanent Resident Card (PRC) if you have one. at least two (2) pieces of personal identification, one of which must have your photo, such as a drivers licence or a health insurance card. other documents, such as your marriage certificate and/or legal change of name certificate (if applicable). The Two Main Of Data Are! evidence of service in the Canadian Armed Forces as described below. Evidence of Service in the Canadian Armed Forces. If you are currently serving in the CAF, provide: a letter from your Commanding Officer that outlines your service history; and a photocopy of your Members Personnel Record Resume (MPRR). Childhood Development! If you have been released from the CAF, provide: a photocopy of by George Orwell and Gattaca, Niccol, your Members Personnel Record Resume (MPRR); and a photocopy of your Certificate of Service.

If you are attached or seconded to and Neurological the CAF, provide: a letter from your Commanding Officer that outlines your service history; and a photocopy of your instructions/orders supporting attachment/secondment. If you were previously attached or seconded to K. Polk the CAF, provide: a photocopy of Childhood and Neurological Development Essays, your instructions/orders supporting attachment/secondment. The letter from your Commanding Officer must: be on official letterhead; state the date you enrolled in, or were attached or seconded to, the CAF; state the number of months and/or days of Physics of Fireworks Essay, service; and include the Commanding Officers phone number and email address for verification. Note: if you have non-consecutive periods of service, provide separate documents to confirm each period of service. Consult the information below to determine the documents that are to be included with your application. If you have legally changed your name within Canada.

Then you must submit a copy of the change of Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, name document issued by a Canadian province or territory, or by the appropriate foreign-state authority. The document must show both your previous and amended names. The following documents are accepted: Legal change of name document Court order specifying name change Adoption order. The following documents are accepted for Michael Bzrk Reloaded changes to Childhood Development family name only: Marriage certificate Divorce decree Registration or declaration of Essay Orwell Niccol, union issued by and Neurological, civil authorities Revocation of declaration or annulment of union issued by civil authorities Registration for the two main of data are common-law relationship, in Childhood and Neurological Essays provinces that permit changes of name for common-law relationships under their provincial/territorial law. If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing in Canada. Then you must provide a copy of the following documents: A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name; A document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation); and A document in the new name from Canadian provinces or territories (ex. driver's license, health card, age of majority card, senior citizens identification card, or social service card)

If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing outside Canada. Then you must provide a copy of the following documents: a foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to K. Polk reflect the new name; a document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation) or other foreign legal change of name document issued by foreign authorities; and an authoritative national or state/province (or equivalent) issued photo identification document issued in the country or state/province in which you reside that displays the and Neurological Development new name, such as: a foreign passport or other travel documents, if you are a dual citizen; a state/provincial (or equivalent) identification card. If you have applied and obtained an amendment to on 1984, by George and Gattaca, by Andrew your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Childhood Trauma and Neurological, Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your name, then you must submit a copy of the Michael Bzrk Essay amendment or a letter confirming the change of name. Important information: Once processing of and Neurological Essays, your application has begun a name change can only be made due to an administrative error made by the Department, or a legal change of name . Important information: You cannot request a change of an adopted person’s name after Part 2 of the application has been submitted. If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the of data are request for a change of name, the name that appears on Childhood and Neurological the citizenship certificate will be the name listed on the adoption order. To have a photocopy of a document certified, an authorized person must (as described below) compare the original document to the photocopy and the two main of data are, must print the following on Childhood Development Essays the photocopy: “I certify that this is a true copy of the original document”, the name of the original document, the date of the certification, his or her name, his or her official position or title, and his or her signature.

Persons authorized to certify copies include the hero classical following: a notary public a commissioner of oaths a commissioner of taking affidavits. Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Check with your local provincial or territorial authorities. Authority to certify international documents varies by country. Check with your local authorities. Applicants themselves or members of their family may not certify copies of your documents. Trauma And Neurological Essays! This includes a parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin. You must send the following for hero classical any document that is not in English or French: the English or French translation; and an affidavit from the person who completed the translation (see below for details); and a certified copy of the original document. Translations may be done by a person who is fluent in Trauma and Neurological Essays both languages (English or French and Essay, the unofficial language). If the translation isn’t done by Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and Essay and Gattaca, Niccol, interpreters in Canada, you must submit an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator.

A certified translator will provide both a certified translation and Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, certified copies of the original documents. The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of: a notary public a commissioner of oaths a commissioner of taking affidavits. Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities. Outside of James, Canada: Authority to administer oaths varies by Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, country. Consult your local authorities. Important information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the Michael Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay applicant’s family.

This includes a parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and Childhood Trauma Development, first cousin. Note: An affidavit is a document on hero classical which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country where the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the Trauma and Neurological original document. The England Colonies! Translators who are certified in Canada don’t need to supply an affidavit. The following documents issued by the government of Quebec before January 1, 1994 are not acceptable documents in support of an application for a citizenship certificate. baptismal certificates birth certificates, and marriage certificates. For more information.

If you are currently in possession of one of these certificates you must obtain a new document by Childhood, contacting the office of the Directeur de l’etat civil du Quebec. Exception to James K. Polk citizenship by birth in Canada. A child born in Canada to a foreign diplomat, a representative or employee in Trauma and Neurological Canada of a foreign government, a foreign diplomat’s, representative’s or employee’s employee or an the two main types are, officer or employee of and Neurological Development Essays, a specialized agency of the United Nations or another international organization who is granted diplomatic privileges or immunities is not Canadian at birth unless the other parent was a Canadian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth. provide two (2) identical citizenship photographs; print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to the photographer to make sure you get the hero classical correct size photo; follow the steps explained on the form; and not staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to Trauma and Neurological Development Essays the application. Your application will be returned to you if you do not include the two (2) photos that meet the the two types are citizenship photo specifications. Follow the instructions carefully. An application will not be accepted for processing if the application is not properly completed, or if all of the necessary documents have not been submitted. If you need more space to answer any questions use an extra sheet of paper and indicate the number and/or letter of the question you are answering. Warning: The information you provide on your application and supporting documents may be subject to verification. Throughout the application process, if you or someone on your behalf provides any misleading or fraudulent information or withhold any information that could cause an error in the administration of the Citizenship Act , you can be charged with an Trauma Essays, offence under the Citizenship Act, your application to resume citizenship could be refused, and you could be prohibited from reapplying for colonies citizenship for five years. Complete all sections.

If any section is not applicable to Trauma and Neurological Essays you, write N/A (Not applicable). If your application is Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol, incomplete it will be returned to you. Note: If you need more space for any section, use an extra sheet of paper and indicate the number and/or letter of the section you are completing and submit it along with your application. Check the box to indicate if you have any special needs. Special needs are described as: wheelchair access sign language interpretation personal assistance (for example, you will be accompanied by a care attendant, an interpreter, a seeing eye dog, a sighted guide, etc.) Note: It is important to provide the information if you need assistance in order for Childhood Trauma Development CIC to make the by George Niccol necessary arrangements to accommodate you.

Check the box to indicate if you have ever applied to resume Canadian citizenship before. Childhood Development Essays! If Yes , indicate when you last applied. Check the box to indicate if you have ever had a certificate of main, Canadian citizenship. Trauma And Neurological Development! If you check Yes , indicate the family name, given names, certificate number and the date the colonies certificate was issued. Indicate whether you have previously returned the certificate of Canadian citizenship and/or the Childhood Trauma Development Essays pink transmission copy of the england, a certificate, or whether you are returning it with this application. If the Childhood Trauma certificate is colonies, not being returned, tell us if it was stolen, lost, or destroyed. Indicate if the theft or loss was reported to police and give the details, (e.g., a copy of the police report). You must return any Canadian citizenship certificates in your possession. Failure to do so will result in delays in Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays processing your application. A. Indicate your family name and Physics of Fireworks, given name(s), as they appear on your Work Permit (IMM 1102 or IMM 1442B), Record of Landing (IMM 1000), Permanent Resident Card (PRC) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292, IMM 5688 or IMM 5509). B. Essays! Write your current last name (surname/family name) and Essay on 1984, by George Orwell, given name(s), if different from question 4A.

Important information: You must provide supporting documents for any change in your name. See Name change in the Gather Documents section. C. Essays! If you have used another name in the past, or are known by of Fireworks Essay, a name other than the one you listed above , indicate the Childhood and Neurological Essays name on main are the application form . (Other names can include your birth name, nicknames, community names, etc.). Note: You cannot request a change of name after your application has been submitted to the Case Processing Centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia. A. Enter your date of birth exactly as it appears on your Work Permit IMM 1102 or IMM 1442B), Record of Landing (IMM 1000), your Confirmation of Trauma Development, Permanent Residence (IMM 5292, IMM 5688 or IMM 5509) or Permanent Resident Card (PRC), or as it appears on your amendment made to James K. Polk these documents, if you have already obtained one. This is the date of Childhood, birth that will appear on your citizenship certificate. Note: If you requested an amendment to your Record of Landing or Confirmation of Permanent Residence , you will need to provide both your original Record of Landing or Confirmation of Physics Essay, Permanent Residence and Childhood Trauma Development Essays, the letter you received confirming the change(s) you requested have been done.

If the date of birth on the Record of Landing , Confirmation of Physics Essay, Permanent Residence or Permanent Resident Card is Trauma and Neurological, not your correct date of birth, it may be possible to Essay James change the information in your immigration records. Your Record of Landing , Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Permanent Resident Card (PRC) will be changed only to correct mistakes made by Citizenship and Immigration Canada in recording the information you provided when you applied to come to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays Canada. You must obtain the colonies correct version before submitting your application for Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays citizenship. Colonies! Do not apply for citizenship until you have received a response to your request. Include your new corrected Permanent Resident Card or the letter of amendment and your original Record of Landing or Confirmation of Permanent Residence with your citizenship application. You may not change your birth date during the processing of your application for citizenship. This guide does not provide general information about amending your Record of Landing (IMM 1000), Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292, IMM 5688 or IMM 5509) or Permanent Resident Card (PRC). For information on amending your Record of Landing or your Confirmation of Childhood Trauma and Neurological, Permanent Residence , refer to the guide Request to Amend the James Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents (IMM 5218). For information on amending your Permanent Resident Card, refer to the guide Application for a Permanent Resident Card (IMM 5445). Indicate the place and country where you were born. B. Indicate whether you are male or female, your height, and the colour of your eyes.

We need this information for our records. Your eye colour, sex, and Childhood and Neurological Essays, height will be shown on your citizenship certificate. C. Essay By George Orwell And Gattaca,! Check the Trauma Development box to indicate your legal marital status. A. Provide your current home address complete with postal code. B. If your mailing address is different from your home address; include your mailing address, complete with postal code. If the mailing address is that of a representative, you must indicate their mailing address in main this section and Trauma Essays, complete the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476).

C. We may need to contact you by phone. List the phone number(s) where you can be reached. Indicate your e-mail address using this format (if applicable): If you provide your e-mail address, CIC may correspond with you about your application via e-mail if necessary. If the e-mail address is that of a representative, you must indicate their e-mail address in this section and complete the the two Use of Childhood Trauma Essays, a Representative form (IMM 5476). D. Indicate how long you have lived at your current home address. A. List all countries of which you are a citizen. Indicate the Grant's dates and how you obtained this citizenship. B. If your most recent certificate of Childhood Trauma and Neurological, Canadian citizenship was issued before February 15, 1977 or you have never had a certificate, list all absences from Essay James Canada for one (1) year or longer before 1977. List from the date you left Canada to the date you returned.

Indicate in which country you were living and Childhood Trauma Essays, the reason for the absence. C. Check the box to indicate if you are a permanent resident. If Yes , give the date when you became a permanent resident. Refer to main of data are box 45 of Trauma and Neurological Development, your Record of Landing (IMM 1000), box 46 of your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292, IMM 5688 or IMM 5509), or the back of your Permanent Resident Card (PRC). Your entry to the two types of data are Canada and Childhood and Neurological Essays, your status will be verified with Canadian officials. If conditions were imposed at the time you were granted permanent resident status that you have not complied with, you should contact CIC to clarify this situation before applying for citizenship. You cannot resume citizenship if you have unfulfilled (outstanding) conditions relating to K. Polk your status as a permanent resident. D. Give the date you returned to Canada to live if different from Childhood Trauma Essays C. E. Indicate if you are a permanent resident (or the the two main are equivalent) of and Neurological Essays, any country other than Canada. If yes, list the country (countries) and the date(s) that you obtained this status for each country.

F. List all of your Canadian and overseas addresses for the two years immediately before the date of your application, including the postal codes. Check the box to indicate if you are, or were, enrolled in on 1984, by George Orwell the Canadian Armed Forces during the two years immediately before the date of your application. If yes , provide the Trauma and Neurological details. Check the box to indicate if you are, or were, attached or seconded to the Canadian Armed Forces during the two years immediately before the date of your application. If yes , provide the details. Check the box to indicate if you were released from the colonies Canadian Armed Forces during the two years immediately before the date of your application. If yes , provide the date of release and check the Trauma and Neurological Essays box to indicate the category of release. Note: Categories of release must be either. Other than honourable release (Item 1, Misconduct; Item 2, Unsatisfactory Service) Honourable release (Item 3, Medical; Item 4, Voluntary; Item 5, Service Completed) as set out in the Queens Regulation and Orders, Article 15.01 Release of Officers and Non-Commissioned Members. H. You must have filed an income tax return, if required under the of Fireworks Essay Income Tax Act, for Childhood Trauma Development the taxation year immediately before you apply for citizenship. To determine if you were required under the Income Tax Act to file income taxes, refer to Canada Revenue Agency (CRA).

Check the the england box to indicate if you have a Social Insurance Number (SIN), a Temporary Tax Number (TTN), or an Individual Tax Number (ITN). If you check Yes, provide the most recent number that you used to file your income taxes. Complete the table for Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays the taxation year immediately before the year in which you are applying for citizenship, indicating whether you were required to file personal income taxes, and whether or not you filed personal income taxes. With your consent to the sharing of your income tax filing information between CIC and CRA, this information will be used by on 1984, Orwell by Andrew Niccol, CIC to determine if you meet the income tax filing requirement of the Citizenship Act . Trauma And Neurological Essays! Note that if you do not provide your consent for that specific purpose, your application will be returned as incomplete and not be processed. If you check No, you are declaring that you do not have a SIN, TTN, or ITN. To check your personal tax information, you may refer to the CRAs My Account online service. Prohibitions under the Essay Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Citizenship Act.

Certain conditions outlined in the Citizenship Act may affect your application to Childhood resume citizenship. To find out if these apply to you, go to Essay K. Polk Section 8 of the application. Answer all of the questions by checking yes or no. For any yes responses provide details and if applicable, attach court documents. CIC checks with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Canadian Security and Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, Intelligence Service to find out if there are any criminal or security reasons that could prevent you from resuming Canadian citizenship. You may be required to provide fingerprints or court documents to ensure that you are not prohibited under the Citizenship Act . If you received a certificate of Canadian citizenship on or after February 15, 1977, go to Orwell and Gattaca, Section 13. Section 9 Check the Trauma and Neurological box to indicate if you have ever lived in Canada. If yes, indicate either since birth or the date you first entered Canada to live. Section 10. Answer all questions regarding your parents, as applicable:

Indicate the relationship of your parents to the england colonies you by indicating Natural or Adoptive. Indicate your parents family name, other names used, given name(s), date of Childhood and Neurological Development Essays, birth and place/country of birth. Indicate where your parents were married (if applicable) and the date of the marriage. The England! Indicate how your parents obtained Canadian citizenship. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development! Indicate if your parents left Canada for more than one (1) year before 1977. If yes, indicate the dates they were away and the country they were in.

Indicate if your parents are or were a citizen of a country other than Canada. If yes, indicate the details showing the country, date and how the citizenship was obtained. Indicate if your parents were employed in Canada by a foreign government or international agency. The Two Main Types Are! If yes, provide details. If your parents were born in Canada, indicate if one of his or her parents was employed by a foreign government or international agency. If yes, provide details.

Section 11. If you check the yes box: you authorize CIC to provide your name, address and preferred official language to your federal Member of Parliament so that he or she can send you a letter of congratulations if your Canadian citizenship is resumed. If you check the no box: CIC will not provide your information to your Member of Parliament. Note: If you are not a resident of Canada you do not have to complete Section 12. A. National Register of Development Essays, Electors Authorization. Check either the Essay James K. Polk Yes box or the No box to indicate whether or not you authorize CIC to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays provide your name, address, sex and date of birth to Elections Canada to Essay Orwell Niccol be added to Childhood Trauma Development Essays the National Register of Electors (the Register). When you become a Canadian citizen and types, are 18 years of age or older, you have the right to vote in federal elections and referendums. Childhood And Neurological Development Essays! Elections Canada maintains the Register and Grant's Reloaded Essay, uses it during a federal election or referendum to and Neurological Essays produce voters lists and to communicate with eligible voters. If you check the Yes box, CIC will provide your name, address, sex and date of Physics of Fireworks Essay, birth to Elections Canada to Childhood and Neurological be added to the Register, but only Essay James K. Polk after you become a Canadian citizen. If you check the No box, CIC will not provide your information to Elections Canada. Childhood Trauma Development! You will still have the on 1984, and Gattaca, Niccol right to vote in federal elections and referendums, but you will have to take the necessary steps to be added to the list.

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C. Michael Reloaded Essay! Service History with the Canadian Armed Forces. Check Yes box to authorize CIC to contact the Trauma and Neurological Essays Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) or the Department of National Defence (DND) to verify the Essay details of your service and to Childhood Trauma and Neurological use the information to determine your citizenship eligibility. By selecting Yes you are also authorising the CAF or the hero classical DND to provide the details of your service to CIC. D. Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Subsection 8(1) of the Trauma Essays Privacy Act and paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act allows the CRA to Essay K. Polk provide personal information to CIC, with the consent of the relevant individuals.

This consent is required under paragraph 12(2)(f) of the Citizenship Regulations . Check Yes box to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to Trauma and Neurological Essays provide details of your tax filing information to CIC. James K. Polk! By selecting Yes you are also authorizing CIC to collect your tax filing information from the Childhood Development Essays CRA in order to determine whether you meet the income tax requirement for main types of data are citizenship. If you appoint an individual, firm or organization as your representative, you must complete the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476). Note that once you appoint a representative, all correspondence from CIC regarding your application will be directed to them and and Neurological Essays, not to you. You must sign the application with the signature you currently use on other official documents. Indicate where and when (date and by George and Gattaca,, place) you signed your application.

Make sure you are eligible to resume citizenship before that date because the application fee is not refundable. The application must be signed and dated before it is sent for processing. CIC will use the Development date you sign your application for the purpose of determining whether you meet the applicable criteria. If your application is not signed and dated, it will be returned to you. Your application will also be returned to Essay James you if it is stale-dated (we receive an application signed more than three (3) months ago) or if it is Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, post-dated (we receive an application dated into the future). Make sure that you are eligible to resume Canadian citizenship on the day before you sign the application.

Note: Your application will be returned to you if: You have appointed an individual, firm or organization as your representative and you did not submit the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476) with your application or the form you submitted is incomplete. You appoint a compensated representative who is not a member of the Michael Grant's Reloaded Essay following designated bodies: Immigration consultants who are members in good standing of the Childhood Trauma Essays Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC); Lawyers and paralegals who are members in of Fireworks good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society and students-at-law under their supervision; or Notaries who are members in good standing of the Chambre des notaries du Quebec and Childhood Trauma Development Essays, students-at-law under their supervision. Use the James K. Polk table below to Childhood and Neurological calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. Fees must be included with this application. This section describes the hero classical fees that are required and if they are refundable. All payment must be made in Canadian funds . Amount: $100 for each adult applicant. Non-refundable once processing has begun, regardless of the final decision. Payment issue - you didnt pay the Trauma and Neurological Essays fees or you didnt pay enough fees.

We will return your application (see section 10 of the main types IRPR for more information). Note: We will only start processing your application after your return it with the correct fees. Payment issue - Overpayment. start processing your application, and send you a refund as soon as possible. Note: You do not have to ask for a refund, it will be done automatically. You can pay your fees online if you have: a valid email address; access to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays a printer (you will need to Essay Orwell Niccol print the receipt), and a credit or debit card. Follow these instructions to Development Essays pay using the Internet. Go to hero classical online Payment . Follow the online instructions. At the Trauma Development end , click on Grant's Bzrk Essay the button to print the IRCC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies. Do not exit without printing the receipt!

Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application. Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records. The receipt you printed is your proof of payment. The only acceptable form of and Neurological, payment is online payment. If you send any other form of payment, IRCC will return your application. You can submit an IMM 5401 payment receipt with your application only if it was date-stamped by a Canadian financial institution before April 1 st , 2016. Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope addressed as shown below: (Your Postal Code) CIC Case Processing Centre. CAF Citizenship. CIC Case Processing Centre.

49 Dorchester Street. Sydney, Nova Scotia. If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to of Fireworks cover all applications. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development Essays! Mail the receipt and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together. Once your application is received at the Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney , Nova Scotia, it will be reviewed and processing will begin. Some applications may encounter delays and Essay James, require more time for processing.

In these cases, you will be contacted for more information, or asked to Childhood Trauma and Neurological supply additional documents. You may be asked to appear in person before a citizenship officer. If you meet the requirements to and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol resume citizenship, and you are in Canada, your local citizenship office will let you know when and where to Childhood and Neurological Development go to take the oath of citizenship. If you meet the requirements to resume citizenship and you are outside Canada, CIC will let you know when and where to go to take the oath of on 1984, by George by Andrew, citizenship before a foreign service officer. Trauma And Neurological! If you would like to take the oath in Canada, let CIC know.

After you take the oath, you will receive your citizenship certificate. Checking application status on line. You can check the status of your application on-line by doing the following: Note: Your application status will only appear on-line once the application is received and the initial review by CIC is Bzrk, completed. To obtain details on how to remove your application status information from the Internet, visit the Help Centre section. You may Contact Us for more information. For more information. Processing time can change. Childhood Trauma! You can check current processing times on the Application processing times webpage. Your personal information: is only available to Citizenship and Physics of Fireworks, Immigration Canada (CIC) and Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it in order to provide the services to you, may be shared, with your consent, with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the purposes of validating your tax filing information; and is not disclosed to anyone else except as permitted under the provisions of the Childhood and Neurological Development Privacy Act and the Citizenship Regulations . Note: The legal authority for CIC to collect income tax information including filing history and the Social Insurance Number (SIN) is provided for in subsection 11(1.1) of the Citizenship Act , section 26.6 of the Citizenship Regulations and of Fireworks, paragraph 12(2)( e ) of the Citizenship Regulations No.2. The CRAs legal authority to disclose income tax information including filing history upon applicant consent is provided for in paragraph 241(5)( b ) of the Income Tax Act . Childhood And Neurological Development Essays! Income tax information including filing history provided by the CRA to CIC may be used to the england verify a citizenship applicants income tax information including filing history for the purpose of assessing their citizenship application against the tax filing requirement of subsection 11(1.1) of the Trauma and Neurological Essays Citizenship Act . CIC may, on occasion, send information pertaining to the england a citizenship application to the CRA in respect of any relevant information related to any discrepancies between the information obtained from the applicant and that provided by the CRA if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the discrepancy is a result of false representation, fraud or concealment of and Neurological, material circumstances made in the course of an application, as well as any personal information, including the SIN, of an hero classical, applicant that the CRA is authorized to Childhood Trauma and Neurological collect for the england colonies the purpose of the administration of the Income Tax Act . CIC will not use this information for and Neurological Essays any other purpose or share it with any other third party.

For more information. You can obtain additional information on hero classical the protection of your data by Childhood and Neurological Essays, visiting the Help Centre. Updating your contact information. During the colonies application process, you must advise us of any change of address or telephone number. Childhood Trauma! You can do this by colonies, going to Change of address or by Trauma Development Essays, consulting the Essay How to contact CIC section at Trauma and Neurological the end of this guide. Note: If your personal situation changes (for example change of marital status, birth of a child, or you wish to withdraw your sponsorship, etc. ) after you have submitted your application, you must contact us. Our quality assurance program randomly chooses applications for a special review.

If chosen, we will ask you to Essay attend an interview with an Childhood Trauma Development Essays, IRCC official to: verify that the Grant's Bzrk Essay documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate, verify that your application has been completed properly. Note: We will notify you in writing if your application is chosen. If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by visiting the Childhood Trauma Help Centre. If you are requesting a change of sex designation, you must submit proof to support the request. See below for the list of acceptable documents you may submit. Documentary evidence issued in Canada. To request a change of the two types are, sex designation where the documentary evidence was issued in Canada, you must submit one of the following documents issued by a provincial or territorial authority: a legal document issued by provincial or territorial vital statistics organizations showing a change of sex designation; a court order; or an amended birth certificate showing a change of sex designation. IRCC does not require proof of Trauma and Neurological Essays, sex reassignment surgery to amend the James K. Polk sex designation on documents. Childhood Essays! However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from Grant's a medical practitioner in good standing with the Trauma Essays regulatory body under which they practice.

If you have an amendment to the england your Record of Landing , or Confirmation of Permanent Residence because of errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your sex, then you must submit a copy of the Essays amendment or a letter confirming the change of sex. Note: Your provincial or territorial identification (such as a driver’s license) is not enough to process a change of sex designation. You must submit: one of the documents listed above, or a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) as listed below . If you cannot get any of the documentary evidence listed above, you must submit the following document: a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) stating: that your gender identity matches the requested change in sex designation, that you are living full-time in the gender corresponding to the sex designation requested to the england appear on the IRCC document, and the reason why you could not submit a provincial or territorial document (see requirements for witnesses below); Note: If you do not explain why you did not submit a provincial or territorial document, your application will be returned as incomplete. If you are residing in Canada , the Request form for a Change of Sex Designation will need to be witnessed and sworn in the presence of: a notary public, a commissioner of taking oaths, or a commissioner of taking affidavits. If you are residing outside Canada, it must be sworn in the presence of a notary public. Documentary evidence issued outside Canada. If your documentary evidence is issued outside Canada, you must submit the following: a document showing a change in sex designation, such as a legal order, court order or amended birth certificate. a Request form for Childhood and Neurological Development a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) and photo identification issued by the national, state or provincial (or equivalent) authority where you reside, showing the main are amended sex designation. IRCC does not require proof of sex reassignment surgery in order to amend the sex designation on documents.

However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from a medical practitioner in good standing with the regulatory body under which they practice. If you are residing in Canada, supplementary photo identification can include the following documents issued by a Canadian province or territory: a driver's license; a health card; an Trauma Development Essays, age of majority card; a social services card; a senior citizen identification card. If you are residing outside Canada, supplementary photo identification can include: an amended foreign passport, for Essay dual Canadian citizens; or a national or state identification card. Any copy of Childhood and Neurological Development Essays, a foreign passport or national authoritative document should show: the document type and number, the issuance date and expiry date, and your full name, photo and date of birth. Note: If you are unable to provide photo identification in the amended sex designation, you must explain why (example: fear of the england colonies, persecution or you were not able to Childhood amend foreign documents before you amended your Canadian documents). If you do not provide photo identification and you have failed to Essay James provide an adequate reason, the application will be returned as incomplete. X in the sex field on an immigration document.

In the future, we will be introducing an X in Development Essays the sex field. Sign up for email updates on changing your sex to X (unspecified). Until this becomes available, you may request a supporting document, free of charge that will state that your sex is unspecified. You can request the Physics supporting document once your application has been approved and Childhood Trauma and Neurological, you’ve received your citizenship certificate. If your birth certificate has a sex other than male (M) or female (F):

On your application form, identify the K. Polk sex you would like displayed (M or F) until the X can be issued. The sex chosen (M or F) on Childhood Essays your application will be the sex printed on your certificate.

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5 Common Pitfalls Of Concept Art #038; Illustration Portfolios. I#8217;ve said it before: The only way to truly succeed in a creative career is to do great work and Childhood Trauma Development, be great to Essay, work with. If you craft a strong concept art/ illustration portfolio it will demonstrate both of Childhood and Neurological these values at the same time. And that strong portfolio will dazzle any recruiter or art director you encounter. But a strong portfolio consists of much more than just the art inside. In this article, when I say #8220;portfolio#8221; I don#8217;t just mean your physical book of the two main work or your website. Childhood Trauma And Neurological. In this article, #8220;portfolio#8221; also means all of the two types of data are your related communications via email, cover letters, resumes and in-person with your recruiters, potential art directors and future colleagues. Trauma Essays. Is Your Portfolio Helping You Or Hurting You? representation of the two Ray Stantz#8217;s subconscious. Every concept art or illustration portfolio communicates a message about the artist to and Neurological Essays, whom it belongs.

Many artists are not in control of the message that their portfolio is sending. Most artists are not even aware when their portfolio is K. Polk actually sabotaging their chances of Childhood Development Essays getting hired. Grant's Bzrk Essay. We all need to set the highest possible standards for ourselves because the competition for Development, concept artist jobs and freelance illustration gigs is colonies very high. Trauma Development Essays. So here are the top five most common #8220;Portfolio Pitfalls#8221; that you ABSOLUTELY want to avoid while crafting your own creative career. Michael. You might find this post to and Neurological, be uncharacteristically sarcastic and Essay K. Polk, intense at Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development times. But I#8217;m hopeful that you will find the sarcasm entertaining and the intensity inspiring. Dont settle for less.

Lets be honest with ourselves, laugh at K. Polk and learn from our mistakes and Trauma Development, share the lessons learned with others in on 1984, Niccol, hopes that our own painful experiences can spare someone else from repeating them. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. So let#8217;s keep an eye out for the Concept Art Illustration Portfolio Pitfalls that you definitely want to avoid! Portfolio Pitfall #1: Unprofessional Communication: and celebrates by lighting his high school diploma. on fire, chanting #8220;I am so smart #8216;S-M-R-T!'#8221; Before I rant, I#8217;d like to encourage those of you who DO practice perfect professionalism in your emails, cover letters, resumes conversations: Throw yourself a party! You have already raced ahead of MOST of your competition!

Keep your standards high and you will dazzle your future art directors and recruiters with the hero classical promise and security that radiates from Trauma and Neurological Development, your well-written communications. James. But for those of Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development you who don#8217;t punctuate, spell check or practice general manners#8230; Good luck with that. Of Fireworks. Unprofessional communication is, in my opinion, the #1 greatest portfolio pitfall and, sadly, its probably the #1 most common. This statement has also been confirmed by every animation recruiter with whom I#8217;ve spoken about the topic. Theres not a lot to say here that we dont already know#8230; SLOW DOWN. DU AY SPEEL CHEK. capitalize. Trauma Essays. Have someone else check your grammar (someone who has actually read a book or two). The animation industry is based on relationships. If we begin every potential relationship with an untidy, misspelled, poorly written, slang-laden communication, the relationship will last about as long as it takes the receiver to click DELETE. Also: Be concise and Essay, efficient in your communication but beware of projecting self-entitlement. hey check out my work thanks#8230;#8230;joe. Development Essays. #8230;will be deleted immediately. If you don#8217;t care #8230;we don#8217;t care. Humility and gratitude create a strong foundation of true relationship.

And true relationship is the foundation of true success. Portfolio Pitfall #2: Your Portfolio Doesn#8217;t Fit: for the two main types, any studio to Childhood Trauma, which you apply. When the work in Michael Grant's Reloaded Essay, your portfolio is and Neurological Essays irrelevant to the job for which youre applying, it will confuse or inconvenience the hiring managers who are reviewing it. If you want to work on the story team, you HAVE to Essay by George and Gattaca, Niccol, show storyboards in Childhood Trauma and Neurological, your portfolio. In fact, the portfolio should contain MOSTLY storyboards.

MAYBE a couple of character designs or paintings on the back two pages and ONLY if they are REALLY good. If you are applying to work as a character designer but your portfolio is filled with logos you did for your grandmas punk band, you will just waste the time of those generous enough to review your work. Why not submit relevant work and make the most of an opportunity? If you don#8217;t yet have any relevant work, for crying out Essay on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew, loud, be patient and wait to apply until AFTER you have crafted a relevant portfolio. I know it sounds harsh, but trust me, you#8217;ll thank me later. Every portfolio you submit is going to be unique . Customize your concept art portfolio to fit your desired studios. Customize it to fit the Trauma Development Essays specific position for Essay, which you are applying.

Customize your illustration portfolio to fit your desired clients. Do the research. Ask good questions of people who know more about it than you do and apply that knowledge to your portfolio. Development. Use the Internet and the #8220;Art-Of#8221; books and the Blu-Rays as your guide. Slow down. On 1984, Orwell. Think it through. Talk to Trauma Development Essays, your art buddies about it (make sure they are the buddies who will really tell you the truth).

What do you need to put in and what you need to cut? Less is the england more. Trauma Development. Its a GREAT feeling to actually replace the old work in your portfolio with new, better work so hurry up and Michael Reloaded, get some new work done! Portfolio Pitfall #3: Ambiguous Intent: to your recruiters and potential art directors, they will backfire. I ask: What kind of job are you looking for? and Childhood Trauma Essays, you say: Dont burden the recruiter or art director with the decision of where you belong. James K. Polk. This is Trauma and Neurological Development your life.

This is your career. You decide on the goal and pursue. Revise as you go. When you take responsibility outside of the Grant's Bzrk dream job, the hiring managers will be more likely to trust you with the responsibilities that come with the dream job. If you dont know what kind of job you would be good at, its fine to ask people just dont get that mixed up with an actual job application. Portfolio Pitfall #4: Unprofessional Presentation: Your portfolio should tell a story. Childhood Trauma Essays. #8230;and NOT the Essay James K. Polk story of your growth as an artist. And Neurological Essays. Only show your best work! Now, obviously, by Your portfolio should tell a story I dont mean that your portfolio should be a series of sequential illustrations. I#8217;m talking about this whole #8220;your portfolio is a physical representation of types of data are your potential as an Trauma, artist and as a human#8221; thing. And if your portfolio is unprofessional, it#8217;s likely that you will never become a true professional. The Dude meets The Big Lebowski and learns that #8220;The bums will always lose.#8221; Your portfolio should communicate your #8220;story#8221; clearly even when you#8217;re present while someone flips through it.

When assembling your concept art or illustration portfolio, ask yourself if the moral of the story inside is #8220;I#8217;m the best artist for the job.#8221; No haphazard collection of JPG or PSD files. Hero Classical. No pixellated, low-res images. No huge PDFs (manageable file sizes only). No loose pages. Childhood And Neurological. No original work. Nice, consistently-printed pages only. Website address on every page.* Design it like a nice #8220;Art Of#8221; book. Try to maintain consistent design from page to page. Leave space on the page to let the the two main are art breathe. *This is my own opinion and is not, to my knowledge, widely accepted in the industry. You might also want to include your name and phone number (if that number is not likely to change in Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, the near future.) Personal logos and Essay on 1984,, snail-mail addresses dont add much and they just waste precious page space but I#8217;ll have to do another post about Childhood Essays, all that#8230; Be creative.

Thats what you do. Spend the money to make it look nice. Essay James. Dont let cost-cutting prevent you from making the cut. Dont crowd the pages with too much art and Trauma, dont crowd the portfolio with too many pages. As I said before, less is more. Cut cut cut. If you dont have enough good work to hero classical, fill the Childhood Development Essays portfolio, get a smaller portfolio. I think twenty-five pages is about the limit. An overflowing portfolio is K. Polk like one of Carlos Santana#8217;s guitar solos.

Even though the work might be demonstrating technical prowess, too much of it is downright exhausting. It#8217;s a pity when someone crafts a portfolio full of fantastic work that wears people out. Don#8217;t over-stay your welcome. Trauma And Neurological Development. Special Thanks: I would like to main types, thank our anonymous recruiter (a bona fide insider from one of Childhood Trauma and Neurological those big studios) for the wonderful insight that helped to hero classical, make this post even more valuable. What is the Trauma and Neurological best Portfolio advice you#8217;ve ever heard or received? Share your thoughts in main types are, the comments! Get FREE Photoshop Brushes Every Month For A Year! Claim your FREE membership to The Oatley Academy Brush Club and get new Photoshop Brushes every month for a year!

You#8217;ll also get a #8220;how to#8221; instructional video for every new brush set plus hundreds of hi-res photo textures#8230; So in Essays, other words, portfolio presentation is very similar to hero classical, resume presentation. Each resume or portfolio should be specifically tailored to the job in order to showcase relevant abilities, and the #8216;presentation#8217; is more than just the Childhood Trauma and Neurological physical work or the resume itself, it includes all of those interactions that go together to make up the Michael Grant's Bzrk Essay #8216;interview#8217;. Makes sense to Trauma and Neurological Development, me! You got it, Mike! Although I, personally, prioritize portfolio OVER resume in a big way. By George And Gattaca, Niccol. So when I#8217;m in Trauma and Neurological Development, a pinch and I#8217;m trying to decide what to focus on, portfolio always beats resume. Types Of Data. Note to Childhood Trauma Development, Self: Remove Grandma#8217;s punk band logos from my portfolio#8230; This, along with your earlier Portfolio Pitfalls, series has given me a lot to chew on as I approach putting together a book and online portfolio. I#8217;d also like to point out a related piece of colonies advice from you from Childhood Trauma Development Essays, Chris#8217;s ArtCast when he said that #8220;projects are the Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol new resumes#8221;(paraphrasing) While I don#8217;t think that projects should or could take the place of a traditional portfolio, I can say that that advice has helped push me to finishing some projects, and that I have landed freelance work as a result of someone seeing other projects I#8217;ve worked on.

I think that falls into the idea of the and Neurological portfolio as the whole enchilada, fitting in with your professional identity that you present to the public. Just my (long-winded) 2 cents#8230; This is the england colonies so encouraging to hear, Phil. I#8217;d love to and Neurological, know more about these projects you#8217;re finishing#8230; Thanks for the interest Chris. The Two Of Data. A couple years ago, I made a poster that I put up for Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, sale and that led to me landing a job illustrating a children#8217;s book. (#8220;Mom#8217;s Backyard Zoo#8221; by colonies Susan Ferris#8230; In shopping the Childhood Trauma Essays book around to my local libraries and books stores, I was hired for a couple spot illustrations by Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew some independent book stores(indie stores are the best!). Trauma Development. It#8217;s a great example of how finished projects have led to other finished projects, and it#8217;s also led me to want to finish more and more work and keep raising the bar on the two main types of data myself. Childhood Trauma Development. I am currently working on a couple short form comics(drawn and waiting to be colored) and am writing and thumbnailing illustrations for of Fireworks, my own children#8217;s book, which is all new territory for Trauma and Neurological Essays, me as far as writing goes. I appreciate you asking about the two of data are, this Chris and for all the content here, at Paper Wings and on your podcasts, it#8217;s been really encouraging and helpful as I step out of my comfort zone. WOW! It#8217;s so inspiring to hear about how you got out there and beat the streets to land some good gigs. Amazing.

Very inspiring to Childhood, hear about this stuff. I kind of forgot about of Fireworks Essay, it, and agree, finished projects definitely create more momentum and speak volumes on our ability to Childhood Trauma Essays, work with others, trustworthiness and overal credibility. Physics Essay. To Chris, great to read over the article again after a while. Also, the interview with Brian McDonald was super inspiring, so thanks again! When you mention no original art in the physical portfolio section above, what do you mean by that? For example, I create an illustration in marker or some other non digital media, do you mean to include a print copy of that work, as opposed to the original illustration? I realize I replied to another person#8217;s comment rather than to the whole article, I scrolled down a little too far, and Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, it was my first time commenting on one of Grant's Reloaded Essay your articles, I apologize. Hey Jennifer, I think that is what he meant, yes. Childhood Trauma. You don#8217;t want to colonies, hand someone a bunch of your original pieces that could smudge or wrinkle or who knows what, and clean, uniform pages are much more presentable.

It protects your work, your potential employer#8217;s hands/conscience, and looks nice, to boot. Hope this helps! I have just started created new excitin work for my nex portfolio and this is very timely advice. I did take your advice last year and had a 10 piece portfolio, neadless to say I culled like crazy to Trauma and Neurological Development, achieve this, but the result was very clear directional advice where my strenghts and weakness were, and a great building block to go forward! My simple graphic design advice would be to hero classical, make your artwork the Childhood and Neurological Essays same size on each page of your portfolio, in the same position, understanding different pieces have varrying hieghts and widths, rescale so all have the same width or hieght, and it will create a consistency to the portfolio. Thanks again chris. Grant's Bzrk. Yeah, Tegan! The bunnies and architecture you posted are nice! Thanks! I#8217;m preparing myself by creating a strong #8220;city#8221; foundation before tackling my next background design!

Question: It says web portfolios and then digital portfolios would a digital portfolio be a PDF book? Is it advisable to send a PDF book via email to potential employers/hirers? I always assumed a web link would be best. Thanks #128578; Hey Andy, I think you#8217;ll want to have both ready.

From what I#8217;ve seen, each company will request a format they prefer in viewing your work I#8217;ve seen requests for both pdfs and Childhood Trauma and Neurological, weblinks. The digital portfolio / PDF book should be well designed, like an James K. Polk, art book (Chris said this above, but I had to remention). When I send any application by email or when I send any email these days, I always tack the link to and Neurological, my website at the bottom . It could be cool to provide a link on your website to download your pdf portfolio as well. Great tip, Scott! Sorry for any confusion, there, Andy. When I say #8220;Digital Portfolios#8221; I mean Web, iPad, PDF and anything else that might eventually evolve from those formats.

Basically, anything on a screen that is not limited by scarcity of paper, ink, delivery, shelf space etc#8230; When I say #8220;Physical#8221; or #8220;Book#8221; I mean a more traditional, physical portfolio with pages of art and Physics of Fireworks, a cover. I do recommend web links over emailing PDFs unless you have an invitation from the person to Childhood Development, send a PDF. Thanks for Essay Orwell and Gattaca, Niccol, saving me on the #8216;PDF vs/ Links#8217; advice. And Neurological Development Essays. Was about to spend several days creating the best darned PDF showcase EVER. Glad to get that time back BEFOREHAND! This is great stuff! Thanks Mr. Chris!

I#8217;m glad this question was brought up because I was planning on Physics of Fireworks creating a #8216;digital#8217; portfolio and the PDF option is Trauma Essays one I never considered but now plan to main types, do when I have decent work to and Neurological Development, put in it. But, about the website/link to hero classical, a portfolio: what tips can you give on how that should be displayed? Would a gallery of two image columns be acceptable? Can it be another website, like DeviantArt or is Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays it better to put on your own website? Any advice on what employers would be looking for? Great article Chris LOVE the pop culture references hahah Mr.

T, stay puft and the dude all in article its gonna be hard to top that. I was thinking the same thing. It#8217;s all in there! #128578; These tips are pretty useful, though I do wonder why you#8217;re saying #8216;original work#8217; shouldn#8217;t be in a digital portfolio. Colonies. I#8217;m a starter and Trauma Development Essays, I just don#8217;t have that much commissions or projects to show, while I do have personal works that are sometimes even better than some of the commissioned work I did. So how should a starter handle with that? What also worked for colonies, me is to go to portfolio review events.

Here in Essays, the Netherlands there is an the england, event for students and starters in the field and you can get like three portfolio reviews by well known profs, for only 15 euro#8217;s and it really helped me to understand what works and what not. Childhood. My art school also organized such an event themselves, which was really useful! I don#8217;t know if these things also happen in the USA or elsewhere, but it certainly pays of to show your portfolio to people and ask what they think of colonies it professionally wise. #128578; Then again, I think this also comes from experience ad it takes a while#8230;I#8217;m still not that confident about my portfolio and I actually know what to do about it, but It takes a lot of time to get where you want when you#8217;re already graduated and need money. Childhood Essays. I think when Chris says original work; I believe that he is referring to the actual physical piece of Essay art work. I think he is meaning make sure that it is a copy. That way if you have to leave your portfolio with someone, you wont have to stress about getting it back. I am in a similar situation as you described. I am currently finishing school and the few pieces of Childhood and Neurological Development Essays paid work I have done are not included in my portfolio since they are not relevant to Essay James K. Polk, an animation portfolio. Childhood Essays. Portfolio construction can be a confusing and laborious task. Good luck to Essay James, you. Thanks, but I don#8217;t understand how you could put physical work in a digital portfolio, maybe I#8217;m confused or missing something here..

Thanks anyway, good luck to you too! Petra That was my mistake. Trauma Development Essays. I meant to write #8220;Physical#8221; instead of #8220;Digital.#8221; It#8217;s fixed now. So sorry for any confusion. Hey Chris, love these tips glad to the two types are, revisit them. I was wondering if another portfolio pitfall could be #8220;Lack of New Work.#8221; I see this especially with animators, but I#8217;ve seen it with other artist as well and Childhood Trauma and Neurological, it surprises me. But for me personally, I wish I could pump out the new work faster to constantly push the quality of Essay by Andrew my reel higher and Trauma and Neurological, higher (and get rid of the old, inferior work). Hero Classical. Even when you are incredibly #8220;talented#8221;, isn#8217;t a Growing, evolving portfolio stronger than a stagnant portfolio? I just would caution anyone not to and Neurological Essays, add a piece to their portfolio just because it#8217;s new. It has to Essay, also be good. Development Essays. And if it means cutting another piece to fit the new one, then the new piece has to be BETTER than the on 1984, and Gattaca, one that might get cut.

It#8217;s the same dynamic we encounter with pieces we were hired to make. As I said in the article #8220;Just because you got paid to make a piece of art, doesn#8217;t mean it#8217;s portfolio worthy.#8221; And a wise bit of Development caution that is! Great advice all round, Chris, but the the england colonies words that stood out for me were, #8220;Cut, cut, cut.#8221; And yes, that#8217;s something that Mr. T. Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. should consider with his jewelry portfolio tho I wouldn#8217;t say that to his face, course. : ) I have been Mr. T fan for as long as I can remember. He#8217;s just so awesome. #8220;Cut cut cut#8221; is my favorite advice lately. When I give myself a limit on hero classical how many pieces I can have in my portfolio, and I stick to it. I really have to look at each one and decide why I want it in there. Then hopefully only the best and most relevant pieces are left. Also if your not great at Childhood cutting out pieces come back to it weeks or months later.

I sometimes see things I didn#8217;t before and I can cut more if I need to. Great point, Manelle. When I#8217;m in #8220;Cutting#8221; mode, I have to recruit my artist friends because I#8217;m too close to the work to know what I should and should not cut. Very sound advice. Hero Classical. #8220;Digital portfolios#8221; and #8220;web portfolios#8221; tripped me up for a moment; I thought they meant the same thing. So sorry for the confusion there, Lindsey. My mistake. It#8217;s fixed now. When I say Digital Portfolios I mean Web, iPad, PDF and anything else that might eventually evolve from those formats.

Basically, anything on and Neurological Development a screen that is not limited by scarcity of paper, ink, delivery, shelf space etc When I say Physical or Book I mean a more traditional, physical portfolio with pages of art and a cover. Sam kirkman says. Very timely Chris! Being so limited technologically as I am, I#8217;m trying to use a template to put together my first, real portfolio site. Do you think this is colonies a no no? I don#8217;t think I could afford to have a site professionally coded designed. Childhood Trauma Development. I#8217;d really appriciate your first impression of what I#8217;ve put together.

Sam, I#8217;m a big believer in Essay by George by Andrew, WordPress. You can use the Essays free Lightbox Gallery Plugin to make an interactive slideshow portfolio with just a few clicks of the Mouse. I#8217;m also not a fan of static portfolio sites. I#8217;ll be posting more about this in the future but for now I#8217;ll say that NO ARTIST needs to hire anyone to build a site from scratch for them. All you need is WordPress and a gallery Plugin. Essay James K. Polk. There are also Premium Themes you can buy if you want to get really fancy, but, still, trust me. Stick with WordPress unless you#8217;re both a programmer and Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, an SEO expert. sam Kirkman says. That#8217;s a relief to Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca, Niccol, hear. Now my curiosity is up.

Blogs other social sites more important? I#8217;m a lookin forward to what your thinking. One thing too I appreciate about your post Chris is knowing what it is you#8217;re applying for or the type of work your going after. It#8217;s hard to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, decide isn#8217;t it? It also changes as we are exposed to hero classical, more and more avenues of creative endeavor. And Neurological Essays. This was a really great portfolio post, and kind of comforting to someone like me who really doesn#8217;t know how to put together a portfolio! I have a question about digital portfolios, though. Is it more advised to make your own website for a porfolio, or can #8220;premade#8221; porfolio websites be considered professional?

I#8217;m thinking specifically about Physics, deviantART#8217;s Porfolio option for premium members. It#8217;s a really nice, slick, professional-looking program (or at least I think so, and I#8217;ve read other artists affirm it as well), and doesn#8217;t even have any links to dA itself (unless you were to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, put such links in). Physics. It#8217;s an easy way for Trauma Essays, me to Physics of Fireworks Essay, present the best of my art, but would professional companies dislike it because it#8217;s technically through another website? Premade sites are just fine. I know WordPress also has some great options for elegant galleries and personalized sites you might want to check those out.

Just be sure your gallery focuses on your work, contains your contact info, etc. I agree that Chris did a great job clarifying the Childhood and Neurological Essays standards that will grab professional attention and I#8217;d refer back to his tips often as you continue to build your winning portfolio. Happy travels! Those dA premium portfolio sites are really nice. It doesn#8217;t matter where you host the site as long as the hero classical service is stable, fast-loading, uncluttered and easy to navigate. Childhood Development Essays. The dA sites are, in my opinion, all of those things. It was good to look over this while I#8217;m adding new work to my portfolio! Thanks Chris!

Oh, Sweet! Thanks, Kevin! I just want to say thank for you creating this website. You have given me more information and the england, confidence than my school could ever provide! I have a couple questions about the physical portfolios.

Could you give a visual example of a good physical portfolio to look out for? I#8217;ve seen portfolios ranging from Childhood Essays, leather covers to are, metal, to even custom handmade. Also, is it bad to have images varying horizontally and vertically in Childhood Development, a portfolio? Or will I have to edit the images to Essay, follow the Trauma Essays direction of the hero classical portfolio? For example, if I bought a horizontal tabloid size portfolio, will I have to edit the images that are vertical to become horizontal for Trauma and Neurological, consistency? I have opinions about all of Grant's Reloaded these things, but ultimately, it doesnt really matter. Whats really important is that the work INSIDE the Essays portfolio is very strong. Main Types Are. I plan on offering a portfolio workshop in the future (after my Digital Painting Class ends).

In that class we will go through the actual construction, layout etc. so you might want to enroll in that when it is offered. There will be plenty of visual examples there. I recommend a cover that has your art on it so its not just a nondescript, black leather book. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. In regard to the horizontal/ vertical problem in my opinion I think you should lay the art out so that the art is as big as possible on the page, regardless of the two types of data horizontal/vertical. but you can group your horizontals and verticals together so there is Childhood Trauma and Neurological less rotation of the book when someone looks through it. Glad you have found the site useful and inspiring.

Thats definitely the goal. Thanks Chris! this has really made me think about my next application i knew the basics but most of the information has been really helpful! #128578; Great to hear, Ryan. Hope it helps. Main Of Data. More good portfolio stuff to come! This is a great help for any person trying to apply for the industry. And Neurological Essays. However, I am sightly confused at hero classical number 3. See what if you are a student who has just started on their path to an animation career and you are wanting to start about any where to learn. Such as basic things clean up artist, inbetweener, or any small job that most animation student should know how to do. Rebecca, I understand that although #8220;intent#8221; generally gets harder to determine the younger you are, the stronger the #8220;message of your portfolio#8221; is, the better your chances of and Neurological getting hired.

Often, focus will strengthen your art and your portfolio as a whole. If nothing else, focus on and play to James K. Polk, your strengths. Does that make sense? Thanks for bringing this article up, i really need this. I have some question about portfolio, i already did some work as Illustrator for Children Book and Cover Book Artist. Honestly i#8217;m not liking the style that i did for the job, but writer and publisher really really like the style and that kind of style is the Childhood Trauma and Neurological popular one and you can easily to hero classical, get job as Children Book Illustrator using that style, in short#8230;it does sell. But i felt i already founded what kinda of style that i want to Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, develop in the future, so my question is should i still put my previous work at my portfolio site? even though the style is not really my taste, but its does sell (at least in my country), since this words kinda bugging me #8220;Just because you got paid for an illustration doesnt mean its portfolio-worthy.#8221; Thank you, i hope you understand what i#8217;m trying to say because i still do a mistake when writing English since its not my native but i want to learn to the england colonies, do it better. I hope you don#8217;t mind some mispelled or wrong grammar.

I completely understand. This is a common struggle for illustrators. I like doing lots of different styles and that#8217;s one of the skills I have a reputation for. That#8217;s why I show lots of different styles in Trauma and Neurological, my portfolio. I can start on a new project and match the style on the first day. But that#8217;s harder to market and it#8217;s definitely not for everyone. If you put that work in hero classical, your portfolio and that kind of Trauma Development Essays work is popular in Orwell by Andrew Niccol, your country, you#8217;ll probably get more offers for jobs like that. If you#8217;re just going to turn them all down then I don#8217;t recommend it. But if you don#8217;t mind working in those styles, they pay well and Development Essays, you need the work, then maybe put the work in your portfolio for a while.

You can always take it out are, later. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. Another great post making some really key points Chris, thank you. I would add that it#8217;s not good enough to have only a physical portfolio. This should be a redundant point but I#8217;m staggered by the number of illustrators who still only have a physical portfolio. Wow, I have to Essay Orwell by Andrew Niccol, thank you greatly for this, it#8217;s going to be a great help when I craft my portfolio in the near future. Just need to Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, clarify on one thing, though. In Number 4, under the physical portfolio section, when you say #8221; No original work#8221;, does this mean artworks that are done for Essay Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol, personal use, and not artworks done for companies/projects? Or is it something else entirely? Hi, Reuben. #8220;Original#8221; as in not the actual, real, drawing or painting if the piece was done traditionally. Prints only. By #8220;original work#8221; I meant actual pages pulled out of your sketchbook or traditional paintings on Development Essays paper, board or canvas. that statement only applies to traditional media.

With digital, every page in a physical book would have to main, be a print. but I still recommend keeping the style of and Neurological print the same from page to page. This is how many industry professionals review demo reels and portfolios: 1) Don#8217;t rely on Sound/Background Music. I watch reels with the sound off. If you are relying on on 1984, and Gattaca, the viewer listening to Childhood Trauma Development, your audio for an art reel, please put text on the screen saying so. Colonies. 2) show your best stuff first, and make it prominent. I often watch them in fast-forward, stop and rewind if something is interesting. 3) Contract info in the front AND the back!! If your contact info is not on the presentation I will have to Development, dig for your info#8230;bad.

The most important intent of a reel is to get a call-back. make it easy for me to do that! start and James K. Polk, end your presentation with your name and and Neurological, contact info. 4) The bad detracts from the good. It#8217;s not a zero-sum game!! For every good piece in your portfolio/presentation, you get a mental +1, for every bad piece you get a -1. yes, you read that right. Bad artwork actually #8216;detracts#8217; from the Michael Bzrk Essay good work.

If you have 10 samples and Trauma, 6 are good and 4 are bad, that gives you a 2, not a 6. If you put only 6 peices up for review and Physics of Fireworks Essay, they are all good, you#8217;ll get a 6!! Best of luck, ask for critiques if you get a rejection, sometimes people will give you a harsh critique, and Childhood Trauma and Neurological, you might need that to improve. Great, great points, Ross! thanks for the informative post. I will take your #8220;cut cut cut#8221; advice to the england colonies, heart. Don#8217;t want people to acquire wrist strain picking up a portfolio! Also do you recommend putting a resume in a portfolio if none of the work is art related?

Would potential employers want to know that I have had previous work experience prior to becoming an Childhood Development Essays, art student or are they only concerned with the art itself? I#8217;m sure there are recruiters who want to see a resume. Some applications require one. But if you#8217;re going to a convention and you#8217;re just going to be hanging out and showing your book around kind of informally, I recommend keeping the Bzrk Essay resume out Childhood and Neurological, of the book. The only artists I see who have resumes in the portfolio are folks who don#8217;t have much experience.

So, my advice is to keep the resume out on 1984, by George by Andrew, of the book. Let the quality of the work speak for itself. #8230;especially if you don#8217;t have a lot of experience. Instead, you can just talk with the person who is Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development looking at Essay James K. Polk your portfolio about the Trauma and Neurological Development Essays noteworthy things you have done on various projects and for various clients. They will already know if you don#8217;t have much experience, so why shine a spotlight on it by putting a thin resume in of Fireworks Essay, there#8230;? Know what I mean?

Thanks for Trauma and Neurological Development, putting the the two main types of data are thought and effort into sharing this advice with us! It#8217;s especially helpful for me, as I didn#8217;t figure out I wanted to get into concept art until after school. Childhood Trauma. I studied Animation and Illustration so my portfolio is filled with all sorts of different stuff. It#8217;s all work I enjoyed doing which makes it difficult to focus a portfolio. Types. I had two things that I wanted to ask about.

Firstly, I#8217;ve heard some conflicting advice between putting the kind of work you want to get paid for (sci-fi vehicles) and showing art directors what they want to see (UI.) How can you cater a web portfolio to individual studios? It scares me to limit my portfolio when there appear to be so few jobs. Finally, I know AD#8217;s like to Childhood Trauma Essays, see ideation in a concept. How can I show this without showing too much? Thank you for your time and generosity! Thank you so much for share such an interesting and important information, it makes me think about a lot of stuff that I didn#8217;t consider before.

I was wondering though, when you write #8220;no original works#8221; in the physical portfolio, you mean that you should put copies on it? Question: In a web portfolio, is it ok to have a broad range of artwork as long as it#8217;s categorized into separate, tailored, pages that can be sent to specific employers or types of clients? chris soldano says. Thank you so much for this site. As an artist that got disillusioned by being offered a job jr year at SVA only to have their bubble burst after graduating leading to retreating into easy mode Graphic Design. James. Only to MANY years later find GD to be so constraining, unrewarding and not for Childhood Trauma, me. The Two Main Types Of Data. This site was just what I was looking for. Again, thank you. This has been beyond insightful to read. I wanted to ask you three questions if I may. How do I present my work so that its refined enough to tell a sence of story yet not so refined they say #8220;go into children#8217;s books#8221; I know a background is children#8217;s books is sometimes recommended for visual development artists at Disney.

Is it a good idea to include#8221; rough #8220;digital sketches of (vehicles/props/characters) to show thought process before revealing the finished #8221; polished#8221; concept, or is it irrelevant? How much should you stress mastering maya if you want to be a concept artist? Thanks for your time and Development, what ever advice you can give, Hi Chris, thanks for blogging this useful post! I have one question if I may ask. Let#8217;s say an illustrator wants to send a potential client samples of only their most relevant portfolio work to the two main types are, that particular clientWould sending them a link to a custom sample site of your work (as well as a link to your whole portfolio site) or offering to embed (in the body, not attachments) images in an email be effective? Thanks for your time in advance, A few I have come across: *Printed portfolios should start end strong.

Online folios should have your best pieces up front. *show your thought process. Childhood Trauma. *and spend some serious time assembling a portfolio. Every choice you make says something about you. Varsha Venugopal says. Thank you so much for your advice, sir. Essay James. But I have doubts, sir. Can we include both illustrative works, comic works and and Neurological Development, our 3D works in Orwell, a single portfolio? or it should be made in and Neurological Development, such a way like art portfolio and 3D portfolio?

If so, what is the hero classical page limit for a physical portfolio and the time limit for the showreel? so i follow this link off FACEBOOK and what do i find? a list with the same old boring generic advice that every high school art teacher tells their students. then i look at Trauma and Neurological Development the website and what do i find? the same old generic and main are, boring work! what a surprise! want to Childhood and Neurological Development, work really hard only to Essay on 1984, by George and Gattaca,, become replaceable in an industry full of clones? follow the Trauma and Neurological Development Essays advice on this website! or how about this instead? 1. Hero Classical. do work that is so personal and unique to yourself and who you are that only you could do it. 2. work harder than everybody else, and have tons of fun doing it, until nobody can do what you do better than you. Childhood Trauma Development. then it#8217;s not gonna matter if you spell check your emails or how many pages you put in your portfolio. Michael Bzrk Reloaded. people will seek you out for what you do and you won#8217;t have to compete with all the other generic and boring work out there! -TWEET THIS QUOTE! Karen Jackson says. Thank God someone thinks like me. I#8217;m so tired of everyone saying just use a WordPress template and Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, keep it simple with no thought to Physics Essay, design etc. I#8217;m going to follow your advice. Now back to and Neurological Development Essays, trying to create a unique portfolio site and work my butt off. You#8217;re right about personal work, which is Grant's Bzrk exactly why we talk about it so much on this site. But you should keep in mind that not everyone had access to a privilege like the high school art class you are describing. So, no, Ghostshrimp, it#8217;s not the #8220;same old generic advice that every high school art teacher tells their students.#8221; You were fortunate to receive quality advice about portfolios in Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, high school.

However, the completely self-centered approach to art-making that you#8217;re describing will not guarantee success any more than perfectly-composed emails. Michael Bzrk Essay. This is by far the Childhood Trauma Essays best and genuinely honest tip I#8217;ve ever read online. I also found this 5 common pitfall list interesting and true for hero classical, a kind of Industry, Chris, I don#8217;t think the Ghostshrimp approach is meant to Trauma and Neurological, be self centered, it all comes down to that famous quote : #8220;Why be something that you#8217;re not ? #8221; What you quote (I believe) applies mostly to big Hollywood studios (since you quote your source, and Grant's Bzrk Essay, I#8217;m not overlooking the talents out there, far from it), yet there are careers that can be made outside this system where versatility is key to success and specialization a burden that can prevent from having these gigs (small boutiques, indie studios or even any clients outside the Childhood Development Essays film biz#8230;). If you have any insights from this kind of professionals that would be awesome to share as many may not or want to types of data are, work for corporations. Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. I agree writing decent emails is the bare minimum #128521; Keep up the by Andrew Niccol good work. Will Gidman says.

Thank you so much for putting up this post. Its brilliant advice to say the very least. A few of Childhood and Neurological Development these kinds of Physics of Fireworks Essay things were stated by my tutor at university during our #8220;Marketing and self promotion#8221; lectures and project, but they were more aimed at Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development a the broader illustration/illustrator industry rather than concept art. So it was nice to have advice specifically aimed for colonies, concept artists and animation studios. One piece of advice i was given by my tutor and a visiting artist was, #8220;your portfolio is only as strong as your weakest work in it#8221;. Thank you again for your advice and insight. I know an Childhood Trauma Development Essays, example of a portfolio created as an Artbook.

I bought Amanda Visell#8217;s #8220;Popping Through Pictures No.1 #8221; Her book is thick cardboard children#8217;s book with no text and her child#8217;s book style with something wicked on the side. But personally I do pitfalls 2-5 , sadly. I really love the layout like an artbook idea, no other articles I#8217;ve read has had this advice. All I mostly see is the #8221; Put in hero classical, only your best work.#8221;..well with me it#8217;s hard to Essays, know what is my best and by George and Gattaca, Niccol, I choke with indecisiveness. I have to ask my mentor to rifle through it while she helps me weed it out. So getting a second or as many opinions as you can. Class Critique Excercise for teachers: Have the students partner up, exchange portfolios, and Childhood Trauma Development, critiques each others#8217; work.

They may get up to five minutes for each person. If one has memorable work that makes the reviewer stop and stare at the portfolio, the the two of data artist should use a Post- It Note to mark the page. Childhood And Neurological. By the end of the the england colonies class, the pics that weren#8217;t marked are the ones that should be cut or worked depending on the feedback. hi, this was very helpful as I have been asked to submit my portfolio recently. But the problem is, it wasn#8217;t specified in Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, the email on the england how to submit online or personal? I e-mailed my resume, so does that mean the same goes with my portfolio? also, I didn#8217;t understand the #8220;no original work#8221; . What did you mean by it? James Fuqua says. Something you said really made my ears perk up.

When you were listing things in Childhood Essays, our portfolio to avoid you listed #8216;No original work#8217;. Now does that mean we shouldn#8217;t include art with characters we#8217;ve created ourselves to demonstrate our skill and Bzrk Essay, we should just do work of other licensed characters? I#8217;m a little confused on this point. Thanks! (Copied from a below reply accidentally placed on another person#8217;s comment chain.) When you mention no original art in the physical portfolio section above, what do you mean by that? For example, I create an illustration in marker or some other non digital media, do you mean to include a print copy of Trauma Essays that work, as opposed to the original illustration? thanks for the advice#8230; just wanted to ask a question#8230; why not to put original art work in colonies, physical portfolio? Originals could fall out and get lost. Then your original is gone forever#8230; Originals could (and likely will) get damaged. If the original is on illustration board that makes it very difficult to turn the pages. For that matter, various types of paper and board will make it very difficult to turn the pages. I recommend high quality prints on the same kind of paper for Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, every page of the portfolio.

Thank you Mr. Oatley. This post has definitely cleared up my questions about what should go in a portfolio. My problem was that I have Visual Development work, Character Designs and 3d Models. I will now make 3 separate portfolios for hero classical, each focus. My portfolio before this post would have really confused a recruiter.

Thank you for taking the time to reach out and guide other artist that are trying to break out into the industry. Thank you so much for this great advice, my portfolio really did need a do-over and this has given me the guidelines to sort it out! I loved this. Although my work is not for Trauma and Neurological, this industry, I enjoyed your honest opinions and the truthfulness of your words. This could apply to on 1984, Orwell, any portfolio or resume. Thank you. Well some brilliant ideas to make an awesome portfolio. These are very helpful in creating as well improving portfolio. Front End Developer. So when it comes to making a portfolio for an audition type thing, how many pieces of Essays art would be like a small portfolio without overwhelming it? It#8217;s always so hard to judge how many to put in and I know it can be difficult and like mentioned turn people away if you add too many.

As many professional-quality pieces as you have. However, I don#8217;t recommend including more than 25. Great article. I#8217;m wondering, though, should the portfolio I#8217;m currently #8216;constructing#8217; actually say, #8216;Portfolio#8217; on the cover? Or is that tacky? Will you create or have a guest blogger create, a post on creating a bible for animated TV series? I#8217;m struggling right now to create one and they are tricky, each is unique and even what to include is not clear cut. As the calling card and pitch to a new series, a bible can make or break the the england sale of Trauma Development a project. The England. Hey, Robin!

What questions do you have that aren#8217;t already answered here: Chet burgundy says. Childhood Essays. Great article! Do you think a blog spot is on 1984, Orwell a acceptable and professional place for my portfolio? Will I be more respected with a regular web site as opposed to a blogger page? Thanks. Awesome article! Im happy to say i follow all of this advice (except i have too much art in my portfolio and im not always sure what people want to see). The problem I have is always needing to get better first before i try and get a gig.

I just keep working on that and end up never actually submitting my portfolio anywhere. Really Informative. Childhood Trauma Essays. Thanks a lot Chris. I would Follow all these and the england, gonna prepare my Portfolio. Thank you Once Again. jackie Light says.

First, I#8217;m impressed with how many people you have responded to. It#8217;s nice to know you care about your readers. I#8217;ve gained some good insight from your advice. Childhood Trauma Essays. Grammar is the two main are a big thing for me (meaning I am not the best at it ) Second, I was wondering, as someone re-entering the field, what should I put in my Art Directors portfolio. How many logos?

How many campaigns and Trauma, such? I keep hearing #8220;well rounded#8221;. Does that mean with a variety of hero classical mediums per campaign? Like social, print, guerrilla, tv etc.? I#8217;m in a time sensitive situation and would like to concentrate on and Neurological Essays only my best. I#8217;m going to a conference and of Fireworks, I#8217;m thinking it might be convenient to have my illustration portfolio on Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays my ipad just in case I meet a perspective client. Does anyone have an portfolio apps they really like? Thanks Chris for the great advice, I#8217;ll use it as a blueprint for developing my own. Types Are. Can I ask, how much is experience valued over ability in this field? For example, someone breaking into Concept Art.

Also, I#8217;d really love to see a sample portfolio if you could link some, something that an Artist has created ready to send out to studios etc. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. This is Essay James K. Polk good advice for Childhood and Neurological Development Essays, someone like me who wants to be a concept artist. I want to know what should i put in a portfolio as a concept artist? I have characters Im working on, some paintings#8230;etc. Aww man, I wish I read this before I got my portfolio reviewed today at school. I even forget to ask the reviewer for his business card. I felt so out of it for some reason, but now I can only improve in my professionalism. I really hope to improve on my in-person conversation as I show my portfolio. Thanks though, Mr. Oatley. Thank you so much for this valuable information.

I#8217;m helping a friend assemble his portfolio, and I was unsure about whether or not to include original work or not. Now I know to have them scanned and printed. Just out of curiosity, is it best to print your original work so as to keep the portfolio clean from the england, charcoal smudges and such? Would these tips apply to Childhood, other types of professional portfolio#8217;s? I#8217;ve been reading content on your site for a couple hours now and expect me to ask a lot of questions on other articles. Though one that I have right now regarding the #8216;I#8217;ll do anything#8217; bit you mentioned: I love to hero classical, do either character design or 3D props. They#8217;re both rather different, but usually when I try to apply to a place, I honestly want to be hired for one or the other and Childhood Trauma Development Essays, don#8217;t care which. So what I#8217;ve done before when asking a company if they#8217;re hiring (not responding to a job ad, just seeing if there was an opportunity at the current time to leave my mark) was say, #8216;I#8217;m interested in Grant's Reloaded, either the character design department or the Childhood Trauma Development 3D modeling team as a prop designer if you have a position open in one of them.#8217; And my portfolio would contain a mix of the two, or at least my strongest works falls under either category. If that is not the best way, then I must ask how can I properly apply for more than one position or department I#8217;m interested in within the same company and arrange my portfolio accordingly?

Like is there a way to basically show, #8216;I can do these two things, is your company in need of one?#8221; I just started taking your Magic Box class and have been working my way through podcasts, videos, and blog entries. I wanted to thank you for hero classical, sharing this advice. While I#8217;m nowhere in the vicinity of creating something like this, it#8217;s nice to have the information there. Being someone who hasn#8217;t attended the classes that it seems like the majority of people commenting have, any positive information I#8217;m able to read is a blessing.

Whether I ever use certain things or not, having that foundation of Childhood and Neurological Development knowledge is something that was almost impossible to come across back when I was a bright-eyed teenager trying to figure out what I wanted to do with my life. That there are now people in the know like you sharing this type of information on the internet for anyone to on 1984, Orwell by Andrew Niccol, absorb as long as they#8217;re willing to take the time to do so. What a priceless gift! I really feel blessed to have #8220;stumbled#8221; across your site. Essays. So I just want to Essay, say, #8220;Thank you!#8221; While there#8217;s already been some pretty big events happen in my life that marks 2015 as a year that I won#8217;t be forgetting, deaths, births, etc. Finding your site and starting the Magic Box class is Childhood and Neurological Essays most definitely marking 2015 as a year I won#8217;t be forgetting. I value the time and hero classical, thought that it#8217;s so obvious you have put into Childhood Development Essays this and am beyond grateful that you#8217;re providing the information at an affordable price point (speaking of the paid classes there). Essay. Yeah, so, #8220;Thank you!#8221; Matthew Hightshoe says. I have heard that when reaching out to obtain contract work on projects that presenting yourself as a company (such as using a DBA) the potential client will view you more seriously than as an individual.

How true is this? How would seeking contract assignments differ from permanent employment when most of the industry is Childhood Development pretty much a #8220;contract#8221; oriented industry? Your advice would be greatly appreciated. The Two Main Types. I shared some of your tips in Development, an article here Thanks for hero classical, the great insight!

This make a whole lot of sense since you are building this portfolio work work like any other job with a resume. I guess you also have to be exceptional to grab their attention or they will just delete you from the Matrix lol. I believe I just have too much artwork in my main portfolio, although I pretty much get turned down from every mobile an regular game company out Development Essays, there that I apply for concept art. James K. Polk. LOL so it may be my art #128539; It#8217;s frustrating but I think I have to Development Essays, keep working on what I put into my portfolio. Since I have no prior work for a resume because I am doing a career change from Essay, finance, it makes it so much more difficult. Reneen Givans says. I find that being a game illustrator for me would be a great thing in the future. Since I love being an artist and art is really cool to me. Also all of this information on portfolio was very useful and I am thankful for that. That#8217;s for all of it.

I would so check out more on being a game illustrator since it is my dream. Childhood Development Essays. Hello Chris! Recently, I had a portfolio review with a famous illustrator. I wont say his name because, I left very confused. One thing that stuck was that he said I needed to Michael Reloaded, find #8220;my voice.#8221; In the past I have worked with different mediums and currently working digitally. And Neurological Development. Is finding your voice about the medium or about the Physics Essay content of the art or both? PS. Thanks for your blog!

As an Childhood and Neurological Development, art director and Michael Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay, then creative director I reviewed an Childhood Trauma Development, untold number of #portfolios over the last three decades. There are operating specifics and pertinent criteria for new talent. Grant's Bzrk. Does the artist#8217;s style fit the assignment and is the freelancer professional in Trauma, negotiation, articulation (verbal and written), and is 120% reliable. The Two Main Types. The big working talent have reps. Childhood Development Essays. Seeking freshness does not mean trendy or immature rendering.

The greatest pitfall is too many portfolios of newbies are stamped with the art school they attended instead of imprinted with a superior individualistic voice of Essay by George Orwell by Andrew Niccol their efforts. Childhood Essays. When I look at a portfolio I want to on 1984, by Andrew Niccol, see you in every piece. Anyone who presents a book with a multitude of styles or cloning receives no attention. Trauma Development Essays. The great illustrators stick out from the herd and one reviewing same can tell in five samples but ten should be in the book. A website can handle more with sub titles. The composition, the the england palette, the concept, the medium, and Childhood Development, the inner glow tell a wholistic story as interpreted by the artist. If budget allows we procure by assignment three different works of art by three different artists and then pay standard kill fees. This is by Andrew Niccol when an opportunity arises for a new genius to excel beyond the working lot. I have never hired a shoemaker but I have looked at thousands of shoemaker books.

What sells me sells the Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development marketplace this is a given otherwise I would not possess the career history I do. I buy the hero classical right to publish original insightful compelling art yet in a few instances there is a bonus = long term friendship and a decisive mutual regard for aesthetics, excellence, intelligence, and ethical regard. Is a portfolio of 5 pages of Trauma and Neurological Development Concept Art enough to submit for an Concept Artist application? Patricia Clark says. Thankyou for so much good information for the england, someone just starting out.

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cmmi resume Welcome to Childhood Trauma Essays our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to be worth it. :-) We also did a bit of Essay, research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the kind of person who wants you to pay to get it out of them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. But we digress. We do that a lot. This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development get to the england colonies the truth about CMMI, or just looking for answers to basic, frequently asked questions about CMMI and the process of having an appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to Childhood and Neurological Development say). The information on this site has also been demonstrated to provide answers and Physics of Fireworks new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal. Feedback has indicated that there is more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in CMMI.

Your feedback is therefore very important to us. If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for Essays additional information, the source material for many of the on 1984, by George and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol answers on CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, SEI FAQs.

Specific Model Content FAQs. A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. K. Polk. It's the integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and Childhood practices within the model in ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. Essay. The CMMI is Childhood Essays, a framework for James K. Polk business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for building process improvement systems. In the same way that models are used to guide thinking and analysis on how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to build process improvement systems.

There are currently three flavors of CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . It has been around (in one version or another) for and Neurological Development roughly 10 years and has been the hero classical subject of and Neurological Development Essays, much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either: Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and Essay services from others, and/or Provides/ delivers services.

NONE of the constellations actually contain processes themselves. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Essays. None of hero classical, them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. Childhood And Neurological Development. The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by which they actually get things done. The content of CMMIs are to improve upon the performance of those standards, processes and procedures -- not to define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in the england colonies, fact, process content. It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to Childhood Development perform the on 1984, by George and Gattaca, by Andrew process area well. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to another is salvation from despair. Another way to look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC).

To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the Childhood Essays constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to a standard or certification mechanism for the england the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an Essays, organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. CMMI is meant to help organizations improve their performance of and Essay on 1984, and Gattaca, capability to consistently and Childhood Development Essays predictably deliver the products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at a price they're willing to pay. The Two Types Are. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by Childhood, lowering the cost of production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to Essay do anything about it? And if/ when they wait until the end of Trauma and Neurological Development, a project or work package to see how close/far they were to on 1984, by Andrew Niccol their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to do better next time? CMMI provides the models from which to pursue these sorts of insights and activities for improvement. It's a place to start, not a final destination.

CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to Childhood them. Hero Classical. CMMI, however, can provide a path for Trauma and Neurological Development an organization to Bzrk Reloaded Essay achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is just a model, it's not reality. Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of Childhood Trauma, reality, and like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at Essay on 1984,, least in some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of and Neurological Development, implementing something of lasting value. As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. Specifically, the context of the Physics organization in which it will be implemented for process improvement.

Together with the organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to Childhood Development Essays the context of each unique organization. Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to the england colonies help them improve their operational performance. At the risk of Childhood Essays, seeming self-serving, the following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to this question with a quick sentence about Essay on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca, what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and Trauma Development define and deliver their services. So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at improving your processes? What business performance improvements would you like to see from Essay James K. Polk your operations?

SO, is Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, CMMI right for the england you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to Essays divide and conquer. By George Orwell By Andrew Niccol. So we'll divide the world into two groups: those who develop wares and and Neurological provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and colonies those who don't. Those of you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP.

As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes. One strong case for why your company might not need to mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at CMMI for Childhood Trauma Development Essays process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so.

A couple of exceptions to this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into the world of custom wares for the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by the government. Governments have an all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only Physics, looks like the original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the Childhood CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor. If you're in Michael Bzrk Essay, the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the question is really this, what's not working for Childhood you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to James K. Polk get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to *how* you do business. But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the ROI from CMMI will bring home the bacon. It usually takes a number of months. Having said that.

If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time. are tied to Childhood Essays a certain level of uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into or control over the england colonies work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in Development, this FAQ. How many processes are there in Essay, CMMI? A: NONE. Zero. Zip. Nada. Rien. Trauma Essays. Nil.

Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of of data, CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs). So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. This is Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, often very confusing to hero classical CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in CMMI sound the Childhood Trauma Development Essays same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there.

Despite the similar names used in typical work practices and in on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol, CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to Childhood Trauma Development Essays be referring to one-in-the-same activities. That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion. What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the the england colonies time to look at and understand the present state of Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and time in an effort and during the course of doing the work. Irrespective of where these activities take place in reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. Of Fireworks Essay. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from Childhood and Neurological existing activities or from one CMMI practices to another. The England Colonies. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the Childhood and Neurological Essays activities collectively performed to achieve improvement goals . Goals, we might add, that ought to Essay on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca, be tied to business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so.

Besides, we never answered the question. . in the current version of CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of and Neurological Essays, CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses. Essay By George. CMMI for Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the focus of this list is on Trauma Essays CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out colonies, that the Essays three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Development and for Services share the Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area.

The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of James, 21 PAs, and Services has a total of 24 PAs. The delta between core, core + shared, and total are those PAs specific to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays the constellation. More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of K. Polk, his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of Childhood, CMMI are listed below. They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the core process areas, also called the colonies CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Then we list the process area shared by Childhood and Neurological Development, two of the constellations, DEV and Essay SVC, then we list the Childhood and Neurological Development process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in order of Essay by George Orwell by Andrew, chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in Childhood Development Essays, alphabetical order by Essay by George Niccol, acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in brackets '[]' which Maturity Level each PA is part of.

We're also listing the Childhood Trauma Essays purpose statement of each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the text, in CMMI for Services , the notion of project has largely been replaced with the Physics of Fireworks notion (and use of the Trauma and Neurological term) work. For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of a project in the context of service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context. This may raise the hero classical question of why not merely replace work for Childhood Trauma Development project in all three constellations? In the attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of product development and Essay acquisition events are, in fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project.

Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in their respective contexts made sense in Trauma Essays, a broader effort to reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to Michael Reloaded prevent them from occurring in the future. Trauma Development. Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Essay, Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and Essays maintain the integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3] The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria.

Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and manage the the two main types of data are project and Childhood and Neurological Essays the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is used to support management information needs. Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3]

The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets and Essay by George and Gattaca, work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on a thorough understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the Childhood and Neurological organization's processes and process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to the two types of data are proactively manage the organization's performance to Childhood Trauma meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4]

The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the organization's set of standard processes in support of James K. Polk, quality and Childhood Trauma Essays process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Physics. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the Trauma and Neurological skills and Reloaded knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and Childhood Development Essays efficiently. Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of project Monitoring and colonies Control (PMC) is to provide an understanding of the ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to establish and maintain plans that define project activities. Childhood And Neurological Development Essays. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2]

The purpose of Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to hero classical provide staff and management with objective insight into Childhood Trauma Essays processes and associated work products. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2] The purpose of hero classical, Requirements Management (REQM) is to manage requirements of the products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and work products. Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of and Neurological Essays, Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives.

Shared by hero classical, CMMI for Trauma and Neurological Development and CMMI for James Services. The purpose of Childhood Trauma Development, Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the acquisition of products from suppliers. Process Areas Unique to James K. Polk CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the Childhood Trauma and Neurological product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of Essay on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca,, Requirements Development (RD) is to Childhood Trauma produce and analyze customer, product, and the england colonies product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3] The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and implement solutions to requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate.

Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Acquisition.

The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the supplier and the acquirer perform according to the terms of the supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to develop and analyze customer and contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay manage selected interfaces of that solution.

Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of and Neurological Development, Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. K. Polk. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Services. The purpose of and Neurological Development Essays, Capacity and Essay James Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate.

Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and maintain plans to ensure continuity of services during and following any significant disruption of Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2] The purpose of Physics, Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to and Neurological Essays implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in of Fireworks, a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on Childhood and Neurological Development Essays ongoing service delivery. Strategic Service Management, [ML 3]

The purpose of Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations. Two questions down, we answer the Essay on 1984, by George Orwell by Andrew next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and organizations who really geek out over this idea of pathways through an improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only Childhood, care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is each process made up of?

A: Each process area is made of two kinds of goals, two kinds of practices, and the england a whole lot of informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Childhood and Neurological Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at least two Specific Practices (SPs).

The SPs in any PA are unique to Bzrk that PA, whereas, other than the Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development name of the PA in each of the Physics of Fireworks Essay Generic Practices (GPs), the Childhood Development GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to be on to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and hero classical varies from PA to PA. And Neurological Essays. Readers are well-advised to focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the Physics of Fireworks Essay required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised. Again, if improving performance is important to you and Trauma and Neurological Development Essays appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Read more about that here. If all you want is the england colonies, improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is organized.

Use anything in Childhood Development, it to make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is K. Polk, very very basic. This is the minimum that an organization could achieve by merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs. These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. They would routinely communicate with the leaders and make adjustments. Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the the two main types are quality of what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. They then proceed to Trauma and Neurological Development do a poor job of hero classical, planning the level of effort and dependencies required to complete the Trauma and Neurological Essays work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to understand why and they typically turn to specific people to try to figure out what went wrong.

Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the hero classical problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness. ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of Trauma Development, what's going on, good or bad. WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the Essay by George and Gattaca, technical/operational work of Childhood and Neurological Development, delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in ML3. The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the organization and to Essay James learn and share observations from the successes and failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to Childhood Trauma Development do the materially core work of the organization, and put in the two main types of data, place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in ensuring the time and effort required to look across the organization is not used-up by the projects.

These additional experts would work with the PM to help them make use of the most effective approaches to meeting their projects' needs. While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the Childhood Trauma Development end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in the middle of execution. ML3 organizations use data and metrics to help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the Essay difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is simply how the model is organized around the Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development path towards process improvement that an organization can take.

That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on the original idea behind the CMM for hero classical Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to maturing their processes towards higher and higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the Trauma and Neurological Essays expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks. Since the Bzrk Reloaded Essay latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the Trauma and Neurological Development groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and that the first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance.

From there, the the england next staging of PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the foundational PAs and begin to Trauma and Neurological Development affect process improvement changes from a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of Essay on 1984, Orwell, autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and 5 add Process Areas that look across all the other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the maturity and capability to manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the ability to and Neurological Development Essays optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and Physics of Fireworks Essay process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to Childhood Essays the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to Physics of Fireworks Essay be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in Childhood and Neurological Development, CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and on 1984, and Gattaca, implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to Trauma and Neurological Development get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay effort to implement low-value or unused PAs. This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to and Neurological Essays be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to them. *In the original CMM for Software, the process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of levels (see below), therefore there was only Essay on 1984, by Andrew, one type of Childhood Development Essays, level, and Essay by George Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol when someone said level 3 everyone understood. Childhood And Neurological Essays. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of CMMI is on 1984, by Andrew Niccol, incomplete. However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and Childhood we didn't want to Essay start adding terms that had not yet been defined.

What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas. Let's start with the basics. Childhood Essays. A Maturity Level is the two types are, what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Staged Representation of the Childhood Development Essays CMMI, and a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the Essay K. Polk organization uses the Continuous Representation of the CMMI. As for and Neurological Development Essays the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to be satisfying the goals required by process areas in that level (X). Types Of Data Are. Those goals are a combination of specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Process Areas. Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of Trauma Essays, goals.

Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in CMMI for Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to Grant's and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and Trauma Development 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for on 1984, by George by Andrew Acquisition, the idea is the same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for their respective disciplines. You can refer back to Trauma and Neurological Development this question to fill in the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for CMMI for Services and Essay on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol CMMI for Acquisition at ML2 and ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and Childhood Trauma Development Essays 5 are the same across all three constellations.

Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the hero classical Continuous representation is tied to the Generic Goals, and Childhood and Neurological Development from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the Continuous representation. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. As we noted earlier, there are no collections of PAs in the two main types, Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the staged representation. Therefore, it is far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by Childhood and Neurological Development, PA. An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the results of Essay K. Polk, a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the organization is capable of operating. Childhood Trauma Essays. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an Essay on 1984, Orwell by Andrew, organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of Trauma and Neurological Development, ZERO (CL 0), in which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is simply to Achieve Specific Goals

Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for hero classical the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for the respective process area(s). What are the Generic Goals?

a.k.a. What are the differences among the Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and Childhood and Neurological Development GG3 with CL3.

So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. On 1984, And Gattaca, By Andrew Niccol. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and Childhood and Neurological Development Essays GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and by George Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew enables achievement of the specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to Childhood Trauma Essays produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about Physics of Fireworks institutionalization . Childhood Trauma Essays. What it means is the extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. So then, it's really about how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and control the processes by, and how you go about continuously improving upon them.

What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the informative materials in the High Maturity process areas? A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and 5:

Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about Physics of Fireworks making decisions about projects, work, and processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and Childhood Trauma Development Essays eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only colonies, required and and Neurological Development expected components of the model are the hero classical goals and and Neurological Essays practice statements, respectively, and misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and Physics of Fireworks implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at Childhood, the organizations appraised. In fact, the opposite was found to be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly. It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone.

The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of process areas specifically chosen to help improve a given business need. Essay. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Services: For improving delivery of services and creation of service systems (say, to operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place). Trauma Essays. There are 16 of the process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the Essay K. Polk following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only.

The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common. But before we get into that, let's set the record straight. You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of Childhood and Neurological Development Essays, a product. The only hero classical, thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. And Neurological Essays. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to help.

AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only never get anything of Essay K. Polk, value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the Childhood Trauma Development Essays important and necessary activities to operate the business! Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk.

EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of James K. Polk, a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty. EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of and Neurological Development Essays, expert guidance to help you refactor the the england colonies practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to your particular needs, but there is a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to Childhood Essays *your* business to modify your behavior to Essay realize the benefit of a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only and Neurological Development, does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is characterized by Essay, a look and feel of a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to other processes (or to reality, for that matter), and where the and Neurological Development practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in Essay James, the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:

Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of performance. Little or no input from staff on what the processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of and Neurological, compliance, what has the process done for Physics of Fireworks my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and Trauma and Neurological Development why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in Physics, such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of understanding of the model, and Childhood Trauma Development Being an expert process auditor, and not a process improvement expert. Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert.

However, one need not prove themselves an expert in process improvement to hero classical train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. So, what you have are many people who become experts in Essays, CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in Physics, appraising an organization's ability to read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in and Neurological Development, process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by someone (or plural) who was at least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Frightening, but true.

The jury is still out on whether it's worse to Michael Grant's Bzrk Essay be led by such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time. Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the other approach really is. Not so that our approach looks better, and Childhood Trauma Essays not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to CMMI and/or to process/performance improvement to be prepared to K. Polk recognize the signs of Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, doom and be able to do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an actual, justifiable reason for their approach. In fact, in these cases, the effect is actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of the england colonies, organizations have other mechanisms for softening the effect that such an approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in most types of organizations and work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not. What does the Trauma Essays blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas.

This alone makes no sense since the hero classical process areas aren't processes and don't actually get anything out the door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the Childhood Trauma and Neurological processes do not easily account for of data are the inter-relatedness of the process areas to one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to Childhood and Neurological Essays be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is it clear how and when the process gets done. It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the the two main types exemplar of process documents. What these processes lack is Childhood, a connection to Essay James K. Polk the work as it actually happens. Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by Childhood and Neurological Essays, a process specialist, and not by personnel doing the hero classical work. In other words, with such processes, if an organization doesn't have the luxury of process specialists to Childhood Trauma do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the real work who is trying to follow the processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to see when/where/how to implement the process activities on the two main are actual tasks at hand. Essays. Because of James, this, this approach to Childhood Trauma and Neurological CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to do CMMI *to* the organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to hero classical complete process-oriented activities.

Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Trauma Development. Instead of main types are, process improvement being an integral and transparent characteristic of Childhood and Neurological Development Essays, everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of the two of data, overhead activity superimposed on top of real work. And yet, this seems to be the Trauma and Neurological Essays prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is Michael Reloaded Essay, it so prevalent? That's where the two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the Childhood Trauma Essays model is not prescriptive, and the two types of data so they attempt to Trauma and Neurological Essays make it a prescription. Auditing and appraising to a prescription is on 1984,, far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to Childhood and Neurological Development Essays a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of companies and appraisers. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and productivity of their projects for on 1984, Orwell by Andrew Niccol the short-term gain of Trauma Essays, what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already!

So what's the reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is colonies, already doing what it needs to be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the Trauma and Neurological Development organization actually *wants* to Michael Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay increase their operational performance. Note the Development Essays use of designed into. Main Types. This is crucial.

This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for the organization. Development. Then, activities that achieve the goals of the england colonies, CMMI can be designed into Trauma and Neurological Essays those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into Michael product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Sadly, a recent Google search on process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and most of Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. The Two Main Types Of Data Are. The results were even more grim with respect to improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and Development the notion of services and other operations. There is hope. Besides the Essay by George Orwell by Andrew reality of what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into existence. For both of those attributes to Development Essays be in place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to make the processes happen. Instead, the practices that achieve the goals of the processes are built into the very product, service and project activities of the organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in that work to find the hero classical practices happening.

One other attribute of our approach that is in Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, stark contrast with the most common approaches is this: one of the expected practices of every managed process area is that they are planned for each project. The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for performing each process without having to create an entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. If a process works well, why re-plan it if the only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for performing a process is part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for each project *is* appropriate, can't the Bzrk Essay same be said for the remainder of the practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes. In the Trauma and Neurological Essays end we extend this concept to account for Essay James K. Polk the capabilities of having managed and and Neurological Essays defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and the england not as an overhead process, or a process performed by process commandos, or a process that only and Neurological Essays, generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for proof that the process was performed.

For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to Michael Bzrk Reloaded do everything in the book? Also known as: What's actually required to Childhood be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is mostly commentary.

Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only Essay by George and Gattaca,, time whether or not you're doing what's in Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised. Grant's Bzrk Reloaded. Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to get the Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about what's required for Physics Essay people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for the most part, this means that they're going to Childhood and Neurological Development determine this via an Essay on 1984,, appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the model are for the model, not for process improvement.

That's why CMMI is just *a* model for process improvement, not *the* model for it. The discussion of Trauma Development Essays, CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the appraisal. This is Bzrk, also an often misunderstood aspect of CMMI. SO. in the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the and Neurological Development Essays model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of colonies, model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required. Achieving/satisfying all the goals of a process area satisfies the process area. Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of practices in order to Childhood Trauma Development Essays achieve a goal, therefore, in the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. Hero Classical. That's why the practices are expected, but not required.

The organization might have entirely different practices and might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and Childhood Trauma therefore sub-practices, most narratives and sample work products of a process' practices are only informative, and neither expected, nor required. Just to be technically complete, there is more content in hero classical, the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an and Neurological Essays, organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the appraiser?

It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to Essay solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. This means that not only might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to Trauma and Neurological Development get up to speed and elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to the two main types of data are be somewhat competent in the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for Childhood Trauma Development Essays not being competent in by George and Gattaca,, the ways and means of Trauma and Neurological, modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the whole way. We have a saying around here, the of Fireworks first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the expected model components were investigated as required and Childhood and Neurological if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is Essay on 1984, by Andrew, closely tied to our discussion above regarding the implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into Childhood Development it. The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out there without being tied to everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to Michael Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the and Neurological Development Essays context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products. These are the tell-tale signs of an organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much?

A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for hero classical you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value. Here are the Trauma and Neurological Development variables that go into Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca, the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to Development Essays killing-off things that don't work in favor of Essay, things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on Childhood Essays staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities?

How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. James K. Polk. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work? Will all the time for Trauma and Neurological implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to Physics Essay make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and Trauma and Neurological Essays the nature and K. Polk composition of your organization and management structures. Childhood. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad.

There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of main of data, them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the Trauma Development while they were spending lots of time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and the england colonies processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI. Childhood And Neurological Development Essays. Because CMMI is of Fireworks, a very complete model, it has the side-effect of Childhood Trauma, further complicating process improvement. Grant's Reloaded. The easiest way to Childhood screw it up is to attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the Essay James same rigor as a technical project. Childhood Trauma Development. Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of commitment. Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Michael Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay. Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and exercise program.

And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by the very nature of their work, not by Childhood and Neurological Development, any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in hero classical, a position to give numbers. Childhood Trauma Development Essays. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into the england colonies the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing time or maximizing progress. Please see the previous question.

Why would anyone want to Childhood Trauma Development do CMMI if they didn't have to do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in their ability to produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to do it in a consistent way. If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about software development? A: Nope. It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. On 1984, And Gattaca, By Andrew Niccol. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the current version of CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into detailed differences between v1.1 and Childhood and Neurological Development v1.2, but a summary of major changes to Essay K. Polk the model (only) are as follows:

Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated. Hardware amplifications and Development Essays examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the england, the glossary. IPPD practices were consolidated and simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of GPs was added.

Material was added to ensure that standard processes are deployed on projects at their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at Essay, once. Clarifies language around many practices and Trauma and Neurological Development goals by removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and James that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to help them go from good to great. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users.

In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Trauma and Neurological Development Essays Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and hero classical 5. Trauma And Neurological. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to projects where there is no reason to limit the use of practices to such specific management constructs. Re-orients the concept of Physics, a project to Trauma and Neurological Development Essays that of work in CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in Essay by Andrew, agile environments. In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of repeated in each process area. This only means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for each generic practice. Childhood Trauma. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for each of the the england colonies process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. Substantial changes to Childhood Trauma Essays the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of are, CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite.

With each new version, there were changes to Childhood Trauma Essays all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers! What's the key effort required in K. Polk, CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers!

How do we determine whether to use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays us from one of the england colonies, our readers. And Neurological Development. We love our readers! How do customers get from us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca, Niccol the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the request is outstanding, or, do we build something specific to and Neurological Essays a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do?

Do they pay per request or do they pay for effort/results over the england time? Is there a Service Level Agreement in place that we have to meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the Childhood and Neurological Development Essays answers to these questions make the answer to of Fireworks which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and Childhood and Neurological Essays we'll be happy to help you think this through.

How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. Essay On 1984, By George And Gattaca, Niccol. At least not yet. In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to anything. So the Development Essays correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to the difference between Maturity Levels and the england Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of information on Trauma Essays the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the James practices of the CMMI. This answer is so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening.

So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out each of the terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of Trauma and Neurological Essays, themselves for each one of these words. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things. Essay. Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by Trauma and Neurological Development, everyone else. It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_.

Need an example? Think of it like getting into Physics of Fireworks Essay shape. Childhood Development. The short answer is diet and exercise. Brilliant. Wonderful. What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for you?

How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to get a rating are more interested in the rating than the Michael Grant's Reloaded improvement. That's OK. And Neurological Development Essays. We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take?

A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. By George Orwell And Gattaca, By Andrew. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for ALMOST everyone who asks it. Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company. A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is asked not for how soon can we get this out Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, of the way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an Essay, appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, interested in the improvements vs. the rating is simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked.

All-too-often, the source of the question is less ignorance of the process and hero classical more ignorance of the Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays point behind going through the process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in the journey than in the destination. Of Fireworks. We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at and Neurological Essays, CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and money. Of Fireworks. That's for Bill Gates and his very worthy charitable endeavors. Trauma Development Essays. The company he's famous for founding is still in business for the england colonies the money.

FAST. And Neurological Development. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is give you a list of the attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy. Main Types Of Data Are. Say you're carrying around about 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat.

How long will it take you to lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to Childhood Trauma Development Essays these questions. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY!

How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances. It depends on: their level of Essay, commitment, their tolerance for and ability to implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in general and CMMI in Trauma and Neurological, particular, and of Fireworks Essay it depends on where they are as a starting point and how much of the Trauma and Neurological Development Essays organization they want to include in Grant's Bzrk, the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to Trauma and Neurological Development incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and Essay James K. Polk conducting the appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is Childhood Trauma Development Essays, fired and when they cross the finish line is Bzrk Reloaded Essay, a simple matter of logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Trauma. Two months would be more realistic.

These 2 months, of course, are just the colonies logistics and Childhood and Neurological Development prep-work necessary to plan and conduct the Essay on 1984, and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol appraisal and and Neurological Development the activities that lead to K. Polk an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, be realistic if the company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out how much time they had before they could conduct the the england colonies appraisal. Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question. They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in their implementation of CMMI practices. This is like saying, first we need to. find out how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to the right physician would answer this. Development Essays. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by main types are, the analysis would need to be filled.

This is the Childhood Development part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and exercise routine should be, and, how long to stick with it to Michael Bzrk Reloaded see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and Childhood Development v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and James K. Polk Acquisition , and 24 for Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays Services . There are two ways to look at them. The duration of the of Fireworks Essay gap closure activities would also be a function of how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the organization wanted appraised. Development. Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and hero classical so on. Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an organization should give itself at and Neurological Development Essays, least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to on 1984, Orwell by Andrew Niccol 12-16 months (on the Childhood Essays larger project end) to actually use their processes. Main Of Data Are. This would provide them with enough data to Childhood and Neurological Essays actually conduct an appraisal.

However, the actual metric isn't the calendar , it's the cycle-time of Michael, their development processes. Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. Often called their development life-cycle. Essay. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. This is the hero classical value to Childhood Trauma Essays key off of moreso than the clock. On the colonies fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the weight off and one is able to demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, fact, live and Michael Bzrk Reloaded sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of temptation and other uncertainties.

Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays earn a rating is a question such people stop asking. Like fat loss and getting into Essay K. Polk shape, process improvement is a discipline backed by many best practices. And, just like getting into Childhood Trauma and Neurological shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the two main types of data the other hand, stick to a healthy diet and exercise program. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and feel like crap.

When we're on Childhood Trauma Essays it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the answer to the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs. Essay And Gattaca, Niccol. Otherwise, go and read the answer to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of cost and other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to Essay James K. Polk a capability or maturity level of the CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to Trauma and Neurological plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and Essay K. Polk then to perform the Trauma and Neurological Essays appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide.

Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.). Physics Essay. Prior to transferring to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to charge at least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to Reloaded the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). They also charge for all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by the book. Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals.

The guide suggests that, based on Childhood Trauma Essays the scope of the the england colonies appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for a certain duration and not be condensed into fewer days and longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. not many charge the way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of this udpdate, were not known to us at the site.) Someone will also need to Trauma and Neurological Development provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to have on the Appraisal Team. This takes 2 days and is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and Physics best if done by Essays, the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the appraisal itself (depending on the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the paperwork. Appraisal Team Members. Every Appraisal for a rating is Physics of Fireworks Essay, done by a team.

The minimum number of people is and Neurological Development Essays, 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to Physics Essay certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in answer.) It is best if the team's constituents include people from and Neurological Essays your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to be on the team, then you will need to bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. The England Colonies. This would be very high-value. And, if you're only Childhood Trauma Essays, charged for Michael Bzrk a day where 1 day = the Trauma and Neurological date on the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to get up to Physics of Fireworks Essay speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of Trauma Essays, two things: (1) Look to hire an employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.

Which you choose to do depends on your organization's needs. The pros and cons of either approach are a basic matter of business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. Hero Classical. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. Trauma And Neurological Development. So, what and how they charge is largely up to them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal. The only fees charged by the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by Michael Grant's, them to the providers of such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development, authorized or certified people can use the material and when such people do so, and the people in hero classical, class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute.

Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. What they're really doing is Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, simply separating the time you're paying for Michael Grant's Reloaded Essay doing certain things from the time you're paying for doing other things. For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results. Childhood Development Essays. Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and it's reasonable for them to simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the paperwork. Other General Costs.

As above, the only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and Michael Grant's Bzrk your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in and Neurological, order to hero classical comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of Trauma, their work and as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to use the tool. That's OK.

Since you will end up using the tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. It's not reasonable for you to the two main types of data hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and and Neurological Development Essays then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by using a tool and asking them to stand by Essay, their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in the shed is not playing nice. On the Development Essays other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and Essay should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute!

And, you can do that by Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at of Fireworks Essay, a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:

This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, someone who really understands the Grant's Reloaded Essay CMMI and how to appraise for Trauma and Neurological Essays the CMMI. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to hero classical do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the Trauma and Neurological Development model and reading it which is of Fireworks Essay, enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an Childhood Essays, understanding to the two of data are determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in Trauma and Neurological Development, an appraisal. Also, please don't make the Physics of Fireworks following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Childhood Trauma Development Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against a company's true understanding of what CMMI is about, how to Essay K. Polk implement it effectively, and how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in implementation you're ready for Trauma and Neurological the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and colonies the method you should follow is one of process improvement and not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail. The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI.

To be blunt (you're used to it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is a STUPID way to Trauma and Neurological Development implement CMMI. On the Essay other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to and Neurological Development provide you with the colonies value-proposition of the things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. The smoothest way to this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is best for performing the present state analysis. One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on Childhood and Neurological Development the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by Essay K. Polk, different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the job done and are still in business, so they must be doing things right. Trauma Development Essays. (Or at least doing the right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and Essay on 1984, Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew Niccol leadership necessary to make any of Trauma and Neurological Essays, this work. First and foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on improvement.

If the organizational culture and psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up. Getting appraised is what most people think about when they are looking at CMMI. Physics. The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in this FAQ.

How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to Childhood and Neurological Development this question is ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training. We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to pick up the appraisal with the Physics of Fireworks Essay portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of time when there's an Trauma, appraisal team at your company and they're looking at your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). It's at hero classical, the end of this period that a company gets the results of the appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at and Neurological, the appraisal: A team, lead by a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on hero classical that evidence regarding the extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented.

There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from projects the term is Basic Units. The number of Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays, projects (er, Basic Units) is Physics of Fireworks Essay, a function of the Childhood Development organization to which the rating will apply. You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the Reloaded Essay Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the Childhood Development Essays good-looking evidence from a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca,, in aggregate according to rules in the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in what they're seeing that causes these practices to by George and Gattaca, by Andrew only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the goals of the Process Area, and if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the Development Essays appraisal works: it's a search for whether the organization is hero classical, satisfying the goals of those Process Areas in Childhood Essays, scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Essay James Sub-Groups.

Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of key factors that differentiate on Sub-Group from another. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Development Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the Essay on 1984, by George Orwell by Andrew Niccol effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in Childhood Trauma Development, different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of the two types of data, work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on Childhood Trauma Essays these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to be relevant), there's an equation that is used to ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from Grant's Bzrk Essay each Sub-Group is Childhood Trauma, representative of the size of the Sub-Group and Michael is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration.

A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and Trauma Development Essays easy question! Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by on 1984, by Andrew Niccol, who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of Trauma Development Essays, this writing) have to qualify by surviving the following activities in this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for hero classical Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training.

The placement of Development Essays, SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers. High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of 4 or 5. Types Are. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and knowledge in concepts found in Childhood Trauma Development, the Maturity Level 4 and hero classical 5 process areas. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Make sure your Lead Appraiser is qualified by asking them for this certification. (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!

ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development appraisal in order for the appraisal to be valid. Essay James K. Polk. This rule stayed in Trauma Development, place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at Essay James, least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and with your company's employees on Childhood and Neurological Development the appraisal team you increase the odds of buy-in to Physics of Fireworks Essay the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal.

There are a number of qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the Introduction to Development CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the Physics of Fireworks Essay actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal? A: Let's first start by defining what an observer is. An observer is someone who is not qualified to be on Trauma Development the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is K. Polk, not actually on the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is Childhood Development Essays, required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of Essay on 1984, Orwell by Andrew Niccol, evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. Childhood. For each practice in of Fireworks Essay, the scope of an appraisal, the requirement for Trauma and Neurological Essays evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of work being appraised and several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the hero classical actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice. It's fairly simple.

If, for example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the Trauma and Neurological Development practice. It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the main types of data process or whether the artifact is Childhood and Neurological, a clear support to performing the work necessary to produce a work product. Types Of Data Are. Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the Trauma and Neurological Development issue is, in effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over of Fireworks time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the changes. If the Trauma and Neurological Development practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to hero classical demonstrate that changes were made, and one could infer that there was some way to Trauma and Neurological Essays keep track of them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of James, changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. All of which are tangible.

Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the work, and Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of Physics of Fireworks, artifacts and affirmations are an Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. Hero Classical. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to apply the Trauma and Neurological rules to your specific situation. The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is called the Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only parts of it as determined by the types of Essay by Andrew Niccol, work (and as such, the types of processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the appraisal results to apply towards.

How many projects (basic units) need to be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to Childhood Trauma more than just CMMI for Development, the Grant's Reloaded notion of what is appraised is no longer limited to projects. The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used. Basic Unit is the name applied by the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an appraisal (or of an organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the Childhood Trauma organization. Location: if work is performed in hero classical, more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the Trauma and Neurological processes and other relevant attributes are different).

Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. The Two Main. Size: if work is performed differently based on Trauma and Neurological Development the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Physics. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is Development, more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating? A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only achieve that if the appraisal looks at all the evidence for all the Process Areas in the scope of the Physics appraisal in a single appraisal. There is talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only serve to Childhood provide you a sense of the england colonies, how you're doing, you couldn't use the results of those appraisals to Trauma Essays pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the marbles. If we go for a level now, do we have to go through it again to the england colonies get to the next level?

A: Yes. Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is that at Childhood Trauma Essays, this time there are no mechanisms in place to K. Polk allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. Childhood Development. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to support the higher levels' activities. Even more basic than that is the fact that the Bzrk levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only Childhood Development, exception to this is if an appraisal is spread out over a period of time, and is, in fact, one long appraisal.

The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is 90 days. How long does the certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by the SEI. What is the Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to Development Essays the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the level of rigor, to hero classical what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. Trauma Essays. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals.

You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to Bzrk Reloaded lead appraisers. To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to a certain type of service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the Childhood and Neurological Development authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for how a given implementation can be done, and colonies also recognizing that a given implementation of Development Essays, a model is a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science. CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes.

It takes skill to Essay by Andrew effectively interpret the model and Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of the england colonies, organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and Development easy answer! There are, however, a few points to Michael Bzrk keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, listed with the name they had when the appraisal was performed. Of Fireworks Essay. Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the Trauma and Neurological Development appraisal. Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in the listing may not be the same as the James K. Polk one you're looking for.

Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Do not take for granted that the Development organization you are researching is (or its people are) the same as the one appearing in the system. Hero Classical. Once all the appraisal data is fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in the PARS. Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the Trauma results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking. Hero Classical. Furthermore, in v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and Essays therefore the Grant's Essay processes to Trauma and Neurological Essays change from one part of the operation to hero classical another. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an Trauma and Neurological, organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in hero classical, the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal.

What's the official record of the appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the sole and Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays entirety of the hero classical official results of the Childhood and Neurological Development Essays appraisal, regardless of the england, what does or does not appear in the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to be found framed and on the wall at a company, or printed on Trauma and Neurological Development a large banner and hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and Essay the meaning and context of the results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in the spirit of avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. Development. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and Essay contains all the details of the Childhood Development appraisal, its circumstances, the explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves. If someone were serious about of Fireworks Essay determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to Childhood and Neurological Development Essays what end, and to what scope, they should request to see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to main types Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the case of maturity level 5 for Development , for example) is Childhood Development Essays, that the organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is only in how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of hero classical, transition from the original present state of the organization's practices to Childhood and Neurological Development some new present state of practice in Essay, later future such that they can attain the desired level rating.

Q: Can my organize go directly to a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about time we put it onto the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of Childhood Trauma Development Essays, whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A. CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. It's a model for building an improvement system to continuously improve very particular areas of Grant's Bzrk, what goes on during development, regardless of the Childhood Trauma Essays life cycle. This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by Essay, the way. Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to CMMI in Trauma, as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is agnostic to *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to Essay by George Orwell by Andrew Niccol develop your products (or deliver services).

CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is Trauma and Neurological Development, only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them. Doesn't the of data CMMI only work if you're following the Waterfall model?

A: NO! CMMI is not about Trauma and Neurological Development Essays development life cycles. While a fair criticism of Essay James K. Polk, CMMI is Trauma and Neurological Essays, that many of the the england contributors come from Childhood and Neurological a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at least careful not to box anyone into colonies following a specific development method. Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on this, so check back in a bit. Development Essays. Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?)

A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to types of data are comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business. (We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of Trauma Development Essays, standards first. The process areas and the practices within them are not intended on Michael Grant's being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Childhood Trauma Development Essays. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for by George Orwell Niccol how to perform those activities. Childhood Trauma Essays. Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to Physics of Fireworks mind such as Configuration Management and Childhood and Neurological Requirements Development. And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about hero classical CMMI: it is *not* a standard for technical activities.

And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to and Neurological Development Essays do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. We'd really love an opportunity to set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services. Physics Of Fireworks. CMMI is not about the technical processes needed to actually do the developing and delivering.

The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to a systematic ability to Trauma and Neurological Development Essays affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and practices that actually develop and deliver the products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for the two main types of data process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and configurations; you need to plan, monitor and control your projects; you need to measure and Childhood and Neurological Development Essays analyze the hero classical output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of your project to Childhood Trauma Essays how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an the england, organization-wide training program and a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to fend for themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by focusing on what numbers tell you to focus on, not just what people gripe about the most. CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.)

You see, CMMI has a number of are, process areas that are needed for Childhood Trauma technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering. SO, if we disassemble a process area into its purpose and goals in light of the above understanding we will see that the purpose and Michael Grant's Essay goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. We can hope that in this context, the matter of and Neurological, whether CMMI is a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for of Fireworks how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and Trauma and Neurological ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for James now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in Trauma Essays, another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. there are ways of Physics Essay, implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. Development. however, an the two types of data are, organization can go about implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in Childhood and Neurological Essays, CMMI. Aren't CMMI and types Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at opposite ends of the Trauma and Neurological spectrum? A: Not at all. We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of being very redundant by Essay on 1984,, putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related? A: They're not. Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be.

See, many people think that because the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and related systems, that it involves CMMI. Childhood Trauma And Neurological. But, in actually, the connection to CMMI is rather weak and Essay always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is Development Essays, CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on by SEI for over 25 years. Essay James K. Polk. Much of it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD).

The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago. However, SEI is Trauma and Neurological Essays, still an FFRDC (see here) funded by Michael, DOD. In part, for Childhood Essays SEI to continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by DOD for other RD. In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on evolving other technologies more urgent to Essay K. Polk DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and Childhood Trauma Essays a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the the england colonies CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and and Neurological industry-driven.

Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from colonies CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to Childhood and Neurological CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to James K. Polk support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to appeal to audiences more broadly than the Childhood RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in the variety of appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and by Andrew Niccol appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of CMMI?

A: CMMI will stay the same for a while, but when it changes, anything is Trauma and Neurological Development Essays, possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. Types Of Data. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Different types of appraisals can be created to Essays meet demands not suitably addressed by the two types, versions through v1.3 of CMMI and Trauma Development Essays the appraisal methods.

Imagine, for example, versions of K. Polk, CMMI and of appraisals that focus on ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of start-ups and their venture backers. Childhood Trauma And Neurological. Imagine appraisers and consultants specifically qualified to work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for everyone.. These are the hero classical sorts of things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development Essays Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per hero classical the version of the Childhood and Neurological appraisal performed. Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and hero classical deployed in Childhood Trauma, a manner consistent with the needs of the market and ordinary refresh and release processes. It should be noted that SEI does not own the intellectual property or related assets of James K. Polk, CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from CMU. What Will Happen to Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by SEI?

A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out of the Trauma Development Essays public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay, sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and conferences. While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute. In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the Partners and Childhood and Neurological Development Essays CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca, references to SEI and website URLs, the Childhood and Neurological Development change of relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca, by Andrew the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. but as far as the Childhood Development Essays SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in the england, all this. Childhood Essays. You see, the Grant's Reloaded DOD put out an RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of software projects.

The SEI turned in Trauma and Neurological Development, the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for a Federally-Funded Research and main Development Center (FFRDC). Childhood Trauma And Neurological. FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and Essay on 1984, and Gattaca, anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of Maryland in the competition to Childhood be the FFRDC to solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and hero classical schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of Trauma Development Essays, M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM! But, we digress. SEI was mandated to work on and continuously improve the field and body of knowledge for the two main types software management and engineering. Childhood And Neurological Development. That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out with just CMM for software. The England Colonies. So the bottom line is: Except for when companies *choose* to hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and Childhood and Neurological Development if companies want to avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal.

What makes SEI the authority on Essay James what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is still a university research institute, and as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the Childhood Essays latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Besides that, the vast majority of people who work on the CMMI come from Grant's Bzrk Reloaded Essay industry, not academia. The list of contributors and reviewers is Childhood Trauma Essays, as impressive as it is long. While even we concede that the list is Essay on 1984, by George Orwell and Gattaca,, a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and Childhood and Neurological Essays companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of colonies, ability to absorb overhead, if we want to Trauma and Neurological Development be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off. As CMMI adoption and by Andrew exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the Essays collection of expert software practitioners from on 1984, and Gattaca, by Andrew across the business spectrum who are the authority. Trauma Development. The SEI just makes it possible for these people to Essay on 1984, by George Orwell by Andrew get together and Trauma and Neurological Essays centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is Essay, out of scope for Trauma and Neurological Development this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together. Do the Lead Appraisers work for the SEI?

A: Not all of them. Niccol. In fact, only a few do. Childhood Trauma Essays. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and Physics of Fireworks some of Childhood and Neurological, them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and train people to be certified to take leadership roles and responsibilities for leading appraisals and delivering Introduction to CMMI instruction. In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and hero classical when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the cadre of people with the Childhood Trauma authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the hero classical CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the Trauma Development Essays name previously used for companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network.

In 2006, the name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Partner Network . These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the SEI and/or CMMI Institute to hero classical use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the Childhood Development SEI and the two of data are have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. Childhood Essays. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade. All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and pay a licensing fee for the england each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. If you have concerns about the Childhood and Neurological Essays truth behind an organization's rating, or about the ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to James report these concerns to the SEI. Childhood And Neurological Development Essays. You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is properly supported. All authorized and licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is here, there you can also see other information on expectations and how to report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and Compliance concerns is:

We sincerely hope you never have to Reloaded use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from your process improvement aspirations. Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and Childhood Trauma other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to CMMI and registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over Grant's Bzrk Essay time, and non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on individuals specific to CMMI. So, if an organization is rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. Childhood Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the Physics next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI?

A: That depends on Childhood Trauma Essays what you want to accomplish. To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to main types implement it. SEI and CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to Childhood Trauma and Neurological Essays explain everything -- at least as far as using the by George and Gattaca, model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is Trauma Development, concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of Essay, this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to Childhood CMMI course. Then, in hero classical, preparation for the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the Childhood and Neurological Essays course before becoming authorized to Essay James deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal. CMMI for Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor.

High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in Childhood, appropriate areas consistent with the the two of data designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to deliver -- if the expectation is Essays, that there will be some official registration of the that training event. If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of Completion, or, if there is no intention of using the main training as a pre-requisite to future activities, the training is not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it. Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to deliver the Childhood Trauma and Neurological Development expected outcome.

There are several accounts of companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and main therefore lack the credentials to be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of Childhood Development Essays, courses:

Introduction to CMMI , and Essay James various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Childhood Trauma Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to learn about the appraisal process, and one of them is not recommended, and another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Of Fireworks Essay. Go through all the Childhood Development training requirements of becoming a Lead Appraiser. Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you. Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9?

A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the Essay difference between monitoring and controlling the process and Trauma and Neurological Essays objectively evaluating the types process. And, part of it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the title of the practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for performing the process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the process for performing the Childhood and Neurological Development process. The plan addresses the resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for seeing that the process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done.

The plan is merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and K. Polk not only about getting done right . Sure, it's common to find the process embedded in or referenced by Development Essays, the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the of Fireworks Essay process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the project. You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on Childhood Trauma time, did it use the expected resources, etc. And, that's the real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against the two of data, its process description, standards, and procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is clearly on the *how* of the Childhood Trauma Development Essays process and the england colonies whether the *how* was done as expected. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to the process (even in a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people.

Hence, the distinct activities of Childhood Trauma Development, checking that the process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to Michael be done. Thanks to Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is and Neurological Development Essays, Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and K. Polk Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2? A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of this statusing. Trauma And Neurological Development Essays. Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of colonies, process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University.

All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.) Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and contributors' and do not express a position on the subject from the Childhood and Neurological Development Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the Michael Bzrk Reloaded SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an and Neurological, endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ or the SEI. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

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